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Department of Archaeology

 

Biography

I am a lecturer in Human Evolutionary and Behavioural Ecology. I completed my PhD and postdoctorate research as a member of the Hunter-Gatherer Resilience project which examined the cultural and behavioural adaptations of hunter-gatherer societies in Africa and Asia. I work principally with the Mbendjele BaYaka hunter-gatherers - a Pygmy population residing in the rainforests of Northern Congo. My research thus far has explored the role of cooperative networks and non-kin relationships in human evolution; human life-history evolution; and the relationship between social structure and cultural transmission. I am currently planning a cross-cultural project examining how aspects of subsistence and social organisation affect psychological well-being; and another applying the behavioural ecology framework to understand variability in a variety of social processes, such as community cohesion and crime rates, across urban environments.

Research

Human Social Evolution and Cooperation

Evolutionary Psychiatry

Applied Human Behavioural Ecology

Mating Systems

Cultural Evolution

 

I am presently involved in the following research projects in:

2018 – 2021: Hunter-Gatherer Health and Wellbeing

Key Publications

Key publications: 

Chaudhary, N. & Salali, G.D. (2022). Hunter-Gatherers, Mismatch and Mental Disorder. In Abed, R. & St.John-Smith, P. (eds.) Evolutionary Psychiatry: Current Perspectives on Evolution and Mental Health. Cambridge University Press.

Knight, J.K., Salali, G.D., Sikka, G., Derkx, I., Keestra, S.M., Chaudhary, N.* (2021). Quantifying patterns of alcohol consumption and its effects on health and wellbeing among BaYaka hunter-gatherers: A mixed-methods cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE, 16(10): e0258384

​Salali, G.D., Chaudhary, N., Bouer, J., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Migliano, A.B. (2019). Development of social learning and play in BaYaka hunter-gatherers of Congo. Scientific Reports, 9, 11080.

​Smith, D., Schlaepfer, P., Major, K., Dyble, M., Page, A.E., Thompson, J., Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Mace, R., Astete, L., Astete, M., Vinicius, L., Migliano, A.B. (2017). Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling. Nature Communications, 8(1).

​Page, A. E., Chaudhary, N., Viguier, S., Dyble, M., Smith, D., Salali, G.D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Mace, R., Migliano, A. B. (2017). Hunter-Gatherer Social Networks and Reproductive Success. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 41598.

​Migliano A.B., Page A., Gardenes, J.G., Salali G.D., Viguier, S., Dyble M., Latora, V., Chaudhary N., Thompson J., Smith D., Strods, J., Vinicius L., Mace R. (2017). Characterisation of hunter-gatherer networks and implications for cumulative culture. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(2), 0043 (cover story of the February 2017 issue).

​​Page, A. E., Viguier, S., Dyble, M., Smith, D., Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Mace, R., Migliano, A. B. (2016) Reproductive trade-offs in extant hunter-gatherers suggest adaptive mechanism for the Neolithic expansion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(17), 4694-4699.

​Dyble, M., Salali, G.D., Chaudhary, N., Page, A., Smith, D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Mace, R., Migliano, A.B. (2015). Sex equality can explain the unique social structure of hunter-gatherer bands. Science, 348(6236), 796-798.

Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Thompson, J., Dyble, M., Page, A., Smith, D., Mace R., Migliano A.B. (2015). Polygyny without wealth: popularity in gift games predicts polygyny in BaYaka Pygmies. Royal Society Open Science, 2(5), 150054.

Other publications: 

Page, A.E., Emmott, E.H., Dyble, M., Smith, D., Chaudhary, N., Viguier, S., Migliano, A.B. (2021). Children are important too: juvenile playgroups and maternal childcare in a foraging population, the Agta.Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society B, 376, 20200026.

Salali, G.D., Dyble, M., Chaudhary, N., Sikka, G., Derkx, I., Keestra, S., Smith, D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Migliano, A.B (2020). Global WEIRDing: transitions in wild plant knowledge and treatment preferences in Congo hunter–gatherers. Human Evolutionary Sciences, 2, e24.

Deb A. & Chaudhary N. (2020). Anxiety. In depth entry in: Shackelford T., Weekes-Shackelford V. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Springer.

Page, A.E., Thomas, M.G., Smith, D., Dyble, M., Viguier, S., Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Thompson, J., Mace, R., Migliano, A.B. (2020). Testing adaptive hypotheses of alloparenting in Agta foragers. Nature Human Behaviour, 3, 1154-1163.

Smith, D., Dyble, M., Major, K., Page, A.E., Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Migliano, A.B., Mace, R. (2019). A Friend in need is a friend indeed: Need-based sharing, rather than cooperative assortment, predicts experimental resource transfers among Agta hunter-gatherers. Evolution and Human Behaviour, 40(1), 82-89.

Diekmann, Y., Smith, D., Gerbault, P., Dyble, M., Page, A.E., Chaudhary, N., Migliano, A.B., Thomas, M.G. (2017). Accurate age estimation in small-scale societies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(31), 8205-8210.

​Salali, G.D., Chaudhary, N., Thompson, J., Grace, O., van der Brugt, X.M., Dyble, M., Page, A., Smith, D., Lewis, J., Mace, R., Vinicius, L., Migliano, A.B. (2016). Knowledge sharing networks in hunter-gatherers and the evolution of cumulative culture. Current Biology, 26(18), 2516-2521.

Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Thompson, J., Rey, A., Stevenson, E., Gerbault, P., Dyble, M., Page, A., Smith, D., Vinicius, L., Mace, R., Migliano, A.B. (2016). Competition for Cooperation: variability, benefits and heritability of relational wealth in hunter-gatherers. Scientific Reports, 6(8), 29120.

​Dyble, M., Thompson, J., Page, A., Smith, D., Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Vinicius, L., Mace, R., Migliano, A.B. (2016). Networks of Food Sharing Reveal the Functional Significance of Multilevel Sociality in Two Hunter-Gatherer Groups. Current Biology, 26(15), 2017-2021.

Chaudhary, N. (2016). The Polygyny Threshold – key idea in: T. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (eds.), Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. Springer

​Smith, D., Dyble, M., Thompson, J., Major, K., Page, A., Chaudhary, N., Salali, G.D., Vinicius, L., Migliano, A., Mace, R. (2016). Camp Stability Predicts Patterns of Hunter-Gatherer Cooperation. Royal Society Open Science, 3(7), 160131.

Publication

Journal articles

2021

  • Page, AE., Emmott, EH., Dyble, M., Smith, D., Chaudhary, N., Viguier, S. and Migliano, AB., 2021. Children are important too: juvenile playgroups and maternal childcare in a foraging population, the Agta. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, v. 376 http://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2020.0026
  • Knight, JK., Salali, GD., Sikka, G., Derkx, I., Keestra, SM. and Chaudhary, N., 2021. Quantifying patterns of alcohol consumption and its effects on health and wellbeing among BaYaka hunter-gatherers: A mixed-methods cross-sectional study. PLoS One, v. 16 http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0258384
  • Keestra, S., Miabangana, ES., Chaudhary, N., Derkx, I., Sikka, G. and Salali, GD., 2021. Bitter taste perception in BaYaka hunter-gatherers http://doi.org/10.1101/2021.11.25.469973
  • 2020

  • Salali, GD., Dyble, M., Chaudhary, N., Sikka, G., Derkx, I., Keestra, SM., Smith, D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L. and Migliano, AB., 2020. Global WEIRDing: Transitions in wild plant knowledge and treatment preferences in Congo hunter-gatherers Evolutionary Human Sciences, v. 2 http://doi.org/10.1017/ehs.2020.26
  • 2019

  • Smith, D., Dyble, M., Major, K., Page, AE., Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Migliano, AB. and Mace, R., 2019. A friend in need is a friend indeed: Need-based sharing, rather than cooperative assortment, predicts experimental resource transfers among Agta hunter-gatherers Evolution and Human Behavior, v. 40 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2018.08.004
  • Page, AE., Thomas, MG., Smith, D., Dyble, M., Viguier, S., Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Thompson, J., Mace, R. and Migliano, AB., 2019. Testing adaptive hypotheses of alloparenting in Agta foragers. Nat Hum Behav, v. 3 http://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0679-2
  • Salali, GD., Chaudhary, N., Bouer, J., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L. and Migliano, AB., 2019. Development of social learning and play in BaYaka hunter-gatherers of Congo. Sci Rep, v. 9 http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47515-8
  • 2017

  • Page, AE., Chaudhary, N., Viguier, S., Dyble, M., Thompson, J., Smith, D., Salali, GD., Mace, R. and Migliano, AB., 2017. Hunter-Gatherer Social Networks and Reproductive Success. Sci Rep, v. 7 http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-01310-5
  • Diekmann, Y., Smith, D., Gerbault, P., Dyble, M., Page, AE., Chaudhary, N., Migliano, AB. and Thomas, MG., 2017. Accurate age estimation in small-scale societies. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, v. 114 http://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1619583114
  • Smith, D., Schlaepfer, P., Major, K., Dyble, M., Page, AE., Thompson, J., Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Mace, R., Astete, L., Ngales, M., Vinicius, L. and Migliano, AB., 2017. Cooperation and the evolution of hunter-gatherer storytelling. Nat Commun, v. 8 http://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02036-8
  • Migliano, AB., Page, AE., Gómez-Gardeñes, J., Salali, GD., Viguier, S., Dyble, M., Thompson, J., Chaudhary, N., Smith, D., Strods, J., MacE, R., Thomas, MG., Latora, V. and Vinicius, L., 2017. Characterization of hunter-gatherer networks and implications for cumulative culture Nature Human Behaviour, v. 1 http://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-016-0043
  • 2016

  • Salali, GD., Chaudhary, N., Thompson, J., Grace, OM., van der Burgt, XM., Dyble, M., Page, AE., Smith, D., Lewis, J., Mace, R., Vinicius, L. and Migliano, AB., 2016. Knowledge-Sharing Networks in Hunter-Gatherers and the Evolution of Cumulative Culture. Curr Biol, v. 26 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.015
  • Dyble, M., Thompson, J., Smith, D., Salali, GD., Chaudhary, N., Page, AE., Vinicuis, L., Mace, R. and Migliano, AB., 2016. Networks of Food Sharing Reveal the Functional Significance of Multilevel Sociality in Two Hunter-Gatherer Groups. Curr Biol, v. 26 http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.05.064
  • Smith, D., Dyble, M., Thompson, J., Major, K., Page, AE., Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Vinicius, L., Migliano, AB. and Mace, R., 2016. Camp stability predicts patterns of hunter-gatherer cooperation. R Soc Open Sci, v. 3 10.1098/rsos.160131
  • Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Thompson, J., Rey, A., Gerbault, P., Stevenson, EGJ., Dyble, M., E Page, A., Smith, D., Mace, R., Vinicius, L. and Migliano, AB., 2016. Competition for Cooperation: variability, benefits and heritability of relational wealth in hunter-gatherers. Sci Rep, v. 6 http://doi.org/10.1038/srep29120
  • Page, AE., Viguier, S., Dyble, M., Smith, D., Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Mace, R. and Migliano, AB., 2016. Reproductive trade-offs in extant hunter-gatherers suggest adaptive mechanism for the Neolithic expansion. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, v. 113 10.1073/pnas.1524031113
  • 2015

  • Dyble, M., Salali, GD., Chaudhary, N., Page, A., Smith, D., Thompson, J., Vinicius, L., Mace, R. and Migliano, AB., 2015. Human behavior. Sex equality can explain the unique social structure of hunter-gatherer bands. Science, v. 348 10.1126/science.aaa5139
  • Chaudhary, N., Salali, GD., Thompson, J., Dyble, M., Page, A., Smith, D., Mace, R. and Migliano, AB., 2015. Polygyny without wealth: popularity in gift games predicts polygyny in BaYaka Pygmies. R Soc Open Sci, v. 2 10.1098/rsos.150054
  • Book chapters

    2020

  • Deb, A. and Chaudhary, N., 2020. Anxiety (Randolph Nesse), Springer International Publishing http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3741-1
  • 2016

  • Chaudhary, N., 2016. Polygyny Threshold, The, Springer International Publishing http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2565-1
  • Teaching and Supervisions

    Other Professional Activities

    Executive Committee member of Evolutionary Psychiatry Special Interest Group, The Royal College of Psychiatrists

    Job Titles

    Assistant Professor in Human Evolutionary and Behavioural Ecology

    General Info

    Takes PhD students
    Available for consultancy
    Research Expertise / Fields of study: 
    Human Evolutionary and Behavioural Ecology
    Human Evolution
    Cultural Evolution

    Contact Details

    Room 2.7, Henry Wellcome Building, Fitzwilliam Street
    nc542 [at] cam.ac.uk
    Cambridge
    CB2 1QH

    Affiliations

    Person keywords: 
    Evolution
    Human Behavioural Ecology
    Hunter-Gatherers
    Biological Anthropology
    Evolutionary Psychiatry
    Social Evolution
    Cultural Evolution
    Subjects: 
    Biological Anthropology
    Themes: 
    Human Evolutionary Studies
    Geographical areas: 
    Africa
    East Asia