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Department of Archaeology



I am currently in the final steps of my PhD, entitled ‘Foreign Objects in Local Contexts: Mortuary Objectscapes in Late Colonial Nubia (16th–11thcenturies BC)’, funded by the Cambridge Trust. I am looking at how broad distributions of foreign objects behaved in local contexts in Late Colonial (or New Kingdom) Nubia. My research consists of a postcolonial interpretation of the material culture of colonial cemeteries across Sudan. It aims to overcome Egyptianisation perspectives on Nubian history and society, as well as critise current approaches based on cultural entanglements. My argument is that in a similar fashion as in Egyptianisation perspectives, entanglement approaches have homogenised the complexity of Nubian society, considered as a cohesive entity which interacted with Egyptian culture. On the contrary, my thesis explores how the same categories of foreign objects were consumed and used differently by different communities in Nubia, shedding light onto complex sets of local social relations which took place based on various social roles performed by foreign objects in local contexts.



  • Egyptian Archaeology
  • Sudanese Archaeology
  • Material Culture Studies
  • Postcolonial Theory


Key publications: 

Peer Reviewed Articles and Book Chapters

Lemos, R. and S. Tipper. (forthcoming) Sudanese and Nubian Archaeology: Scholarship Past and Present. In Current Research in Nubian Archaeology. Proceedings of the Cambridge 2nd Sudan Studies Postgraduate Conference, ed. R. Lemos and S. Tipper. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Auenmüller, J. and R. Lemos (forthcoming) The Shabti of Khnummose: Insights into 18th Dynasty Colonial Society in Nubia. In Tomb 26 on Sai Island: a New Kingdom Elite Tomb and its Relevance for Sai and Beyond, ed. J. Budka. Leiden: Sidestone Press.

Lemos, R. (2020) A New Fragment from the Amarna Royal Tomb. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 106.

Lemos, R. (2020) Material Culture and Colonization in Ancient Nubia: Evidence from the New Kingdom Cemeteries. In Encyclopaedia of Global Archaeology, ed. Claire Smith. New York: Springer.

Lemos, R. (2019) Potes, Pratos e Contatos Culturais: Práticas Alimentares na Núbia Durante o Reino Novo. Mare Nostrum (São Paulo) 10 (1): 93–114.

Lemos, R. (2018) Materiality and Cultural Reproduction in Non-Elite Cemeteries. In Perspectives on Materiality in Ancient Egypt – Agency, Cultural Reproduction and Change, ed. É. Maynart, C. Velloza and R. Lemos, 24–34. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Lemos, R. (2017) Material Culture and Social Interactions in New Kingdom Non-Elite Cemeteries. In Current Research in Egyptology 2016. Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Symposium, ed. J. Chyla, J. Dębowska-Ludwin, K. Rosińska-Balik and Carl Walsh, 121–135. Oxford: Oxbow.

Lemos, R. et al. (2017) Entangled Temporalities in the Theban Necropolis: a Materiality and Heritage Approach to the Excavation of Theban Tomb 187. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies 5 (2): 178–197.


Edited volumes

Lemos, R. and S. Tipper eds. (forthcoming) Current Research in Nubian Archaeology. Proceedings of the Cambridge 2nd Sudan Studies Postgraduate Conference. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Maynart, É., C. Velloza and R. Lemos eds. (2018) Perspectives on Materiality in Ancient Egypt – Agency, Cultural Reproduction and Change. Oxford: Archaeopress.


Book Reviews

Lemos, R. (forthcoming) Review of D. Edwards and A. Mills 2020 The Archaeological Survey of Sudanese Nubia, 1963-69. The Pharaonic Sites. African Archaeological Review.

Lemos, R. (2018) Review of Andrea Manzo’s Eastern Sudan and its Setting: the Archaeology of a Region Far from the Nile Valley. Bryn Mawr Classical Review.

Lemos, R. (2017) Review of Flora Anthony’s Foreigners in Ancient Egypt: Theban Tomb Paintings from the Early Eighteenth Dynasty. Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 14: 31–33.

Teaching and Supervisions


A28 – Ancient Egypt in Context: an Archaeology of Foreign Relations (Course Coordinator: Dr Kate Spence) – Supervisor

A3 – Introduction to the cultures of Egypt and Mesopotamia (Course Coordinator: Dr Kate Spence) – Teaching Assistant and Supervsisor

A29/ARC20/G17 – The archaeology of religion in ancient Egypt (Course Coordinator: Pippa Browne) – Guest Lecturer

Research supervision: 


Other Professional Activities

I am presently involved in the following field projects in Sudan and Egypt:

  • 2018 – : Sanam Temple Project (Sudan)
  • 2014 – : TT 49 (and associated tombs), el-Khokha, Luxor (Egypt)

I am a former Book Reviews Editor for the Archaeological review from Cambridge (2018–2019).

Member of the Sudan Archaeological Research Society (British Museum)

I have presented my research as invited speaker at the University of Oxford, Leiden University, University of São Paulo and South Valley University (Qena, Egypt).

Job Titles

PhD Student in Egyptian and Sudanese Archaeology

General Info

Not available for consultancy
Research Expertise / Fields of study: 
Material Culture
Archaeological Theory
Egyptology and Egyptian Language

Contact Details

Emmanuel College
St Andrews Street


Person keywords: 
Material Culture
Material Culture
Geographical areas: 
Egypt and Sudan
Periods of interest: