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Department of Archaeology

 

I am a chemist focussing on biomolecular archaeology and isotopic analysis in archaeological and ecological contexts. I welcome enquiries from researchers who are interested in working with me (please read note below). 

 

Biography

I started academic life as a chemist at the University of Oxford. The lure of applied science led me to archaeology, working with Prof Robert Hedges at the Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art in Oxford, firstly for my undergraduate dissertation followed by a SERC/NERC-funded DPhil. I had a Wellcome Trust Post-doctoral Fellowship, then two post-doctoral positions at the RLAHA. I joined the Department in Cambridge in 2004, with a Wellcome Trust University Award, to set up an isotope and palaeodiet laboratory, now called the Dorothy Garrod Laboratory.

I am a member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, the British Mass Spectrometry Society and the Society of Archaeological Sciences

Research

My research traces signals of diet and climate in human and animal tissues, using isotopic analysis. As well as application to archaeological, ecological and epidemiological case studies, my work focuses on developing our understanding of the underlying principles, so as to improve the resolution of interpretations and conclusions that we can draw from isotopic analyses.

Topics
  • Stable isotope analysis 
  • Palaeodiet
  • Palaeoclimate
  • Ecological studies of foodwebs
  • Nutrition and epidemiology
  • Biomolecular analysis of human and animal remains

I am presently involved in the following research projects:

  • After the Plague, a Wellcome-funded multi-disciplinary project on life in Mediaeval Cambridge
  • IsoBank, a multi-organization NSF-funded effort to build a common repository for stable isotope data
  • Subsilience, an ERC project led by Dr Ana Maria Belen, University of Cantabria & Instituto Internacional de Investigaciones Prehistóricas de Cantabria
  • The Portus Project
  • The FRAGSUS Project
  • Two Rains
  • food-web studies in the Antarctic, with Dr Tracey Rogers and the Predator group at the University of New South Wales

Analytical Equipment used

Continuous flow isotope ratio mass spectrometry: Thermo Finnigan Delta V and MAT253 mass specs with various peripherals including EA, TCEA, gas bench and Kiel device.

We carry out our analyses in the Godwin Laboratory in Earth Sciences.

 

Collaborators

Information for Prospective Postgraduate Students

Before making a speculative approach to me, please think about a few questions:

  1. Why do you want to work with me in particular? I need to be convinced that you are actively interested in working with me, not attracted by the appeal of a degree from Cambridge. Straight “applications” of isotopic analyses to archaeological questions are of less interest to me, and for such work, there needs to be another Cambridge-based supervisor to cover the archaeological dimension.
  2. What will you bring to the isotope group? I like people who can bring unusual skills into isotopic studies, who want to tackle underpinning assumptions and to take new approaches to isotopic data. A strong degree of numeracy, a willingness to do a lot of benchwork and an interest in archaeology/trophic ecology are expectations, not qualifications in themselves.
  3. How will you fund your position? I do not take self-funded students, because of the need to cover research expenses. Please make the effort to look for opportunities. I’m willing to help good applicants to develop proposals and track down funding but the primary motivation needs to come from you. Having independent funding isn’t enough on its own either; see (1.) above.
  4. Why do you want to do a PhD? In case you’re not already aware, most PhD graduates don’t end up working in academia (although fair few of my former students do). A PhD is difficult, intensive - the highest academic qualification for a reason. It brings you no glory, no financial rewards. If you’re aware of all this and still want to embark on this, then it might be for you.

Key Publications

Key publications: 

For full publications, see Google Scholar 

 

Selected publications

[1] O'Connell TC (2017) ‘Trophic’ and ‘source’ amino acids in trophic estimation: a likely metabolic explanation. Oecologia 184:317-326. doi: 10.1007/s00442-017-3881-9
[2] O'Connell T.C., Kneale C.J., Tasevska N. and Kuhnle G.G.C. (2012). The diet-body offset in human nitrogen isotopic values: A controlled dietary study. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 149(3), 426-434. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22140.

 

Publication

Theses / dissertations

2022 (No publication date)

  • Buss, DL., O'Connell, T. (ed.), 2022 (No publication date). Foraging ecology and population structuring of baleen whales in the western South Atlantic and eastern South Pacific, University of Cambridge http://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.85814
  • Hermenegildo, T., O'Connell, T. (ed.), 2022 (No publication date). Fields and Forests: A Stable Isotope Perspective on the Subsistence Strategies of Past Amazonian Peoples, University of Cambridge http://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.85738
  • 2021 (No publication date)

  • Rose, A., O'Connell, T. (ed.), 2021 (No publication date). Life in Medieval Cambridge: an isotopic analysis of diet and mobility, University of Cambridge
  • 2021

  • Leggett, S., Hakenbeck, S. and O'Connell, T. (eds.), 2021. ‘Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you who you are’: A Multi-Tissue and Multi-Scalar Isotopic Study of Diet and Mobility in Early Medieval England and its European Neighbours, University of Cambridge
  • Journal articles

    2022

  • Greenfield, TL., McMahon, AM., O'Connell, TC., Reade, H., Holmden, C., Fletcher, AC., Zettler, RL. and Petrie, CA., 2022. Were there royal herds? Understanding herd management and mobility using isotopic characterizations of cattle tooth enamel from Early Dynastic Ur. PLoS One, v. 17 http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0265170
  • Buss, DL., Hearne, E., Loy, RHY., Manica, A., O’Connell, TC. and Jackson, JA., 2022. Evidence of resource partitioning between fin and sei whales during the twentieth-century whaling period Marine Biology, v. 169 10.1007/s00227-022-04131-x
  • 2021 (Accepted for publication)

  • Beresford-Jones, D., Pomeroy, E., Alday, C., Benfer, RA., Quilter, J., O'Connell, T. and Lightfoot, E., 2021 (Accepted for publication). Diet and lifestyle in the first villages of the Middle Preceramic: insights from stable isotope and osteological analyses of human remains from Paloma, Chilca I, La Yerba III and Morro I, Society for American Archaeology (SAA) Latin American Antiquity, v. 32 http://doi.org/10.1017/laq.2021.24
  • 2021

  • O'Connell, TC., 2021. Comment on Ellegård et al. Clinical Nutrition 2019 "Distinguishing vegan-, vegetarian-, and omnivorous diets by hair isotopic analysis". Clin Nutr, v. 40 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2021.07.006
  • Jones, PJ., O’Connell, TC., Jones, MK., Singh, RN. and Petrie, CA., 2021. Crop water status from plant stable carbon isotope values: A test case for monsoonal climates Holocene, v. 31 http://doi.org/10.1177/0959683621994649
  • Suryanarayan, A., Cubas, M., Craig, OE., Heron, CP., Shinde, VS., Singh, RN., O'Connell, TC. and Petrie, CA., 2021. Lipid residues in pottery from the Indus Civilisation in northwest India. J Archaeol Sci, v. 125 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2020.105291
  • Tejada, JV., Flynn, JJ., MacPhee, R., O'Connell, TC., Cerling, TE., Bermudez, L., Capuñay, C., Wallsgrove, N. and Popp, BN., 2021. Isotope data from amino acids indicate Darwin's ground sloth was not an herbivore. Sci Rep, v. 11 http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-97996-9
  • 2020

  • Lightfoot, E., Jones, PJ., Joglekar, PP., Tames-Demauras, M., Smith, E., Muschinski, J., Shinde, V., Singh, RN., Jones, MK., O'Connell, TC. and Petrie, CA., 2020. Feeding the herds: Stable isotope analysis of animal diet and its implication for understanding social organisation in the Indus Civilisation, Northwest India Archaeological Research in Asia, v. 24 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ara.2020.100212
  • Barrett, JH., Boessenkool, S., Kneale, CJ., O'Connell, TC. and Star, B., 2020. Ecological globalisation, serial depletion and the medieval trade of walrus rostra Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 229 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.106122
  • Lightfoot, E., Ustunkaya, MC., Przelomska, N., O'Connell, TC., Hunt, HV., Jones, MK. and Petrie, CA., 2020. Carbon and nitrogen isotopic variability in foxtail millet (Setaria italica) with watering regime. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, v. 34 http://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8615
  • O'Connell, TC., 2020. Rough Diamond: A Carbon Isotopic Biomarker of Added Sugar Intake. J Nutr, v. 150 http://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxaa237
  • Lightfoot, E., Pomeroy, E., Grant, J., O’Connell, TC., le Roux, P., Zakrzewski, S., Inskip, S., Benady, S., Finlayson, C., Finlayson, G. and Lane, K., 2020. Sea, sickness and cautionary tales: a multi-isotope study from a post-mediaeval hospital at the city-port of Gibraltar (AD 1462–1704) Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, v. 12 http://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-020-01220-0
  • 2019 (No publication date)

  • Stevens, R., Reade, H., Pryor, A., Chapman, H., Boyle, K., Chiotti, L., Pilaar Birch, S. and O'Connell, T., 2019 (No publication date). Strontium and oxygen isotope evidence for year-round availability of reindeer during the Palaeolithic in southwest France: Implications for human hunting strategies, Elsevier Inc. Journal of Human Evolution,
  • 2019 (Accepted for publication)

  • Robb, JE., Inskip, S., Cessford, C., Dittmar, J., Kivisild, T., Mitchell, P., Mulder, B., O'Connell, T., Rose, A. and Scheib, C., 2019 (Accepted for publication). Osteobiography: the history of the body as real bottom-line history, University of Florida Press Bioarchaeology International, v. 3 http://doi.org/10.5744/bi.2019.1006
  • Scheib, C., Hui, R., D'Atanasio, E., Wohns, AW., Inskip, S., Rose, A., Cessford, C., O'Connell, T., Robb, J., Evans, C., Patten, R. and Kivisild, T., 2019 (Accepted for publication). East Anglian Early Neolithic monument burial linked to contemporary Megaliths, Taylor & Francis Annals of Human Biology, v. 46 http://doi.org/10.1080/03014460.2019.1623912
  • 2019

  • Correia, MA., Foley, R., O'Connell, TC., Ramírez-Rozzi, F. and Mirazón Lahr, M., 2019. Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Signatures of Hair, Nail, and Breath from tropical African Human Populations, John Wiley & Sons Inc. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, http://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.8524
  • 2018 (Accepted for publication)

  • O'Connell, TC., Ballantyne, RM., Hamilton-Dyer, S., Margaritis, E., Oxford, S., Pantano, W., Millett, MJ. and Keay, SJ., 2018 (Accepted for publication). Living and Dying at the Portus Romae, Cambridge University Press Antiquity, v. 93 http://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2019.64
  • 2018

  • O'Connell, TC. and Collins, MJ., 2018. Comment on “Ecological niche of Neanderthals from Spy Cave revealed by nitrogen isotopes of individual amino acids in collagen.”, Academic Press Journal of Human Evolution, v. 117 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2017.05.006
  • Bosch, MD., Mannino, MA., Prendergast, AL., Wesselingh, FP., O'Connell, TC. and Hublin, JJ., 2018. Year-round shellfish exploitation in the Levant and implications for Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer subsistence Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, v. 21 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.08.014
  • Scheib, CL., Li, H., Desai, T., Link, V., Kendall, C., Dewar, G., Griffith, PW., Mörseburg, A., Johnson, JR., Potter, A., Kerr, SL., Endicott, P., Lindo, J., Haber, M., Xue, Y., Tyler-Smith, C., Sandhu, MS., Lorenz, JG., Randall, TD., Faltyskova, Z., Pagani, L., Danecek, P., O'Connell, TC., Martz, P., Boraas, AS., Byrd, BF., Leventhal, A., Cambra, R., Williamson, R., Lesage, L., Holguin, B., Ygnacio-De Soto, E., Rosas, J., Metspalu, M., Stock, JT., Manica, A., Scally, A., Wegmann, D., Malhi, RS. and Kivisild, T., 2018. Ancient human parallel lineages within North America contributed to a coastal expansion., American Association for the Advancement of Science Science, v. 360 http://doi.org/10.1126/science.aar6851
  • Reade, H., O'Connell, TC., Barker, G. and Stevens, RE., 2018. Increased climate seasonality during the late glacial in the Gebel Akhdar, Libya Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 192 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.06.003
  • Horswill, C., Jackson, JA., Medeiros, R., Nowell, RW., Trathan, PN. and O'Connell, TC., 2018. Minimising the limitations of using dietary analysis to assess foodweb changes by combining multiple techniques Ecological Indicators, v. 94 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.06.035
  • 2017

  • Roffey, S., Tucker, K., Filipek-Ogden, K., Montgomery, J., Cameron, J., O'Connell, T., Evans, J., Marter, P. and Taylor, GM., 2017. Investigation of a Medieval Pilgrim Burial Excavated from the Leprosarium of St Mary Magdalen Winchester, UK. PLoS Negl Trop Dis, v. 11 http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005186
  • O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, REM., 2017. CHICKEN AND EGG: TESTING THE CARBON ISOTOPIC EFFECTS OF CARNIVORY AND HERBIVORY ARCHAEOMETRY, v. 59 http://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12253
  • Hermenegildo, T., O'Connell, TC., Guapindaia, VLC. and Neves, EG., 2017. New evidence for subsistence strategies of late pre-colonial societies of the mouth of the Amazon based on carbon and nitrogen isotopic data Quaternary International, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.03.003
  • O'Connell, TC., 2017. ‘Trophic’ and ‘source’ amino acids in trophic estimation: a likely metabolic explanation, Springer Verlag Oecologia, v. 184 http://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-017-3881-9
  • Prendergast, AL., Stevens, RE., Hill, EA., Hunt, C., O'Connell, TC. and Barker, GW., 2017. Carbon isotope signatures from land snail shells: Implications for palaeovegetation reconstruction in the eastern Mediterranean Quaternary International, v. 432 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.12.053
  • 2016

  • Tafuri, MA., Fullagar, PD., O'Connell, TC., Belcastro, MG., Iacumin, P., Conati Barbaro, C., Sanseverino, R. and Robb, J., 2016. Life and Death in Neolithic Southeastern Italy: The Strontium Isotopic Evidence International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, v. 26 http://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2516
  • Rogers, TL., Fung, J., Slip, D., Steindler, L. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Calibrating the time span of longitudinal biomarkers in vertebrate tissues when fine-scale growth records are unavailable ECOSPHERE, v. 7 http://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1449/full
  • Strauss, A., Oliveira, RE., Villagran, XS., Bernardo, DV., Salazar-Garcia, DC., Jr, BMC., Pugliese, F., Hermenegildo, T., Santos, R., Barioni, A., de Oliveira, EC., Moreno de Sousa, JC., Jaouen, K., Ernani, M., Hubbe, M., Inglez, M., Gratao, M., Rockwell, H., Machado, M., de Souza, G., Chemale, F., Kawashita, K., O'Connell, TC., Israde, I., Feathers, J., Campi, C., Richards, M., Wahl, J., Kipnis, R., Araujo, A. and Neves, W., 2016. Early Holocene ritual complexity in South America: the archaeological record of Lapa do Santo (east-central Brazil) ANTIQUITY, v. 90 http://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2016.220
  • Rogers, TL., Fung, J., Slip, D., Steindler, L. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Calibrating the time span of longitudinal biomarkers in vertebrate tissues when fine-scale growth records are unavailable Ecosphere, v. 7 http://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1449
  • Prendergast, AL., Stevens, RE., O'Connell, TC., Fadlalak, A., Touati, M., al-Mzeine, A., Schöne, BR., Hunt, CO. and Barker, G., 2016. Changing patterns of eastern Mediterranean shellfish exploitation in the Late Glacial and Early Holocene: Oxygen isotope evidence from gastropod in Epipaleolithic to Neolithic human occupation layers at the Haua Fteah cave, Libya Quaternary International, v. 407 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.09.035
  • Reade, H., Stevens, RE., O'Connell, TC. and Barker, G., 2016. Pleistocene and Holocene herbivore diets and palaeoenvironments in the Gebel Akhdar (Libya): Implications for past human populations Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 449 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.02.003
  • Reade, H., O'Connell, TC., Barker, G. and Stevens, RE., 2016. Pleistocene and Holocene palaeoclimates in the Gebel Akhdar (Libya) estimated using herbivore tooth enamel oxygen isotope compositions Quaternary International, v. 404 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.009
  • Lightfoot, E. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. On the Use of Biomineral Oxygen Isotope Data to Identify Human Migrants in the Archaeological Record: Intra-Sample Variation, Statistical Methods and Geographical Considerations. PLoS One, v. 11 http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153850
  • Horswill, C., Matthiopoulos, J., Ratcliffe, N., Green, JA., Trathan, PN., McGill, RAR., Phillips, RA. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Drivers of intrapopulation variation in resource use in a generalist predator, the macaroni penguin Marine Ecology Progress Series, v. 548 http://doi.org/10.3354/meps11626
  • Prendergast, AL., Stevens, RE., O'Connell, TC., Hill, EA., Hunt, CO. and Barker, GW., 2016. A late Pleistocene refugium in Mediterranean North Africa? Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction from stable isotope analyses of land snail shells (Haua Fteah, Libya) Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 139 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.014
  • Pilaar Birch, SE., Miracle, PT., Stevens, RE. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene Migratory Behavior of Ungulates Using Isotopic Analysis of Tooth Enamel and Its Effects on Forager Mobility. PLoS One, v. 11 10.1371/journal.pone.0155714
  • Lightfoot, E., Przelomska, N., Craven, M., O Connell, TC., He, L., Hunt, HV. and Jones, MK., 2016. Intraspecific carbon and nitrogen isotopic variability in foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, v. 30 http://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7583
  • Phillips, CA. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Fecal carbon and nitrogen isotopic analysis as an indicator of diet in Kanyawara chimpanzees, Kibale National Park, Uganda. Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 161 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.23073
  • Stevens, RE. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Red deer bone and antler collagen are not isotopically equivalent in carbon and nitrogen. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, v. 30 http://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.7670
  • Charlton, S., Alexander, M., Collins, M., Milner, N., Mellars, P., O'Connell, TC., Stevens, RE. and Craig, OE., 2016. Finding Britain's last hunter-gatherers: A new biomolecular approach to ‘unidentifiable’ bone fragments utilising bone collagen Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 73 10.1016/j.jas.2016.07.014
  • Matuzeviciute, GM., Kiryushin, YF., Rakhimzhanova, SZ., Svyatko, S., Tishkin, AA. and O'Connell, TC., 2016. Climatic or dietary change? Stable isotope analysis of Neolithic-Bronze Age populations from the Upper Ob and Tobol River basins HOLOCENE, v. 26 http://doi.org/10.1177/0959683616646843
  • 2015

  • Lightfoot, E., Motuzaite-Matuzeviciute, G., O'Connell, TC., Kukushkin, IA., Loman, V., Varfolomeev, V., Liu, X. and Jones, MK., 2015. How 'Pastoral' is Pastoralism? Dietary Diversity in Bronze Age Communities in the Central Kazakhstan Steppes Archaeometry, v. 57 http://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12123
  • Forouhi, NG., Kuhnle, GG., Patel, PS. and O'Connell, TC., 2015. Reply to KJ Petzke. Am J Clin Nutr, v. 101 http://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.103309
  • Reade, H., Stevens, RE., Barker, G. and O'Connell, TC., 2015. Tooth enamel sampling strategies for stable isotope analysis: Potential problems in cross-method data comparisons Chemical Geology, v. 404 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.03.026
  • Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, G., Lightfoot, E., O'Connell, TC., Voyakin, D., Liu, X., Loman, V., Svyatko, S., Usmanova, E. and Jones, MK., 2015. The extent of cereal cultivation among the Bronze Age to Turkic period societies of Kazakhstan determined using stable isotope analysis ofbone collagen Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 59 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.03.029
  • Bosch, MD., Mannino, MA., Prendergast, AL., O'Connell, TC., Demarchi, B., Taylor, SM., Niven, L., van der Plicht, J. and Hublin, J-J., 2015. New chronology for Ksâr 'Akil (Lebanon) supports Levantine route of modern human dispersal into Europe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, v. 112 http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1501529112
  • Prendergast, AL., Stevens, RE., Barker, G. and O'Connell, TC., 2015. Oxygen isotope signatures from land snail (Helix melanostoma) shells and body fluid: Proxies for reconstructing Mediterranean and North African rainfall Chemical Geology, v. 409 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2015.05.014
  • Hutchinson, WF., Culling, M., Orton, DC., Hänfling, B., Lawson Handley, L., Hamilton-Dyer, S., O'Connell, TC., Richards, MP. and Barrett, JH., 2015. The globalization of naval provisioning: ancient DNA and stable isotope analyses of stored cod from the wreck of the Mary Rose, AD 1545. R Soc Open Sci, v. 2 10.1098/rsos.150199
  • Lightfoot, E., Šlaus, M., Šikanjić, PR. and O’Connell, TC., 2015. Metals and millets: Bronze and Iron Age diet in inland and coastal Croatia seen through stable isotope analysis Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, v. 7 http://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-014-0194-3
  • Cadwallader, L., Torres, SA., O’Connell, TC., Pullen, AG. and Beresford-Jones, DG., 2015. Dating the dead: New radiocarbon dates from the lower Ica Valley, south coast Peru Radiocarbon, v. 57 http://doi.org/10.2458/azu_rc.57.18343
  • Bosch, MD., Mannino, MA., Prendergast, AL., O'Connell, TC., Demarchi, B., Taylor, SM., Niven, L., van der Plicht, J. and Hublin, J-J., 2015. Reply to Douka et al.: Critical evaluation of the Ksâr 'Akil chronologies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, v. 112 http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1520412112
  • 2014

  • Lightfoot, E., Slaus, M. and O'Connell, TC., 2014. Water consumption in Iron Age, Roman, and Early Medieval Croatia. Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 154 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22544
  • Patel, PS., Cooper, AJM., O'Connell, TC., Kuhnle, GGC., Kneale, CK., Mulligan, AM., Luben, RN., Brage, S., Khaw, K-T., Wareham, NJ. and Forouhi, NG., 2014. Serum carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes as potential biomarkers of dietary intake and their relation with incident type 2 diabetes: the EPIC-Norfolk study. Am J Clin Nutr, v. 100 http://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.113.068577
  • Pryor, AJE., Stevens, RE., O'Connell, TC. and Lister, JR., 2014. Quantification and propagation of errors when converting vertebrate biomineral oxygen isotope data to temperature for palaeoclimate reconstruction, elsevier Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 412 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2014.07.003
  • Liu, X., Lightfoot, E., O’Connell, TC., Wang, H., Li, S., Zhou, L., Hu, Y., Motuzaite-Matuzeviciute, G. and Jones, MK., 2014. From necessity to choice: dietary revolutions in west China in the second millennium BC World Archaeology, v. 46 http://doi.org/10.1080/00438243.2014.953706
  • 2013

  • Prendergast, AL., Azzopardi, M., O'Connell, TC., Hunt, C., Barker, G. and Stevens, RE., 2013. Oxygen isotopes from Phorcus (Osilinus) turbinatus shells as a proxy for sea surface temperature in the central Mediterranean: A case study from Malta Chemical Geology, v. 345 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2013.02.026
  • Pryor, AJE., O'Connell, TC., Wojtal, P., Krzemińska, A. and Stevens, RE., 2013. Investigating climate at the Upper Palaeolithic site of Kraków Spadzista Street (B), Poland, using oxygen isotopes Quaternary International, v. 294 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2011.09.027
  • 2012

  • Kuhnle, GGC., Joosen, AMCP., Kneale, CJ. and O'Connell, TC., 2012. Erratum to: Carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios of urine and faeces as novel nutritional biomarkers of meat and fish intake European Journal of Nutrition, http://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-012-0471-9
  • Kuhnle, GGC., Joosen, AMCP., Kneale CJ, and O'Connell, TC., 2012. Carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios of urine and faeces as novel nutritional biomarkers of meat and fish intake European Journal of Nutrition, v. 50 http://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-012-0328-2
  • Floris, R., Mascia, F., Sonedda, E., Sarigu, M., Lai, L., O'Connell, T., Montisci, M. and Zuncheddu, M., 2012. Bioanthropological analysis of the individuals buried in the multi-layered tomb of Bingia 'E Monti (Gonnostramatza - Or - Sardinia): First results Journal of Biological Research (Italy), v. 85 http://doi.org/10.4081/jbr.2012.4103
  • Diaz, AL., O'Connell, TC., Maher, LA. and Stock, JT., 2012. Subsistence and mobility strategies in the Epipalaeolithic: A stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains at 'Uyun al-Hammam, northern Jordan Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 39 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.02.034
  • Lightfoot, E., Ŝlaus, M. and O'Connell, TC., 2012. Changing cultures, changing cuisines: Cultural transitions and dietary change in iron age, roman, and early medieval croatia American Journal of Physical Anthropology, v. 148 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22070
  • Cadwallader, L., Beresford-Jones, DG., Whaley, OQ. and O'Connell, TC., 2012. The Signs of Maize? A Reconsideration of What δ 13C Values Say about Palaeodiet in the Andean Region Human Ecology,
  • Hakenbeck, S., Geisler, H., Grupe, G. and O'Connell, TC., 2012. fisotope - Studien zu mobilität und exogamie ... Archaologisches Korrespondenzblatt, v. 42
  • Bower, MA., Campana, MG., Nisbet, RER., Weller, R., Whitten, M., Edwards, CJ., Stock, F., Barrett, E., O'Connell, TC., Hill, EW., Wilson, AM., Howe, CJ., Barker, G. and Binns, M., 2012. Truth in the bones: Resolving the identity of the founding elite thoroughbred racehorses Archaeometry, v. 54 http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2012.00666.x
  • Liu, X., Jones, MK., Zhao, Z., Liu, G. and O'Connell, TC., 2012. The earliest evidence of millet as a staple crop: New light on neolithic foodways in North China American Journal of Physical Anthropology, v. 149 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22127
  • O'Connell, TC., Kneale, CJ., Tasevska, N. and Kuhnle, GG., 2012. The diet-body offset in human nitrogen isotopic values: a controlled dietary study Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 149 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.22140
  • 2011

  • Lightfoot, E., Boneva, B., Miracle, PT., Šlaus, M. and O'Connell, TC., 2011. Exploring the Mesolithic and Neolithic transition in Croatia through isotopic investigations Antiquity, v. 85
  • Barrett, JH., Orton, D., Johnstone, C., Harland, J., Van Neer, W., Ervynck, A., Roberts, C., Locker, A., Amundsen, C., Enghoff, IB., Hamilton-Dyer, S., Heinrich, D., Hufthammer, AK., Jones, AKG., Jonsson, L., Makowiecki, D., Pope, P., O'Connell, TC., de Roo, T. and Richards, M., 2011. Interpreting the expansion of sea fishing in medieval Europe using stable isotope analysis of archaeological cod bones Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 38 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2011.02.017
  • Edwards, CJ., Suchard, MA., Lemey, P., Welch, JJ., Barnes, I., Fulton, TL., Barnett, R., O'Connell, TC., Coxon, P., Monaghan, N., Valdiosera, CE., Lorenzen, ED., Willerslev, E., Baryshnikov, GF., Rambaut, A., Thomas, MG., Bradley, DG. and Shapiro, B., 2011. Ancient hybridization and an Irish origin for the modern polar bear matriline Curr Biol, v. 21 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2011.05.058
  • Stevens, RE., Balasse, M. and O'Connell, TC., 2011. Intra-tooth oxygen isotope variation in a known population of red deer: Implications for past climate and seasonality reconstructions Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,
  • Orton, DC., Makowiecki, D., de Roo, T., Johnstone, C., Harland, J., Jonsson, L., Heinrich, D., Enghoff, IB., Lõugas, L., Van Neer, W., Ervynck, A., Hufthammer, AK., Amundsen, C., Jones, AK., Locker, A., Hamilton-Dyer, S., Pope, P., MacKenzie, BR., Richards, M., O'Connell, TC. and Barrett, JH., 2011. Stable isotope evidence for late medieval (14th-15th C) origins of the eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) fishery PLoS One, v. 6 http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0027568
  • 2010

  • Lightfoot, E., Miracle, PT., Radić, D., Šlaus, M. and O'Connell, TC., 2010. Stable isotope analysis of human diets during the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods at Vela Spila cave, Korčula Izdanja HADa, v. 26
  • Brooke, MDL., O'Connell, TC., Wingate, D., Madeiros, J., Hilton, GM. and Ratcliffe, N., 2010. Potential for rat predation to cause decline of the globally threatened Henderson petrel Pterodroma atrata: Evidence from the field, stable isotopes and population modelling Endangered Species Research, v. 11 http://doi.org/10.3354/esr00249
  • Campana, MG., Bower, MA., Bailey, MJ., Stock, F., O'Connell, TC., Edwards, CJ., Checkley-Scott, C., Knight, B., Spencer, M. and Howe, CJ., 2010. A flock of sheep, goats and cattle: Ancient DNA analysis reveals complexities of historical parchment manufacture J ARCHAEOL SCI, v. 37 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2009.12.036
  • Hackenbeck, S., McManus, E., Geisler, H., Grupe, G. and O'Connell, TC., 2010. Diet and mobility in early medieval Bavaria: A study of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL, v. 143 10.1002/ajpa.21309
  • Stevens, RE., Balasse, M. and O'Connell, TC., 2010. Intra-tooth oxygen isotope variation in a known population of red deer: Implications for past climate and seasonality reconstructions Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, v. 301 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.12.021
  • Crowe, F., Sperduti, A., O'Connell, TC., Craig, OE., Kirsanow, K., Germoni, P., Macchiarelli, R., Garnsey, P. and Bondioli, L., 2010. Water-related occupations and diet in two Roman coastal communities (Italy, first to third century AD): Correlation between stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values and auricular exostosis prevalence. Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 142 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21229
  • 2009

  • Lightfoot, E., O'Connell, TC., Stevens, RE., Hamilton, J., Hey, G. and Hedges, REM., 2009. An investigation into diet at the site of Yarnton, Oxfordshire, using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes OXFORD J ARCHAEOL, v. 28 http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0092.2009.00330.x
  • Lucy, S., Newman, R., Dodwell, N., Hills, CM., Dekker, M., O Connell, TC., Riddler, I. and Walton Rogers, P., 2009. The burial of A Princess? The later Seventh-Century cemetery at Westfield Farm, Ely The Antiquaries Journal, v. 89
  • Stevens, RE., Germonpre, M., Petrie, CA. and O'Connell, TC., 2009. Palaeoenvironmental and chronological investigations of the Magdalenian sites of Goyet Cave and Trou de Chaleux (Belgium), via stable isotope and radiocarbon analyses of horse skeletal remains J ARCHAEOL SCI, v. 36 10.1016/j.jas.2008.10.008
  • Hills, CM. and O'Connell, TC., 2009. New light on the Anglo-Saxon succession: Two cemeteries and their dates ANTIQUITY, v. 83
  • Craig, OE., Biazzo, M., O'Connell, TC., Garnsey, P., Martinez-Labarga, C., Lelli, R., Salvadei, L., Tartaglia, G., Nava, A., Reno, L., Fiammenghi, A., Rickards, O. and Bondioli, L., 2009. Stable isotopic evidence for diet at the Imperial Roman coastal site of Velia (1st and 2nd Centuries AD) in southern Italy American Journal of Physical Anthropology, v. 139 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21021
  • Schroeder, H., O'Connell, TC., Evans, JA., Shuler, KA. and Hedges, RE., 2009. Trans-Atlantic slavery: Isotopic evidence for forced migration to Barbados Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 139 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.21019
  • Stevens, RE., O'Connell, TC., Hedges, RE. and Street, M., 2009. Radiocarbon and stable isotope investigations at the Central Rhineland sites of Gönnersdorf and Andernach-Martinsberg, Germany J Hum Evol, v. 57 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2009.01.011
  • 2008

  • Hedges, REM., Saville, A. and O Connell, TC., 2008. Characterizing the diet of individuals at the Neolithic chambered tomb of Hazleton North, Gloucestershire, England, using stable isotopic analysis Archaeometry, v. 50
  • 2007

  • Privat, KL., O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, REM., 2007. The distinction between freshwater- and terrestrial-based diets: Methodological concerns and archaeological applications of sulphur stable isotope analysis J ARCHAEOL SCI, v. 34 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2006.10.008
  • Finucane, BC., Valdez, JE., Calderon, IP., Pomacanchari, CV., Valdez, LM. and O'Connell, TC., 2007. The end of empire: New radiocarbon dates from the Ayacucho Valley, Peru, and their implications for the collapse of the Wari State Radiocarbon, v. 49 http://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v.2955
  • Hedges, RE., Clement, JG., Thomas, CD. and O'connell, TC., 2007. Collagen turnover in the adult femoral mid-shaft: Modeled from anthropogenic radiocarbon tracer measurements Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 133 http://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20598
  • 2006

  • Lewis, R., O'Connell, TC., Lewis, M., Campagna, C. and Hoelzel, AR., 2006. Sex-specific foraging strategies and resource partitioning in the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) Proc Biol Sci, v. 273 http://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.3642
  • 2005

  • Birchall, J., O'Connell, TC., Heaton, THE. and Hedges, REM., 2005. Hydrogen isotope ratios in animal body protein reflect trophic level J ANIM ECOL, v. 74 http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.00979.x
  • Fuller, BT., Fuller, JL., Sage, NE., Harris, DA., O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, REM., 2005. Nitrogen balance and δ15N: Why you're not what you eat during nutritional stress Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, v. 19 http://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.2090
  • Privat, K., Schneeweiß, J., Benecke, N., Vasil'ev, SK., O'Connell, T., Hedges, R. and Craig, O., 2005. Economy and diet at the late Bronze Age-Iron Age site of Čiča: Artefactual, archaeozoological and biochemical analyses Eurasia Antiqua, v. 11
  • 2004

  • Gilbert, MTP., Wilson, AS., Bunce, M., Hansen, AJ., Willersley, E., Shapiro, B., Higham, TFG., Richards, MP., O'Connell, TC., Tobin, DJ., Janaway, RC. and Cooper, A., 2004. Ancient mitochondrial DNA from hair Current Biology, v. 14 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2004.06.008
  • Shin, J-Y., Connell, TCO., Black, S. and Hedges, REM., 2004. Differentiating bone osteonal turnover rates by density fractionation; Validation using the bomb 14C atmospheric pulse Radiocarbon, v. 46
  • Fuller, BT., Fuller, JL., Sage, NE., Harris, DA., O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, RE., 2004. Nitrogen balance and delta15N: Why you're not what you eat during pregnancy Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom, v. 18 http://doi.org/10.1002/rcm.1708
  • 2002

  • Williams, JH. and O'Connell, TC., 2002. Differential relations between cognition and 15N isotopic content of hair in elderly people with dementia and controls J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci, v. 57 http://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/57.12.M797
  • Privat, KL., O'Connell, TC. and Richards, MP., 2002. Stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains from the Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Berinsfield, Oxfordshire: Dietary and social implications J ARCHAEOL SCI, v. 29 http://doi.org/10.1006/jasc.2001.0785
  • 2001

  • O'Connell, TC. and Hedge, REM., 2001. Isolation and isotopic analysis of individual amino acids from archaeological bone collagen: A new method using RP-HPLC ARCHAEOMETRY, v. 43
  • O'Connell, TC., Hedges, REM., Healey, MA. and Simpson, AHR., 2001. Isotopic comparison of hair, nail and bone: Modern analyses J ARCHAEOL SCI, v. 28 http://doi.org/10.1006/jasc.2001.0698
  • Jones, AM., O'Connell, TC., Young, ED., Scott, K., Buckingham, CM., Iacumin, P. and Brasier, MD., 2001. Biogeochemical data from well preserved 200 ka collagen and skeletal remains EARTH PLANET SC LETT, v. 193 http://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00474-5
  • 2000

  • Dickson, JH., Oeggl, K., Holden, TG., Handley, LL., O'Connell, TC. and Preston, T., 2000. The omnivorous Tyrolean Iceman: Colon contents (meat, cereals, pollen, moss and whipworm) and stable isotope analyses Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, v. 355 http://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2000.0739
  • 1999

  • Macko, SA., Engel, MH., Andrusevich, V., Lubec, G., O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, RE., 1999. Documenting the diet in ancient human populations through stable isotope analysis of hair Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, v. 354 http://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1999.0360
  • O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, RE., 1999. Investigations into the effect of diet on modern human hair isotopic values Am J Phys Anthropol, v. 108 http://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199904)108:4<409::AID-AJPA3>3.0.CO;2-E
  • 1997

  • O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, REM., 1997. An improved method for measuring racemization of amino acids from archaeological bone Ancient Biomolecules, v. 1
  • Datasets

    2021

  • Beresford-Jones, D., Pomeroy, E., Alday, C., Benfer, R., Quilter, J., O'Connell, T. and Lightfoot, E., 2021. Research data supporting "Diet and lifestyle in the first villages of the Middle Preceramic: insights from stable isotope and osteological analyses of human remains from Paloma, Chilca I, La Yerba III and Morro I" http://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.63764
  • 2020

  • Suryanarayan, A., Cubas, M., Craig, OE., Heron, CP., Shinde, V., Singh, RN., O'Connell, T. and Petrie, C., 2020. Dataset supporting Suryanarayan et al., 2020, 'Lipid residues in pottery from the Indus Civilisation in northwest India', Journal of Archaeological Science http://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.54273
  • 2019 (No publication date)

  • O'Connell, T., Ballantyne, R., Hamilton-Dyer, S., Margaritis, E., Oxford, S., Pantano, W., Millett, M. and Keay, S., 2019 (No publication date). Research data supporting [Living and Dying at the Portus Romae]
  • 2015 (No publication date)

  • Lightfoot, E. and O'Connell, TC., 2015 (No publication date). Research data supporting: "On the Use of Biomineral Oxygen Isotope Data to Identify Human Migrants in the Archaeological Record: Intra-Sample Variation, Statistical Methods and Geographical Considerations"
  • Book chapters

    2020

  • Petrie, C., Singh, R., Jones, P., O'Connell, T. and Jones, M., Myrdal, E. (ed.), 2020. Investigating adaptation to climate change in the archaeological record: a conceptual framework and an isotopic approach in the Indus Civilisation, Dev Publishers and Distributors http://doi.org/10.17863/CAM.82761
  • 2019

  • Power, R., Nikita, E., Mattingly, D., Mirazon Lahr, M. and O'Connell, T., Gatto, M., Mattingly, D., Ray, N. and Sterry, M. (eds.), 2019. Human Mobility and Identity: Variation, Diet and Migration in Relation to the Garamantes of Fazzan, Cambridge University Press http://doi.org/10.1017/9781108634311.004
  • 2012

  • O'Connell, TC. and Hullb, BD., 2012. Diet: Recent Evidence from Analytical Chemical Techniques http://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199212149.013.0034
  • 2005

  • O'Connell, TC., Tobin, DJ. (ed.), 2005. Hair and nutrient/diet assessment, Royal Society of Chemistry
  • O'Connell, TC. and Pike, AWG., Worsfold, PJ., Townshend, A. and Poole, CF. (eds.), 2005. Mass spectrometry: Archaeological applications, Elsevier
  • Privat, K., O'Connell, TC., Neal, K. and Hedges, REM., Mulville, J. and Outram, A. (eds.), 2005. Fermented dairy product analysis and palaeodietary repercussions: Is stable isotope analysis not cheesy enough?, Oxbow Books
  • 2003

  • O'Connell, TC., Levine, MA. and Hedges, REM., Levine, MA., Renfrew, AC. and Boyle, K. (eds.), 2003. The importance of fish in the diet of central Eurasian peoples from the Mesolithic to the Early Iron Age, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
  • Conference proceedings

    2020

  • Beck, J., Ciugudean, HI., Quinn, CP., Uhner, C., Pare, CF., Bolan, G., Burlacu-Timofte, R. and O'Connell, TC., 2020. Life at the crossroads: Isotopic investigations of diet and mobility in late prehistoric Transylvania AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 171
  • Scheib, CL., Guellil, M., Hagan, R., Keller, M., Inskip, SA., Cessford, C., Hui, R., D'Atanasio, E., Dittmar, J., Rose, AA., Mulder, B., Mitchell, P., O'Connell, TC., Herbig, A., Krause, J., Warinner, T., Kivisild, T. and Robb, JE., 2020. Investigating human-pathogen evolution using ancient genomics and proteomics AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 171
  • 2018

  • Rose, A., O'Connell, T., Cessford, C., Dittmar, J., Inskip, S., Kivisild, T., Mitchell, P., Mulder, B., Scheib, C., Stock, J., Price, M. and Robb, J., 2018. Diet through time in Cambridgeshire, England: Evidence from isotopic analysis and skeletal stature AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 165
  • 2017

  • Correia, MA., Foley, R., O'Connell, T., Ramirez-Rozzi, F. and Lahr, MM., 2017. Modern human hair, nail and breath isotopic signals and their relevance to diet assessment in the past AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 162
  • 2004

  • Shin, JY., O'Connell, TC., Black, S. and Hedges, R., 2004. Differentiating bone osteonal turnover rates by density fractionation; validation using the bomb C-14 atmospheric pulse RADIOCARBON, v. 46
  • 1999

  • O'Connell, TC. and Hedges, REM., 1999. Isotopic comparison of hair and bone: Archaeological analyses JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE, v. 26 http://doi.org/10.1006/jasc.1998.0383
  • Teaching and Supervisions

    Teaching: 

    At undergraduate level, I  contribute to core and optional courses in the Archaeology tripos.

    At masters level, I  contribute to core and optional courses in the MSc, including practical projects, covering aspects of archaeological science.

    Research supervision: 

    I supervise students on a range of topics covering archaeological and ecological applications of isotopic analyses, usually as a co-supervisor with an archaeological or ecological expert.  I am interested in supervising students who wish to study for an MPhil or a PhD in the following topics: nitrogen metabolism, anthropological and epidemiological studies, 'big isotopic data'.

    As well as the research students listed below, I supervise Masters and undergraduate projects on a range of bioarchaeological topics.

    Current Students:

    • Tiago Hermenegildo
    • Laura Courto
    • Emily Tilby
    • Danny Buss

     

    Past Students:

    • Kate Boulden
    • Lauren Cadwallader
    • Michael Campana
    • Maria Ana Correia
    • Lindsey Friedman
    • Catherine Horswill (British Antarctic Survey) (co-supervisor)
    • Penny Jones
    • Sam Leggett
    • Emma Lightfoot
    • Suzie Pilaar-Birch
    • Amy Prendergast
    • Alexander Pryor
    • Hazel Reade
    • Alice Rose
    • Akshyeta Suryanarayan
    • Nicola Rodgers (Anglia Ruskin University) (co-supervisor)
    • Pre-Cambridge: Karen Privat (Oxford), Rebecca Lewis (Durham)

    Other Professional Activities

    • NERC Peer Review College Member: 2020-
    • NERC Environmental Isotope Facility Strategy Group Member: 2020-2024
    • NERC Isotope Geosciences Facility Steering Committee Member: 2016-2020
    • NERC Radiocarbon Facility Steering Committee Member: 2010-2016
    • NERC Services Review Group Committee Member: 2012
    • Regular peer reviewer for grant applications to NERC, AHRC, the Wellcome Trust, Leakey Foundation
    • Associate Editor of the journal Archaeometry (since 2004)
    • Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry
    • Member of the British Mass Spectrometry Society
    • Member of the Society of Archaeological Sciences

    Job Titles

    Head of the Department of Archaeology, Reader in Isotopic Ecology
    Fellow of Trinity Hall
    Director of Studies, Trinity Hall
    OConnell_Tamsin

    General Info

    Takes PhD students
    Not available for consultancy
    Research Expertise / Fields of study: 
    Human Palaeoecology
    Biomolecular Archaeology

    Contact Details

    tco21 [at] cam.ac.uk
    01223 (3)39344

    Affiliations

    Person keywords: 
    Stable Isotope Analysis
    Prehistory
    Migration and Mobility
    The Mediterranean
    The Body
    Bioarchaeology
    Archaeology
    Subjects: 
    Archaeological Science
    Archaeology
    Themes: 
    Science, Technology and Innovation
    Environment, Landscapes and Settlement
    Material Culture
    Rethinking Complexity
    Geographical areas: 
    Africa
    Britain
    Europe
    South Asia
    Periods of interest: 
    Classical - Roman
    Medieval
    Other Prehistory
    Post-Medieval