skip to primary navigationskip to content

Prof. Nicholas Postgate

Prof. Nicholas Postgate

Senior Fellow, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research

Office: Room 204
Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies.

Office Phone: 01223 339328

Subject groups/Research projects

Urban Society and the State:

Research Interests

My research revolves round the social and economic history of the ancient Near East, with special emphasis on Sumer in the 3rd millennium BC and Assyria between 1400 and 600 BC. In particular I have published and edited Assyrian government and business archives, and excavated both a Sumerian city at Abu Salabikh in southern Iraq and a Bronze to Iron Age regional centre at Kilise Tepe in southern Turkey. A particular concern is the integration of written documentary evidence with the archaeological record.

Research Supervision

Past Students:

Rachel Fenton

Yagmur Heffron

Tevfik Emre Serifoglu

Olga Vinnichenko

Xianhua Wang

Key Publications


[1] Postgate J.N. (2013). Bronze Age Bureaucracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[2] Postgate J.N. and Ahmad A.Y. (2007). Archives from the Domestic Wing of the North-West Palace at Kalhu/Nimrud. Nabu Publications.
[3] Postgate J.N., Black J.A. and George A.R. (1999). A Concise Dictionary of Akkadian . Wiesbaden.
[4] Postgate J.N. and Fales F.M. (1995). Imperial Administrative Records, Part II: Provincial and Military Administration, (State Archives of Assyria.) Helsinki.
[5] Postgate J.N. and Ismail B.K. (1993). Texts from Niniveh. Baghdad.
[6] Postgate J.N. (1992). Early Mesopotamia: Society and Economy at the Dawn of History. London/New York: Routledge.
[7] Postgate J.N. and Fales F.M. (1992). Imperial Administrative Records, Part I: Palace Administration, (State Archives of Assyria.) Helsinki.
[8] Postgate J.N. and Steinkeller P. (1992). Third Millennium Legal and Administrative Texts in the Iraq Museum, Baghdad. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.
[9] Postgate J.N. (1988). The Archive of Urad-Serua and His Family: A Middle Assyrian Household in Government Service. Rome: Herder.
[10] Postgate J.N. and Dalley S.M. (1984). Tablets from Fort Shalmaneser . (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud, III.) London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
[11] Postgate J.N. (1977). The First Empires. Oxford: Elsevier-Phaidon.
[12] Postgate J.N. (1976). Fifty Neo-Assyrian Legal Documents. Warminster: Aris & Phillips.
[13] Postgate J.N. (1974). Taxation and Conscription in the Assyrian Empire. (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 3.) Roma: Pontifical Biblical Institute.
[14] Postgate J.N. (1973). The Governor’s Palace Archive. (Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud, II.) London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
[15] Postgate J.N. (1969). Neo-Assyrian Royal Grants and Decrees. (Studia Pohl, Series Maior 1.) Roma: Pontifical Biblical Institute.

Edited books

[1] J.N. Postgate and D.C. Thomas (eds.), (2007). Excavations at Kilise Tepe, 1994–1998: From Bronze Age to Byzantine in Western Cilicia. McDonald Institute/ British Institute at Ankara.
[2] J.N. Postgate (ed.), (2002). Artefacts of Complexity: Tracking the Uruk in the Near East, (Iraq Archaeological Reports.) London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
[3] J.N. Postgate, H.D. Baker and R.J. Matthews (eds.), (1993). Lost Heritage (Fascicule 2). British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
[4] J.N. Postgate (ed.), (1985). Graves 1 to 99. (Abu Salabikh Excavations, 2.) London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
[5] J.N. Postgate (ed.), (1983). The West Mound Surface Clearance. (Abu Salabikh Excavations, 1.) London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq.
[6] J.N. Postgate, M.A. Dandamayev, I. Gershevitch, H. Klengel and Komoroczy (eds.), (1982). Societies and Languages of the Ancient Near East: Studies in Honour of I.M. Diakonoff. Warminster: Aris & Phillips.

Articles & Chapters

[1] Postgate J.N.(2015). Government recording practices in Assyria and her neighbours and contemporaries. B.S. During (ed.), Understanding Hegemonic Practices of the Early Assyrian Empire Essays Dedicated to Frans Wiggermann. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten. 275-286.
[2] Postgate J.N.(2014). Wool, hair and textiles in Assyria. C. Breniquet and C. Michel (eds.), Wool Economy in the Ancient Near East and the Aegean: From the Beginnings of Sheep Husbandry to Institutional Textile Industry. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
[3] Bouthillier C., Colantoni C., Debruyne S., Glatz C., Hald M.M., Heslop D., Kozal E., Miller B., Popkin P., Postgate N., Steele C.S. and Stone A. (2014). Further work at Kilise Tepe, 2007-2011: refining the Bronze to Iron Age transition. Anatolian Studies, 64, 95-161. DOI: 10.1017/S0066154614000076.
[4] Postgate J.N.(2011). Making tablets or taking tablets? Tuppaiu Sabatu in Assyria. Iraq, 73, 149-160.
[5] Postgate J.N. and Jackson M.P.C. (2011). Excavations at Kilise Tepe 2009. XXXII. Kaz\i Sonuçlar\i Toplant\is\i - 3. Ankara. 424-446.
[6] Postgate J.N.(2010). Kilise Tepe 2010. Anatolian Archaeology, 16, 22-23.
[7] Postgate J.N.(2010). Dismembering Enki and Ninhursaga. H.D. Baker, E. Robson and G. Zólyomi (eds.), Your Praise is Sweet. A memorial volume for Jeremy Black from students, colleagues and friends. London: British Institute for the Study of Iraq. 237-243.
[8] Postgate J.N.(2010). The debris of government: Reconstructing the Middle Assyrian state apparatus from tablets and potsherds. Iraq, 72, 19-37.
[9] Collon D., Jackson M.P.C. and Postgate J.N. (2010). Excavations at Kilise Tepe 2008. Kaz\i Sonuçlar\i Toplant\is\i, 31, 159-184.
[10] Postgate J.N.(2009). Schaf. Reallexikon der Assyriologie, XII, 114-120.
[11] Postgate J.N.(2009). Schmuck. Reallexikon der Assyriologie, XII, 234-237.
[12] Postgate J.N.(2009). Review: Sumerian Lexicon: A Dictionary Guide to the Ancient Sumerian Language edited, compiled and arranged by J.A. Halloran. Journal of Semitic Studies, 54(1), 255-257. DOI: 10.1093/jss/fgn055.
[13] Jackson M.P.C. and Postgate J.N. (2009). Kilise Tepe 2009. Anatolian Archaeology, 15, 21-23.
[14] Jackson M.P.C. and Postgate J.N. (2009). Excavations at Kilise Tepe 2007. Kaz\i Sonuçlar\i Toplant\is\i, 30, 207-232.
[15] Krebernik M. and Postgate J.N. (2009). The tablets from Abu Salabikh and their provenance. Iraq, 71, 1-32.
[16] Postgate J.N.(2008). The chronology of the Iron Age seen from Kilise Tepe. Ancient Near Eastern Studies, 45, 166-187.
[17] Postgate J.N.(2008). The tombs in the light of Mesopotamian funerary traditions. J.E. Curtis, H. McCall, D. Collon and L. al-Gailani-Werr (eds.), New Light on Nimrud: Proceedings of the Nimrud Conference 11th–13th March 2002. London: The British School of Archaeology in Iraq. 177-180.
[18] Postgate J.N.(2008). The organization of the Middle Assyrian army: Some fresh evidence, P. Abrahami and L. Battini (eds.), Les Armées du Proche-Orient Ancien: IIe-Ier Mill. av. J.-C., Vol.1855 (BAR international Series.) Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Limited. 83-92.
[19] Ismail B.K. and Postgate J.N. (2008). A Middle Assyrian flock-master’s archive from Tell Ali. Iraq, 70, 147-178.
[20] Jackson M.P.C. and Postgate J.N. (2008). Kilise Tepe 2008. Anatolian Archaeology, 14, 23-24.
[21] Postgate J.N.(2007). The invisible hierarchy: Assyrian military and civilian administration in the 8th and 7th centuries B.C.. J.N. Postgate (ed.), The Land of Assur and the Yoke of Assur: Studies on Assyria 1971–2005. Oxbow. 331-360.
[22] Postgate J.N.(2007). The ceramics of centralisation and dissolution: A case study from Rough Cilicia. Anatolian Studies, 57, 141-150.
[23] Jackson M.P.C. and Postgate J.N. (2007). Kilise Tepe 2007. Anatolian Archaeology, 13, 28-30.
[24] Postgate J.N.(2005). Identifying the end of the Hittite Empire: Problems of reuniting history and archaeology at Kilise Tepe. Newsletter of the Department of Archaeology and History of Art, Bilkent University, 4, 26-30.
[25] Postgate J.N.(2005). New angles on early writing. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 15, 275-280.
[26] Postgate J.N. and Mattila R.A. (2004). Il-yada’ and Sargon’s south-east frontier. G. Frame (ed.), From the Upper Sea to the Lower Sea: Studies on the history of Assyria and Babylonia in honour of A.K. Grayson. Leiden. 235-354.
[27] Postgate J.N.(2003). Learning the lessons of the future: Trade in prehistory through a historian’s lens. Bibliotheca Orientalis, 60, 5-25.
[28] Postgate J.N.(2003). Documents in government under the Middle Assyrian kingdom. M. Brosius (ed.), Ancient archives and archival traditions: Concepts of record-keeping in the ancient world. Oxford University Press. 124-138.
[29] Postgate J.N.(2002). References to prophecy in Neo-Assyrian sources. Journal of Semitic Studies, 47(2), 311-312.
[30] Postgate J.N.(2002). Business and government at Middle Assyrian Rimah. L. Al-GailaniWerr, J. Curtis, H. Martin, A. McMahon, J. Oates and Read (eds.), Of pots and plans. papers on the archaeology and history of Mesopotamia and Syria presented to David Oates in honour of his 75th birthday. London: NABU Publications. 297-308.
[31] Postgate J.N.(2002). Assyrian prophecies. Journal of Semitic Studies, 47(2), 312-313.
[32] Postgate J.N.(2002). The first civilizations in the Middle East. B.W. Cunliffe, W. Davies and A.C. Renfrew (eds.), Archaeology. The widening debate. London. 385-410.
[33] Postgate J.N.(2001). ‘Queen’ in Middle Assyrian. NABU, 2, 44-45.
[34] Postgate J.N.(2001). Assyrian uniforms. W.H.V. Soldt (ed.), Veenhof Anniversary Volume. Leiden. 373-388.
[35] Postgate J.N.(2001). System and style in three Near Eastern bureaucracies, Economy and politics in the Mycenaean Palace States, Vol.Supplementary Volume 27Cambridge: Cambridge Philological Society. 181-194.
[36] Postgate J.N.(2000). Dwelling in the ancient Orient: A study of the use of spaces in ancient Mesopotamian houses. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 120(2), 250-252.
[37] Postgate J.N.(2000). The Assyrian army in Zamua. Iraq, 62, 89-108.
[38] Postgate J.N.(2000). Assyrian Felt. P. NegriScafa and P. Gentili (eds.), Donum Natalicium: Studi in onore di Claudio Saporetti in occasione del suo 60º compleanno. Roma: Borgia Editore. 213-217.
[39] Postgate J.N.(2000). Urbanization and land ownership in the ancient Near East. Antiquity, 74(283), 240-242.
[40] Postgate J.N.(1999). The study of the ancient Near East in the twenty-first century. The William Foxwell Albright Centennial Conference. American Journal of Archaeology, 103(3), 543-544.
[41] Postgate J.N. and Hansen C.K. (1999). The Bronze to Iron Age transition at Kilise Tepe. Anatolian Studies, 49, 111-121.
[42] Postgate J.N.(1998). Kilise Tepe 1996: A summary of the principal results. XIX Kaz\i Sonuçlar\i Toplant\is\i - I. Ankara. 209-226.
[43] Postgate J.N.(1998). Between the plateau and the sea: Kilise Tepe 1994–97. R.J. Matthews (ed.), Ancient Anatolia. London. 127-141.
[44] Postgate J.N.(1998). Two lines in Gilgamesh. NABU, 1, 34-5.
[45] Postgate J.N.(1997). Abu Salabikh, E.M. Meyers (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopaedia of Archaeology in the Near East, Vol.19-10.
[46] Postgate J.N.(1997). Kilise Tepe 1995: A summary of the principal results. XVIII. Kaz\i Sonuçlar\i Toplant\is\i - I. Ankara. 441-456.
[47] Postgate J.N.(1997). Middle Assyrian to Neo-Assyrian: The nature of the shift. H. Waetzoldt and H. Hauptmann (eds.), Assyrien im Wandel der Zeiten. Heidelberger Studien zum Alten Orient, Band 6. 159-168.
[48] Postgate J.N.(1997). Review: Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor by M.T. Roth. Vetus Testamentum, 47(2), 275-276.
[49] Postgate J.N.(1997). Mesopotamian petrology: Stages in the classification of the material world. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 7, 205-224.
[50] Postgate J.N. and Roaf M.D. (1997). The Shaikhan relief. Al-Rafidan, 18, 143-156.
[51] Postgate J.N.(1996). Review: The Uruk World System: The Dynamics of Expansion of Early Mesopotamian Civilization by G. Algaze. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 116(1), 147-148.
[52] Postgate J.N.(1996). A Sumerian city: Town and country in the 3rd millennium B.C.. Scienze dell’Antichità: Storia Archeologia Antropologia, 6-7, 409-435.
[53] Postgate J.N.(1996). Kilise Tepe 1994: A summary of the principal results. XVII. Kaz\i Sonuçlar\i Toplant\is\i - I. Ankara. 419-431.
[54] Postgate J.N.(1996). Review: The 'Epic of Gilgamesh'. Introduction, Translation and Notes (French) by R.J. Tournay and A. Shaffer. Vetus Testamentum, 46(4), 575-576.
[55] Postgate J.N.(1996). Review: Preclassical Mesopotamian Formulae for Curses (Italian) by F. Pomponio. Vetus Testamentum, 46(1), 139-140.
[56] Postgate J.N.(1995). Some latter-day merchants of Assur. M. Dietrich and O. Loretz (eds.), Vom Alten Orient zum Alten Testament: Festschrift für Wolfram Freiherrn von Soden. Neukirchen-Vluyn. 403-406.
[57] Postgate J.N.(1995). Assyria: The Home Provinces, M. Liverani (ed.), Neo-Assyrian Geography, Vol.5Rome: Quaderni de Geografica Storica. 1-17.
[58] Postgate J.N.(1995). Review: A Redactional Analysis of Legal History in the Codex-Esnunna and in the So-Called Bundesbuch - A Redactional-Historical and Comparative-Law Study on Old Babylonian and Ancient Israelite Legal Interpretations (German) by E. Otto. Vetus Testamentum, 45(1), 140-141.
[59] Postgate J.N.(1995). Royal ideology and state administration in Sumer and Akkad, J.M. Sasson (ed.), Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, Vol.1Scribner’s. 395-411.
[60] Postgate J.N.(1995). Review: Taking Ancient Mythology Economically by M. Silver. Vetus Testamentum, 45(3), 423.
[61] Postgate J.N.(1995). Review: Introduction to Ancient Near-Eastern Orientalia (Italian) by W.V. Soden. Vetus Testamentum, 45(3), 425.
[62] Postgate J.N., Baker H.D. and al E. (1995). Kilise Tepe 1994. Anatolian Studies, 45, 139-191.
[63] Postgate J.N., Tite M.S. and Middleton A.P. (1995). Scientific investigation of fire installations at Abu Salabikh. Sumer, 47, 46-51.
[64] Postgate J.N., Wilkinson T. and Wang T. (1995). The evidence for early writing: Utilitarian or ceremonial?. Antiquity, 69, 459-480.
[65] Postgate J.N.(1994). Text and figure in ancient Mesopotamia: Match and mismatch. A.C. Renfrew and E. Zubrow (eds.), The Ancient Mind: Elements of cognitive archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 176-184.
[66] Postgate J.N.(1994). Rings, torcs and bracelets. P. Calmeyer, K. Hecker, L. Jakob-Rost and C.B.F. Walker (eds.), Beiträge zur Altorientalischen Archäologie und Altertumskunde: Festschrift für Barthel Hrouda zum 65. Geburtstag. Wiesbaden. 235-245.
[67] Postgate J.N.(1994). How many Sumerians per hectare? Probing the anatomy of an early city. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 4, 47-65.
[68] Postgate J.N.(1994). Review: The Amarna Letters by W.L. Moran. Vetus Testamentum, 44(1), 144.
[69] Postgate J.N.(1994). Review: Letters From Early Mesopotamia by P. Michalowski. Vetus Testamentum, 44(4), 575.
[70] Postgate J.N.(1994). In search of the first empires. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 293, 1-13.
[71] Postgate J.N.(1994). Review: The Ur-III Temple of Inanna at Nippur - The Operation and Organization of Urban Religious Institutions in Mesopotamia in the Late 3rd-Millennium BC by R.L. Zettler. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 114(3), 494-495.
[72] Postgate J.N., Matthews W., Payne S., Charles M.P. and Dobney K. (1994). The imprint of living in an early Mesopotamian city: Questions and answers. R. Luff and P. Rowley-Conwy (eds.), Whither environmental archaeology?. (Oxbow Monograph 38.) Oxford: Oxbow. 171-212.
[73] Postgate J.N.(1993). Review: Mercahnts, Diplomats, and Emperors - Studies on the Mesopotamian Civilization Offered in Honor of Paul Garelli (French) edited by D. Charpin and F. Joannes. Journal of Semitic Studies, 38(2), 309-310.
[74] Postgate J.N.(1993). Gleanings from ADD: 1. One of the first Middle Assyrian texts found at Assur. State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, 7, 5-7.
[75] Postgate J.N.(1993). The four ‘Neo-Assyrian’ tablets from Seh Hamad. State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, 7, 109-124.
[76] Postgate J.N.(1993). Review: The Book of Ezekiel and the Poem of Erra by D. Bodi. Vetus Testamentum, 43(1), 137.
[77] Postgate J.N.(1993). Review: The Amorite Tribes of Mari (French) by M. Anbar. Vetus Testamentum, 43(1), 127-129.
[78] Postgate J.N.(1993). Review: The Installation of Baal High Priestess at Emar - A Window on Ancient Syrian Religion by D.E. Fleming. Vetus Testamentum, 43(2), 285.
[79] Postgate J.N.(1992). Review: Texts from the World of the Old Testament (German) by W.H.P. Romer and K. Hecker. Vetus Testamentum, 42(1), 139.
[80] Postgate J.N.(1992). Trees and timber in the Assyrian sources. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 6, 177-192.
[81] Postgate J.N.(1992). The land of Assur and the Yoke of Assur. World Archaeology, 23(3), 247-263.
[82] Postgate J.N.(1992). Review: On the Language, History and Religion of the Babylonians - Complete Essays (German) edited by W.V. Soden, L. Cagni and H.P. Muller. Vetus Testamentum, 42(2), 280.
[83] Postgate J.N. and Moorey P.R.S. (1992). Some wood identifications from Mesopotamian sites. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 6, 197-199.
[84] Postgate J.N.(1991). Review: Old Sumerian Administration Texts Found in Lagash - Old Sumerian Economic Documents in the State Hermitage in Leningrad (German) by G.J. Selz. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 111(1), 147-148.
[85] Postgate J.N.(1991). Review: Mari and the Early Israelite Experience by A. Malamat. Vetus Testamentum, 41(4), 495.
[86] Postgate J.N.(1990). A Middle Tigris village. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 5, 65-74.
[87] Postgate J.N.(1990). A further note on Sallurum and Hallurum. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 5, 146.
[88] Postgate J.N.(1990). Review: The Amarna Letters, Diplomatic Correspondence of the Pharaohs (French) by W.L. Moran. Vetus Testamentum, 40(2), 254-255.
[89] Postgate J.N.(1990). The Assyrian Porsche?. State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, 4, 35-38.
[90] Postgate J.N.(1990). New joins in the ADD II material. State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, 4, 77-78.
[91] Postgate J.N.(1990). Archaeology and texts—Bridging the gap. Zeitschrift für Assyriologie, 80, 228-240.
[92] Postgate J.N.(1990). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1988–89. Iraq, 52, 95-106.
[93] Postgate J.N.(1989). Ancient Assyria: A multi-racial state. ARAM, 1, 1-10.
[94] Postgate J.N.(1989). Ownership and exploitation of land in Assyria in the 1st millennium B.C. M. Lebeau and P. Talon (eds.), Reflets des deux fleuves: Volume de mélanges offerts à André Finet. Leuven. 141-152.
[95] Postgate J.N.(1988). Review: Sumerian and Akkadian Royal Inscriptions, Volume 1, Presargonic Inscriptions by J.S. Cooper. Vetus Testamentum, 38(4), 508-509.
[96] Postgate J.N.(1988). Middle Assyrian texts (Nos. 99–101), I. Spar (ed.), Cuneiform Texts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Vol.1New York. 144-148.
[97] Postgate J.N.(1988). A view from down the Euphrates. H. Hauptmann and H. Waetzoldt (eds.), Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft von Ebla. Heidelberger Studien zum Alten Orient, Band 2. 111-117.
[98] Postgate J.N. and Hawkins J.D. (1988). Tribute from Tabal. State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, 2, 31-40.
[99] Postgate J.N., Pemberton W. and Smyth R.F. (1988). Canals and bunds, ancient and modern. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 4, 209-221.
[100] Postgate J.N.(1987). Scratching the surface at Abu Salabikh: Urban archaeology Sumerian style. The Society for Mesopotamian Studies Bulletin, 14, 21-29.
[101] Postgate J.N.(1987). Some vegetables in the Assyrian sources. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 3, 93-100.
[102] Postgate J.N.(1987). BM 118796: A dedication text on an ‘amulet’. State Archives of Assyria Bulletin, 1, 57-63.
[103] Postgate J.N.(1987). Grundeigentum und Nutzung von Land in Assyrien im 1. Jt. v.u.Z. B. Brentjes (ed.), Das Grundeigentum in Mesopotamien. (Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte.) Sonderband: Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte. 89-110.
[104] Postgate J.N.(1987). Review: Economic Structures of the Ancient Near East by M. Silver. Vetus Testamentum, 37(4), 503-504.
[105] Postgate J.N.(1987). Notes on fruit in the cuneiform sources. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 3, 115-144.
[106] Postgate J.N.(1987). Review: Sin and Sanction in Israel and Mesopotamia by K. Vandertoorn. Vetus Testamentum, 37(4), 510.
[107] Postgate J.N.(1987). Employer, employee and employment in the Neo-Assyrian empire. M.A. Powell (ed.), Labor in the Ancient Near East. (American Oriental Series 68.) New Haven. 257-270.
[108] Postgate J.N. and Matthews R.J. (1987). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1985-86. Iraq, 49, 91-119.
[109] Postgate J.N.(1986). Abu esSalabikh and Tell Mardikh: Sumer and Ebla. Sumer, 42, 68-70.
[110] Postgate J.N.(1986). Review: The Sattukku According to the Esumesa Covering the Period from Lipit-Enlil of Isin to Rim-Sin of Larsa (French) by R.M. Sigrist. Journal of Semitic Studies, 31(2), 237-238.
[111] Postgate J.N.(1986). The equids of Sumer, again. H.P. Uerpmann and R.H. Meadow (eds.), Equids in the Ancient World. Wiesbaden: Reichert. 194-206.
[112] Postgate J.N.(1986). Administrative archives from Assur in the Middle Assyrian period. K.R. Veenhof (ed.), Cuneiform Archives and Libraries. Leiden. 168-183.
[113] Postgate J.N.(1986). Review: Uncovering the Ancient World by H.V.F. Winstone. Antiquity, 60(229), 153.
[114] Postgate J.N.(1986). Middle Assyrian tablets: The instruments of bureaucracy. Altorientalische Forschungen, 13, 10-39.
[115] Postgate J.N.(1986). Administrative archives from the City of Assur in the Middle Assyrian Period. Sumer, 42, 100-105.
[116] Postgate J.N.(1986). The transition from Uruk to Early Dynastic: continuities and discontinuities in the record of settlement. U. Finkbeiner and W. Röllig (eds.), Gamdat Nasr: Period or regional style?. Wiesbaden. 90-106.
[117] Postgate J.N. and Moon J.A. (1986). Late Third Millennium pottery from Abu es Salabikh. Sumer, 43, 69-79.
[118] Postgate J.N.(1985). Review: Die Orts- und Gewässernamen der mittelbabylonischen und mittelassyrischen Zeit by K. Nashef. Archiv für Orientforschung, 32, 95-101.
[119] Postgate J.N.(1985). Review: Letters from Assyrian Scholars to the Kings Esarhadoon and Assurbanipal, Part 2, Commentary and Appendices by S. Parpola. British School of Oriental and African Studies, 48, 343-344.
[120] Postgate J.N.(1985). The ‘oil-plant’ in Assyria. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 2, 145-151.
[121] Postgate J.N.(1985). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1983. Iraq, 47, 95-113.
[122] Postgate J.N.(1984). The Haditha archaeological project. Ur: The international magazine of Arab culture, 3, 30-35.
[123] Postgate J.N.(1984). The columns of Kapara. Archiv für Orientforschung, 29–30, 55.
[124] Postgate J.N.(1984). The historical geography of the Hamrin basin. Sumer, 40, 149-59.
[125] Postgate J.N.(1984). The problem of yields in cuneiform texts. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 1, 97-102.
[126] Postgate J.N.(1984). Introduction. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 1, 1-7.
[127] Postgate J.N.(1984). Cuneiform catalysis: The first information revolution. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 3, 4-18.
[128] Postgate J.N.(1984). Processing of cereals in the cuneiform record. Bulletin on Sumerian Agriculture, 1, 103-113.
[129] Postgate J.N.(1983). Review: Assyrian Temple, Volume 1, Ceremony, Administration and Personnel. Volume 2 Notes, Text, Tables and Indexes (German) by B. Menzel. Journal of Semitic Studies, 28(1), 155-159.
[130] Postgate J.N.(1982). Abu Salabikh, 1981. Archiv für Orientforschung, 28, 255-257.
[131] Postgate J.N.(1982). Ilku and land tenure in the Middle Assyrian Kingdom: A second attempt. M.A. Dandameyev, I. Gershevitch, H. Klengel, G. Komoroczy and M.T. Larsen (eds.), Societies and Languages of the Ancient Near East: Studies in Honour of I.M. Diakonoff. Warminster: Aris & Phillips. 304-313.
[132] Postgate J.N.(1982). A plea for the abolition of Sessimur!. Revue d’Assyriologie, 76, 188.
[133] Postgate J.N.(1982). Abu Salabikh. J. Curtis (ed.), Fifty Years of Mesopotamian Discovery. London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq. 48-61.
[134] Postgate J.N. and Moon J.A. (1982). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1981. Iraq, 44, 103-136.
[135] Postgate J.N. and Moon J.A. (1982). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, a Sumerian city. National Geographic Research Reports: 1976 projects
[136] Postgate J.N.(1981). Review: Sumerological Studies in Honor of Thorkild Jacobsen on His 70th Birthday, June 7, 1974 edited by S.J. Lieberman. Journal of Semitic Studies, 26(2), 274-275.
[137] Postgate J.N.(1980). The Assyrian Empire. A. Sherratt (ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of Archaeology. Cambridge. 186-192.
[138] Postgate J.N.(1980). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1978–79. Iraq, 42, 87-105.
[139] Postgate J.N.(1980). Early Dynastic burial customs at Abu Salabikh. Sumer, 36, 65-82.
[140] Postgate J.N.(1980). The place of the Saknu in Assyrian government. Anatolian Studies, 30, 67-76.
[141] Postgate J.N.(1980). Palm-trees, reeds and rushes in Iraq ancient and modern. M.-.T. Barrelet (ed.), L’archéologie de l’Iraq. Paris. 99-110.
[142] Postgate J.N.(1980). ‘Princeps Iudex’ in Assyria. Revue d’Assyriologie, 74, 180-182.
[143] Postgate J.N.(1979). On some Assyrian ladies. Iraq, 41, 89-103.
[144] Postgate J.N.(1979). The historical geography of the Hamrin basin. Sumer, 35, 594-599.
[145] Postgate J.N.(1979). The economic structure of the Assyrian Empire. M.T. Larsen (ed.), Power and Propaganda: A Symposium on ancient empires. (Mesopotamia 7.) Copenhagen. 193-221.
[146] Postgate J.N.(1979). Assyrian documents in the Musée d’Art et d’Histoire. Assur, 2, 1-15.
[147] Postgate J.N.(1978). An inscribed jar from Tell Al-Rimah. Iraq, 40, 71-75.
[148] Postgate J.N.(1978). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1977. Iraq, 40, 77-88.
[149] Postgate J.N. and Biggs R.D. (1978). Inscriptions from Abu Salabikh, 1975. Iraq, 40, 101-118.
[150] Postgate J.N.(1977). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1976. Iraq, 39, 269-299.
[151] Postgate J.N.(1976). Inscriptions from Tell al-Wilayah. Sumer, 32, 77-100.
[152] Postgate J.N.(1976). Nomads and sedentaries in the Middle Assyrian sources. J.S. Castillo (ed.), Nomads and sedentary peoples. 47-56.
[153] Postgate J.N. and Moorey P.R.S. (1976). Excavations at Abu Salabikh, 1975. Iraq, 38, 133-169.
[154] Postgate J.N.(1975). Some old babylonian shepherds and their flocks. Journal of Semitic Studies, 20(1), 1-21. DOI: 10.1093/jss/XX.1.1.
[155] Postgate J.N.(1975). Assyrian Texts and Fragments. Iraq, 35, 13-36.
[156] Postgate J.N.(1974). Notes brèves, 6. Revue d’assyriologie, 68, 93.
[157] Postgate J.N.(1974). Isin=INki?. Sumer, 30, 207-209.
[158] Postgate J.N.(1974). Two points of grammar in Gudea. Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 26, 16-54.
[159] Postgate J.N.(1974). Royal exercise of justice under the Assyrian empire. P. Garelli (ed.), Le palais et la royauté. Paris: Compte Rendu de la XIXe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale. 417-426.
[160] Postgate J.N.(1974). The bit akiti in Neo-Assyrian Nabu Temples. Sumer, 30, 51-74.
[161] Postgate J.N.(1974). Some remarks on conditions in the Assyrian countryside. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 17, 225-243.
[162] Postgate J.N.(1973). URU.SE=kapru. Archiv für Orientforschung, 24, 99.
[163] Postgate J.N.(1973). Old Sumerian GE23=as?. Archiv für Orientforschung, 24, 99.
[164] Postgate J.N.(1973). The inscription of Tiglath-Pileser III at Mila Mergi. Sumer, 29, 47-59.
[165] Postgate J.N.(1973). Appendix 1: Tell Taya Tablets, 1972–73. Iraq, 35, 173-175.
[166] Postgate J.N.(1973). Neo-Assyrian royal grants and decrees: Addenda and corrigenda. Orientalia NS, 42, 441-444.
[167] Postgate J.N.(1972). The role of the temple in the Mesopotamian secular community. P.J. Ucko, R. Tringham and G.W. Dimbleby (eds.), Man, Settlement and Urbanism. London: G. Duckworth & Co. 811-825.
[168] Postgate J.N.(1972). Texts and fragments. Journal of Cuneiform Studies, 24, 175-176.
[169] Postgate J.N.(1971). Land tenure in the Middle Assyrian Period: A reconstruction. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 34, 496-520.
[170] Postgate J.N.(1970). More ‘Assyrian deeds and documents’. Iraq, 32, 129-164.
[171] Postgate J.N.(1970). A Neo-Assyrian tablet from Tell al Rimah. Iraq, 32, 31-35.
[172] Postgate J.N.(1970). An Assyrian altar from Nineveh. Sumer, 26, 133-136.
[173] Postgate J.N.(1969). Two Marduk ordeal fragments. Zeitschrift für Assyriologie, 60, 124-127.
[174] Postgate J.N. and Hawkins J.D. (1968). Notes on the Rimah texts, 1964. Iraq, 30, 186-187.