skip to primary navigationskip to content
 

Dr James Barrett

Dr James Barrett

Reader in Medieval Archaeology

Leverhulme Major Research Fellow

Courtyard Building
McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research

Office Phone: 01223 339287

Research Interests

I specialise in medieval archaeology and historical ecology, with special interests in the trade of fish, furs and ivory. I am particularly drawn to the complex links between rural producers of the north and urban communities around the Irish, North and Baltic Seas. Thus I am also fascinated by the construction of local (including island) identities and by the causes and consequences of commercialisation (social, economic and ecological). In current jargon I am equally interested in Globalisation and Glocalisation.

In methodological terms most of my research has involved the combination of archaeological science, medieval archaeology and history, with the ultimate aim of reconciling archaeology's divergent scientific and humanistic traditions. I started academic life as a zooarchaeologist, but have since been directly or indirectly involved in applying a diverse range of techniques. As a proponent of the holistic study of historical ecology, I am equally interested in the study of ecofacts (bones, plant remains, soils, etc.) and artefacts. My main current project (Northern Journeys: Re-imagining the Medieval Revolution, funded by the Leverhulme Trust) combines the study of fish bones, walrus ivory and whetstones as proxies for north-south trade. My collaborative projects range from Tracking Viking-assisted Dispersal of Biodiversity using Ancient DNA (led by the University of Oslo with funding from the Research Council of Norway) to rescuing the archaeology of reindeer hunting sites melting out of ice patches in Jotunheimen (led by Oppland County Council). Meanwhile I also retain an interest in the field archaeology of Viking Age and medieval sites in Scotland. Having previously published fieldwork at Quoygrew, I am now coordinating the post-excavation phase of the Brough of Deerness project.  

Between 2007 and 2014 much of my life was dedicated to enhancing the research community, research culture and physical infrastructure of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, of which I was the Deputy Director. While I am on research leave this role is kindly being covered by Dr Simon Stoddart. As time allows, I nevertheless continue to exercise an interest in enabling research through roles in the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the Icelandic Research Fund and the Oceans Past Platform, a network of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) led by Trinity College Dublin. I am also enthusiastic about promoting a new open-access journal, The Medieval Globe, led by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

On-line and in the News

How the Tudors got their Fish

Archaeologists: Hunting the Hunters

Global Approaches to the Middle Ages

Research Collaborators

Current Internal Collaborators                              Current External Collaborators                                        

Research Supervision

Past Postdoctoral Research Fellows:

Rachel Ballantyne (employed on the project The Ecological Correlates of Viking Age State Formation, funded by the Isaac Newton Trust and the Avaldsnes Royal Manor Project, Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo), Environmental Archaeology Coordinator, Cambridge Archaeological Unit

James Gerrard (employed on the project Crisis, what Crisis? Collapses and 'Dark Ages' in Comparative Perspective, funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Isaac Newton Trust), Lecturer in Roman Archaeology, Newcastle University

Jennifer Harland (employed on the project Investigating the Origins of Commercial Sea Fishing in Medieval Europe, funded by the Leverhulme Trust), Lecturer, Archaeology Institute, University of the Highlands and Islands

Cluny Johnstone (employed on the project Investigating the Origins of Commercial Sea Fishing in Medieval Europe, funded by the Leverhulme Trust), smallholding enthusiast, rural Yorkshire

David Orton (employed on the project Ancient DNA, Cod and the Origins of Commercial Trade in Medieval Europe, funded by the Leverhulme Trust), Lecturer in Zooarchaeology, University of York

Current PhD Students:

Claire Ratican (Viking Age multiple burial)

Past PhD Students (Cambridge):

Ben Cartwright (Making the cloth that binds us: the role of spinning and weaving in crafting the communities of Viking Age Atlantic Scotland), Collections Curator, South Asian Collection, South Asian Decorative Arts and Crafts Collection Trust, Norwich

Aaron Critch ('How are princely gifts repaid by your powerful friends?': ring-money and the appropriation of tradition in Insular Viking politics, ad 900–1065), Development Assistant, St Catharine's College, University of Cambridge

Tessa de Roo (Charting the nautical routes from Scandinavia in the early Viking Age), Associate Editor, PLOS

Andrew Woods (Economy and authority: a study of the coinage of Hiberno-Scandinavian Dublin and Ireland, also supervised by Mark Blackburn), Curator of Numismatics, York Museums Trust

Past PhD Students (York):

Steve Ashby (Time, trade and identity: bone and antler combs in northern Britain c. AD 700–1400) Senior Lecturer, Department of Archaeology, University of York

Eva Fairnell (Fur-bearing species: a zooarchaeological meta-analysis of their presence and use across three regions of Britain, also supervised by Terry O'Connor), Scientific, technical and medical copy-editor

Jennifer Harland (Zooarchaeology in the Viking Age to medieval Northern Isles, Scotland: an investigation of spatial and temporal patterning), Lecturer, Archaeology Institute, University of the Highlands and Islands

Brian Rahn ('There is a great abundance of all things': locational analysis (GIS) and anthropology of the Orcadian Middle Iron Age), Archaeological survey and IT consultant

Teaching

From 2014 to 2017 I will be on a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship to complete a project (Northern Journeys) on Northern European trade between AD 900 and 1400.

Key Publications

Star, B, Boessenkool, S, Gondek, A T, Nikulina, E A, Hufthammer, A K, Pampoulie, C, Knutsen, H, André, C, Nistelberger, H M, Dierking, J, Petereit, C, Heinrich, D, Jakobsen, K S, Stenseth, N C, Jentoft, S and Barrett, J H, 2017 'Ancient DNA reveals the Arctic origin of Viking Age cod from Haithabu, Germany', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 10.1073/pnas.1710186114,

Barrett, J H and Orton, D C, (eds) 2016 Cod and Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing, Oxbow Books, Oxford

Barrett, J H, 2016 'Studying medieval sea fishing and fish trade: How and why', in J H Barrett and D C Orton (eds), Cod and Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 1-10

Barrett, J H, 2016 'Medieval sea fishing AD 500–1550: Chronology, causes and consequences', in J H Barrett and D C Orton (eds), Cod and Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 250-271

Harland, J F, Jones, A K G, Orton, D C and Barrett, J H, 2016 'Fishing and fish trade in medieval York: The zooarchaeological evidence', in J H Barrett and D C Orton (eds), Cod and Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 172-204

Makowiecki, D, Orton, D C and Barrett, J H, 2016 'Cod and herring in medieval Poland', in J H Barrett and D C Orton (eds), Cod and Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 117-132

Orton, D C, Locker, A, Morris, J and Barrett, J H, 2016 'Fish for London', in J H Barrett and D C Orton (eds), Cod and Herring: The Archaeology and History of Medieval Sea Fishing, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 205-214

Barrett, J H and Gibbon, S J, (eds) 2015 Maritime Societies of the Viking and Medieval World, Maney/Society for Medieval Archaeology, Leeds

Barrett, J H, 2015 'Maritime societies and the transformation of the Viking Age and medieval world', in J H Barrett and S J Gibbon (eds), Maritime Societies of the Viking and Medieval World, Maney/Society for Medieval Archaeology, Leeds, 1-13

Hutchinson, W F, Culling, M, Orton, D C, Hänfling, B, Lawson Handley, L, Hamilton-Dyer, S, O’Connell, T C, Richards, M P and Barrett, J H, 2015 'The globalization of naval provisioning: Ancient DNA and stable isotope analyses of stored cod from the wreck of the Mary Rose, AD 1545', Royal Society Open Science 2, 150199

Montgomery, J, Grimes, V, Buckberry, J, Evans, J A, Richards, M P and Barrett, J H, 2014 'Finding Vikings with isotope analysis: The view from wet and windy islands', Journal of the North Atlantic 7, 54-70

Orton, D C, Morris, J, Locker, A and Barrett, J H, 2014 'Fish for the city: Meta-analysis of archaeological cod remains and the growth of London’s northern trade', Antiquity 88, 516–530

Nehlich, O, Barrett, J H and Richards, M P, 2013 'Spatial variability in sulphur isotope values of archaeological and modern cod (Gadus morhua)', Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 27, 2255–2262

Barrett, J H, (ed) 2012 Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge

Barrett, J H, 2012 'Introduction: The study of island societies', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 1-10

Barrett, J H, 2012 'Viking Age and medieval Orkney', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 11-24

Barrett, J H, 2012 'Being an islander', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 275-292

Barrett, J H, Farr, L R, Redhouse, D, Richer, S, Zimmermann, J, Sharpe, L, Ovenden, S, Moore, J, Poller, T, Milek, K B, Simpson, I A, Smith, M, Gourley, B and O'Connor, T, 2012 'Quoygrew and its landscape context', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 25-46

Barrett, J H and Gerrard, J F, 2012 'The Quoygrew sequence', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 47-96

Barrett, J H and Harland, J F, 2012 'Ecofact recovery and patterns of deposition', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 97-102

Barrett, J H and Richards, M P, 2012 'Feeding the livestock: The stable isotope evidence', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 199-206

Batey, C E, Forster, A K, Jones, R E, Gaunt, G, Breckenridge, F J, Bunbury, J and Barrett, J H, 2012 'Local availability and long-range trade: The worked stone assemblage', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 207-228

Hall, D W, Blackmore, L, Haggarty, G, Chenery, S, Gallagher, D, Batey, C E and Barrett, J H, 2012 'Interpreting the ceramics and glass', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 255-274

Harland, J F and Barrett, J H, 2012 'The maritime economy: Fish bone', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 115-138

Harland, J F, Bennett, R A, Andrews, J I, O'Connor, T and Barrett, J H, 2012 'Fowling: The bird bones', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 155-160

Milner, N and Barrett, J H, 2012 'The maritime economy: Mollusc shell', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 103-114

Rogers, N S H, Batey, C E, Holmes, N M M and Barrett, J H, 2012 'The metal finds and their implications', in J H Barrett (ed), Being an Islander: Production and Identity at Quoygrew, Orkney, AD 900–1600, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 245-254

Surge, D and Barrett, J H, 2012 'Marine climatic seasonality during medieval times (10th to 12th centuries) based on isotopic records in Viking Age shells from Orkney, Scotland', Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 350-52, 236-246

Barrett, J H, Orton, D, Johnstone, C, Harland, J, Neer, W V, Ervynck, A, Roberts, C, Locker, A, Amundsen, C, Enghoff, I B, Hamilton-Dyer, S, Heinrich, D, Hufthammer, A K, Jones, A K G, Jonsson, L, Makowiecki, D, Pope, P, O'Connell, T C, de Roo, T and Richards, M, 2011 'Interpreting the expansion of sea fishing in medieval Europe using stable isotope analysis of archaeological cod bones', Journal of Archaeological Science 38, 1516-1524

Barrett, J H, 2011 'Navigating crisis and collapse: A commentary', Archaeological Review from Cambridge 26.1, 137-143

Orton, D C, Makowiecki, D, de Roo, T, Johnstone, C, Harland, J, Jonsson, L, Heinrich, D, Enghoff, I B, Lougas, L, Neer, W V, Ervynck, A, Hufthammer, A K, Amundsen, C, Jones, A K G, Locker, A, Hamilton-Dyer, S, Pope, P, MacKenzie, B R, Richards, M, O’Connell, T C and Barrett, J H, 2011 'Stable isotope evidence for late medieval (14th–15th C) origins of the eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua) fishery', PLoS ONE 6(11), e27568

Russell, N, Cook, G T, Ascough, P, Barrett, J H and Dugmore, A, 2011 'Species specific marine radiocarbon reservoir effect: A comparison of ΔR values between Patella vulgata (limpet) shell carbonate and Gadus morhua (Atlantic cod) bone collagen', Journal of Archaeological Science 38, 1008-1015

Anderson, A, Barrett, J H and Boyle, K V, (eds) 2010 The Global Origins and Development of Seafaring, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge

Barrett, J H, 2010 'Rounding up the usual suspects: Causation and the Viking Age diaspora', in A Anderson, J H Barrett and K V Boyle (eds), The Global Origins and Development of Seafaring, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 289-302

Barrett, J H and Anderson, A, 2010 'Histories of global seafaring: A discussion', in A Anderson, J H Barrett and K V Boyle (eds), The Global Origins and Development of Seafaring, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge, 305-314

Barrett, J H, 2010 'The fish bone', in C Harding, E Marlow-Mann and S Wrathmell (eds), The Post-medieval Farm and Vicarage Sites: Wharram, a Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, XII, York University Archaeological Publications 14, York, 337-340

Gerrard, J and Barrett, J, 2010 'An enigmatic Viking-age nucleated settlement in Orkney', Medieval Archaeology 54, 423-429

Barrett, J H and Slater, A, 2009 'New excavations at the Brough of Deerness: Power and religion in Viking Age Scotland', Journal of the North Atlantic 2, 81-94

Parks, R and Barrett, J, 2009 'The zooarchaeology of Sand', in K Hardy and C Wickham-Jones (eds), Mesolithic and Later Sites around the Inner Sound, Scotland: The Work of the Scotland’s First Settlers Project 1998-2004, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, http://www.sair.org.uk/sair31, Edinburgh

Parks, R L and Barrett, J, 2009 'Fish bone', in S Lucy, J Tipper and A Dickens (eds), The Anglo-Saxon Settlement and Cemetery at Bloodmore Hill, Carlton Colville, Suffolk, East Anglian Archaeology 131, Cambridge Archaeological Unit, Cambridge, 304-306

Bailey, G, Barrett, J, Craig, O and Milner, N, 2008 'Historical ecology of the North Sea basin: An archaeological perspective and some problems of methodology', in T Rick and J Erlandson (eds), Human Impacts on Ancient Marine Ecosystems: A Global Perspective, University of California Press, Berkeley, 216-242

Barrett, J, Johnstone, C, Harland, J, Van Neer, W, Ervynck, A, Makowiecki, D, Heinrich, D, Hufthammer, A K, Enghoff, I B, Amundsen, C, Christiansen, J S, Jones, A K G, Locker, A, Hamilton-Dyer, S, Jonsson, L, Lõugas, L, Roberts, C and Richards, M, 2008 'Detecting the medieval cod trade: A new method and first results', Journal of Archaeological Science 35, 850-861

Barrett, J, Melikian, M and Richards, M, 2008 'The dietary study’, in R. Toolis (ed), ‘Excavation of medieval graves at St Thomas’ Kirk, Hall of Rendall, Orkney’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland 138, 252-255

Barrett, J H, 2008 'The Norse in Scotland', in S Brink and N Price (eds), The Viking World, Routledge, London, 411-427

Barrett, J H, 2008 'What caused the Viking Age?', Antiquity 82, 671-685

Kettle, A J, Heinrich, D, Barrett, J H, Benecke, N and Locker, A, 2008 'Past distributions of the European freshwater eel from archaeological and palaeontological evidence', Quaternary Science Reviews 1309-1334

Barrett, J, Hall, A, Johnstone, C, Kenward, H, O'Connor, T and Ashby, S, 2007 'Interpreting the plant and animal remains from Viking-age Kaupang', in D Skre (ed), Kaupang in Skiringssal, Aarhus University Press, Aarhus, 283-319

Barrett, J H, 2007 'The pirate fishermen: The political economy of a medieval maritime society', in B B Smith, S Taylor and G Williams (eds), West over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300, Brill, Leiden, 299-340

Barrett, J H, 2007 'Sea fishing and long-term socio-economic trends in North-western Europe', in J Graham-Campbell and M Valor (eds), The Archaeology of Medieval Europe Vol. 1: Eighth to Twelfth centuries AD, Aarhus University Press, Aarhus, 201-203

Dobney, K, Jaques, D, Barrett, J and Johnstone, C, 2007 Farmers, Monks and Aristocrats: The Environmental Archaeology of an Anglo-Saxon Estate Centre at Flixborough, North Lincolnshire, UK, Oxbow Books, Oxford

Dobney, K, Jaques, D, Johnstone, C, Hall, A, Barrett, J, Herman, J, Carrott, J and Slater, D, 2007 'The agricultural economy and resource procurement', in C Loveluck (ed), Rural Settlement, Lifestyles and Social Change in the Later First Millennium AD: Anglo-Saxon Flixborough in its Wider Context, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 87-98

Fairnell, E H and Barrett, J H, 2007 'Fur-bearing species and Scottish islands', Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 463-484

Loveluck, C, Dobney, K and Barrett, J, 2007 'Trade and exchange: The settlement and the wider world', in C Loveluck (ed), Rural Settlement, Lifestyles and Social Change in the Later First Millennium AD: Anglo-Saxon Flixborough in its Wider Context, Oxbow Books, Oxford, 112-129

Milner, N, Barrett, J and Welsh, J, 2007 'Marine resource intensification in Viking Age Europe: The molluscan evidence from Quoygrew, Orkney', Journal of Archaeological Science 34, 1461-1472

O'Connor, T P and Barrett, J H, 2006 'Animal bones', in J Balme and A Paterson (eds), Archaeology in Practice: A Student Guide to Archaeological Analyses, Blackwell, Oxford, 260-295

Barrett, J H, 2005 'Economic intensification in Viking Age and medieval Orkney, Scotland: Excavations at Quoygrew', in A Mortensen and S V Arge (eds), Viking and Norse in the North Atlantic: Select Papers from the Proceedings of the Fourteenth Viking Congress, Tórshavn, 19-30 July 2001, Føroya Fróðskaparfelag, Annales Societatis Scientiarum Færoensis Supplementum XLIV, Tórshavn, 264-283

Barrett, J H, 2005 'Svein Asleifarson and 12th-century Orcadian society', in O Owen (ed), The World of Orkneyinga Saga, The Orcadian, Kirkwall, 213-223

Barrett, J H, 2005 'The fish bone', in C Treen and M Atkin (eds), Water Resources and their Management: Wharram, a Study of Settlement on the Yorkshire Wolds, X, York University Archaeological Publications 12, York, 169-175

Barrett, J H, 2005 'Animal bones from Smoo Cave', in T Pollard (ed), The Excavation of Four Caves in the Geodha Smoo near Durness, Sutherland, Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Edinburgh, 23-27

Simpson, I A, Barrett, J H and Milek, K B, 2005 'Interpreting the Viking Age to medieval period transition in Norse Orkney through cultural soil and sediment analyses', Geoarchaeology 20, 355-377

Barrett, J H, 2004 'Swein Asleiffson', in H C G Matthew and B Harrison (eds), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Oxford, http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/49359

Barrett, J H, 2004 'Beyond war or peace: The study of culture contact in Viking-age Scotland', in J Hines, A Lane and M Redknap (eds), Land, Sea and Home: Proceedings of a Conference on Viking-period Settlement, Maney, Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 20, Leeds, 207-218

Barrett, J H, Locker, A M and Roberts, C M, 2004 'The origin of intensive marine fishing in medieval Europe: The English evidence', Proceedings of the Royal Society B 271, 2417-2421

Barrett, J H, Locker, A M and Roberts, C M, 2004 ''Dark Age Economics' revisited: The English fish bone evidence AD 600-1600', Antiquity 78, 618-636

Barrett, J H and Richards, M P, 2004 'Identity, gender, religion and economy: New isotope and radiocarbon evidence for marine resource intensification in early historic Orkney, Scotland', European Journal of Archaeology 7, 249-271

Barrett, J H, (ed) 2003 Contact, Continuity and Collapse: The Norse colonization of the North Atlantic, Brepols, Studies in the Early Middle Ages, Turnhout

Barrett, J H, 2003 'Introduction', in J H Barrett (ed), Contact, Continuity and Collapse: The Norse colonization of the North Atlantic, Brepols, Studies in the Early Middle Ages, Turnhout, 1-7

Barrett, J H, 2003 'Culture contact in Viking Age Scotland', in J H Barrett (ed), Contact, Continuity and Collapse: The Norse colonization of the North Atlantic, Brepols, Studies in the Early Middle Ages, Turnhout, 73-111

Barrett, J H, 2003 'Christian and pagan practice during the conversion of Viking Age Orkney and Shetland', in M Carver (ed), The Cross Goes North, Boydell Press, Woodbridge, 207-226

Barrett, J H, 2003 'Excavations at Quoygrew (Orkney, Scotland) and the growth of the mediaeval fish trade', in M Pieters, F Verhaeghe, G Gevaert, J Mees and J Seys (eds), Colloquium: Fishery, Trade and Piracy - Fishermen and Fishermen's Settlements in and Around the North Sea Area in the Middle Ages and Later, Instituut voor het Archeologisch Patrimonium Rapport 13, Oostende, 8-12

Harland, J F, Barrett, J H, Carrott, J, Dobney, K and Jaques, D, 2003 'The York System: An integrated zooarchaeological database for research and teaching', Internet Archaeology 13, http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue13/harland_index.html

Barrett, J H, 2002 'La pêche et l'économie maritime de l'Écosse scandinave', in E Ridel and P Bouet (eds), L'Héritage maritime des Vikings en Europe de L'Ouest, Presses Universitaires de Caen, Caen, 119-135

Barrett, J H, Beukens, R P and Nicholson, R A, 2001 'Diet and ethnicity during the Viking colonisation of northern Scotland: Evidence from fish bones and stable carbon isotopes', Antiquity 75, 145-154

Barrett, J, Beukens, R, Simpson, I, Ashmore, P, Poaps, S and Huntley, J, 2000 'What was the Viking Age and when did it happen? A view from Orkney', Norwegian Archaeological Review 33, 1-39

Barrett, J H, Beukens, R P and Brothwell, D R, 2000 'Radiocarbon dating and marine reservoir correction of Viking Age Christian burials from Orkney', Antiquity 74, 537-543

Barrett, J H, Nicholson, R A and Cerón-Carrasco, R, 1999 'Archaeo-ichthyological evidence for long-term socioeconomic trends in northern Scotland: 3500 BC to AD 1500', Journal of Archaeological Science 26, 353-388

Barrett, J H, 1997 'Fish trade in Norse Orkney and Caithness: A zooarchaeological approach', Antiquity 71, 616-638

Simpson, I A and Barrett, J H, 1996 'Interpretation of midden formation processes at Robert's Haven, Caithness, Scotland, using thin section micromorphology', Journal of Archaeological Science 23, 543-556

Barrett, J H, 1994 'Bone weight and the intra-class comparison of fish taxa', in W Van Neer (ed), Fish Exploitation in the Past: Proceedings of the 7th Meeting of the ICAZ Fish Remains Working Group, Musee Royal de L'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, 3-16

Morris, C D, Barrett, J H and Batey, C E, 1994 'The Viking and Early Settlement Archaeological Research Project. An archaeological research programme and recent results', in B Ambrosiani and H Clarke (eds), The Twelfth Viking Congress: Developments Around the Baltic and the North Sea in the Viking Age, The Birka Project, Stockholm, 144-158

Barrett, J H, 1993 'Bone weight, meat yield estimates and cod (Gadus morhua): A preliminary study of the weight method', International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 3, 1-18