skip to content
 

Tools

CuneifyPlus: converts transliterations to cuneiform, and generates bespoke sign lists

Keilschriftbibliothek (KeiBi): search by author and title; esp. good for tracking down reviews of a particular book, seeing what a given author has published, or finding works with a specific word or phrase in the title.

SAA search: search by tablet number/siglum to see if/where it has been published in the SAA series.

Dictionaries

ePSD (electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary)

Walter Sommerfeld's Sumerian Glossary (several versions) 

The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary (CAD) - all volumes downloadable here

P. Attinger, Lexique sumérien-français (published online, 2019)

F. Delitzsch, Assyrisches Handwörterbuch (Leipzig, 1894) [not up-to-date, but of great historical interest]

W. Muss-Arnolt, A Concise Dictionary of the Assyrian Language, vol. 1 (Berlin, 1894), vol. 2 (Berlin, 1905) [not up-to-date, but of historical interest]

von Soden, W. Akkadisches Handwörterbuch, on Google Books: vol. 1, vol. 2vol. 3.

Supplement to the Akkadian Dictionaries (eSAD) - also as published volumes

Justifications, Addenda and Corrigenda for A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian (CDA)

Fascicle dates for AHw

fascicle pages date
1 1-80 1959
2 81-176 1959
3 177-272 1960
4 273-368 1962
5 369-464 1963
6 465-568 1965
7 569-664 1966
8 665-760 1967
9 761-856 1969
10 857-952 1971
11 953-1064 1972
12 1065-1160 1974
13 1161-1256 1976
14 1257-1352 1977
15 1353-1448 1979
16 1149-1592 1981

Volume dates for CAD

 

Volume   Publication date
A/1 1964
A/2 1968
B 1965
D 1959
E 1958
G 1956
1956
I-J 1960
K 1971
L 1973
M/1 1977
M/2 1977
N/1 1980
N/2 1980
P 2005
Q 1982
R 1999
S 1984
Ṣ (tsade)   1962
Š/1 1989
Š/2 1992
Š/3 1992
T 2006
Ṭ (tet) 2006
U-W 2010
U 2010
Z 1961

 

Abbreviations

The CDLI maintains a list of abbreviations for Assyriology.

 

Websites of editions, translations and databases

Achemenet

Access here.  Edits written sources (including, but not confined to, those in cuneiform) dating to the Persian Empire, with French translations.

Archibab

Access here, and see Christoph Schmidhuber's tutorial video:

 

The Codex Hammurapi

Online edition (in German) by Walter Sommerfeld.

The Cuneiform Commentaries Project (CCP)

Accessible here.  Edits Babylonian and Assyrian commentaries.

The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI)

Access here.

Searching CDLI

The CDLI is very particular about how you enter search criteria (includingly seemingly redundant zeros).

To search for a number in a format such as ’79-7-8, 28’: search by accession number, following the format ‘1879-07-08, 0028’.

To search for an A number (Mari): search by accession number, following the format ‘A 00002’.

To search for an AO number (the Louvre): search by accession number, following the format 'AO 06453'.

To search for a BM (British Museum) number: search by collection number, following the format ‘BM 012345’

To search for a CBS (Catalogue of the Babylonian Section, Penn Museum) number: search by collection number, following the format ‘CBS 09219’

To search for an IM (Iraq Museum) number: search by collection number, following the format ‘IM 062827’.

To search for a K number (Kuyunjik): into the search field ‘accession number’ (not ‘collection’) enter your query in the format of K, space, five-digit number (adding zeros at the front as necessary), e.g. ‘K 00341’.

To search for an N number (Nippur): search by collection number, following the format ‘N 0123’.

To search for an Rm number: search by accession number, following the format ‘Rm 1234’ or ‘Rm 2, 123’.

To search for an Sm (Smith) number: search by accession number, following the format ‘Sm 1234’.

To search for a VAT (Vorderasiatische Texte) number: search by collection number, following the format ‘VAT 01234’.

Database of Neo-Sumerian Texts

Access here.  Contains transliterations, mostly of Ur-III economic/administrative tablets.

concordance ('Glossar') has been prepared by Walter Sommerfeld.

The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL)

Access here.  Contains composite transliterations and free translations of most works of Sumerian literature from the Old Babylonian period.

Ebla Digital Archives

Access here. Contains transliterations and photos of tablets from Ebla.

Old Babylonian Text Corpus

Access here.  Includes transliterations of many OB texts (hence overlaps with Archibab).

Prosobab

Access here.

The Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus (ORACC)

Access here.  A huge repository of editions, comprising many sub-projects.  Several are listed separately here.

State Archives of Assyria Online

Access here.

To go to particular volume, follow the format http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/saa01/

To see all the letter titles in a given volume, follow the format

http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/saa17/pager

To go to a particular tablet, use the tablet's CDLI number following the format http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/saao/P334390/html

Sources of Early Akkadian Literature (SEAL)

Access here.  Edits Old and Middle Babylonian literature, with glossaries.

 

Websites of PDFs 

Etana 'core texts' - contains many old publications

HathiTrust digital library - contains many old publications

Archive.org - contains many old publications

 

Journals

Aula Orientalis (AuOr)

All volumes can be accessed here.

Archiv für Orientforschung (AfO)

All but the most recent volumes can be accessed here via Jstor.

Iraq

All but the most recent volumes can be accessed here via Jstor.

Journal of Ancient Civilizations

Many volumes can be accessed here.

Journal of Cuneiform Studies (JCS)

All but the most recent volumes can be accessed here via Jstor.

Journal of Near Eastern Studies (JNES)

All but the most recent volumes can be accessed here via Jstor.

Journal of the American Oriental Society (JAOS)

All but the most recent volumes can be accessed here via Jstor.

Nouvelles Assyriologiques Brèves et Utilitaires (NABU)

All volumes can be accessed here.

Revue d’Assyriologie (RA)

Recent volumes are open access here.  Older ones are accessible here via JSTOR.

Zeitschrift für Assyriologie (ZA)

Volumes up to 1938 are accessible at http://menadoc.bibliothek.uni-halle.de/dmg/periodical/structure/2374

 

Book series

Assyriological Studies (AS)

All volumes downloadable here.

Assyriologische Bibliothek (AB)

Volumes available online are listed here.

The Babylonian Expedition (BE)

Volumes available online are listed here.

Bibliotheca Mesopotamica (Undena Publications)

All volumes available here.

Cuneiform Texts (CT)

All volumes available here or (listed in numerical order) here.

Keilinschriftliche Bibliothek (KB)

Volumes available online are listed here.

Keilschrifttexte aus Assur literarischen Inhalts (KAL)

All volumes available here.

Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis (OBO)

All volumes available here

Publications of the Babylonian Section, University Museum, Philadelphia (PBS)

Volumes available online are listed here.

Individual books

Many old books are available through archive.org and hathitrust.org.  Here is a sample of those which people are likeliest to use.

Ebeling, E. Keischrifttexte aus Assur religiösen Inhalts (KAR), vol 1 (1919) and vol 2 (1919).

Flückiger-Hawker, E. Urnamma of Ur in Sumerian Literary Tradition (Freiburg/Göttingen, 1999).

Gantzert, M. The Emar Lexical Texts (unpublished PhD dissertation, Leiden, 2011).

Gelb, I. J. Old Akkadian Writing and Grammar (Chicago, 1952).

George, A. R. Gilgamesh (two vols, Oxford, 2003).  Also on Google Books: vol. 1 and vol. 2.

George, A. R. Babylonian Topographical Texts (Leuven, 1992).

Jagersma, A. H. A Descriptive Grammar of Sumerian (unpublished PhD Thesis, Leiden, 2010).

Maul, S. M. Zukunftsbewältigung: eine Untersuchung altorientalischen Denkens anhand der babylonisch-assyrischen Löserituale (Mainz, 1994).

Mittermayer C. and Attinger, P. Altbabylonische Zeichenliste der sumerisch-literarischen Texte (Freiburg/Göttingen, 2006).

Oppenheim, A. L. Dreams in the Ancient Near East (Philadelphia, 1956).

Oppenheim, A. L. Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilisation (rev. ed. Chicago, 1977).

Stol, M. Women in the Ancient Near East (Berlin, 2016).

Thureau-Dangin, F. Une relation de la huitième campagne de Sargon (714 av. J.-C.) (TCL III) (Paris, 1912).

Zimmern, H. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Babylonischen Religion (Leipzig, 1901).

Zólyomi, G. An Introduction to the Grammar of Sumerian (Budapest, 2017)

Links to Works by Individual Researchers

We list here non-profit sites (NB this excludes academia.edu) that link to open-access publications by individual researchers.  Please send additions to Martin Worthington (mjw65@cam.ac.uk).

Attinger, P.

Buccellati, G.

Foxvog, D. A.

Maul, S. M.

Sallaberger, W.

Volk, K. 

Zaia, S.

Webpages about Archaeological Sites

Mari (in French)