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Department of Archaeology



  • Archaeology of the North Sea region in the first millennium AD
  • Archaeology of Scandinavia in the first millennium AD
  • Archaeology and history
  • Early medieval/Migration period Europe
  • Anglo-Saxon England


Key publications: 


[1] Hills C. and Lucy S. (2013). Spong Hill Part IX. Chronology and Synthesis. Cambridge: McDonald Inst of Archeological Research.
[2] Hills C.M. (2003). Origins of the English. London: Gerald Duckworth and Co. Ltd.
[3] Hills C.M., Penn K. and Rickett R. (1994). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Part V. (East Anglian Archaeology Report 67.) Gressenhall: Field Archaeology Division, Norfolk Museums Service.
[4] Hills C.M., Penn K. and Rickett R. (1987). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Part IV. (East Anglian Archaeology Report 34.) Gressenhall: Norfolk Archaeological Unit.
[5] Hills C.M. (1986). The blood of the British. London: George Philip.
[6] Hills C.M., Penn K. and Rickett R. (1984). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Part III. (East Anglian Archaeology Report 21.) Dereham: Norfolk Archaeological Unit.
[7] Hills C.M. and Penn K. (1981). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Part II. (East Anglian Archaeology Report 11.) Gressenhall: Norfolk Archaeological Unit, Norfolk Museums Service.
[8] Hills C.M. (1977). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, North Elmham, Part I. (East Anglian Archaeology Report 6.) Gressenhall: Norfolk Archaeological Unit.

Edited books

[1] C.M. Hills and N.J. Brodie (eds.), (2004). Material engagements: Studies in honour of Colin Renfrew. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

Articles & Chapters

[1] Hills C.M.(2015). The Anglo-Saxon migration : An Archaeological Case Study of Disruption. B. Baker and T. Tsuda (eds.), Migration and disruptions : toward a unifying theory of ancient and contemporary migrations. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 33-51.
[2] Hakenbeck S.E.(2013). Correspondence analysis of the cremation urns. C. Hills and S. Lucy (eds.), Spong Hill Part IX: Chronology and Synthesis. McDonald Institute Monographs. 168-195.
[3] Hills C.(2013). Anglo-Saxon migration: historical fact or mythical fiction?. ANTIQUITY, 87(338), 1220-1222.
[4] Hills C.M.(2013). Anglo-Saxon Migrations. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Wiley-Blackwell. DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm029.
[5] Hills C.M.(2012). Women archaeologists in 20th-century Britain. Response to Rachel Pope. Archaeological Dialogues, 19(1), 75-80. DOI: 10.1017/S1380203812000116.
[6] Hills C.M.(2011). Overview: Anglo-Saxon Identity. H. Hamerow, D. Hinton and S. Crawford (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology. 3-12.
[7] Hills C.M.(2011). Work boxes or reliquaries? Small copper-alloy containers in seventh century Anglo-Saxon graves, S. Brookes, S. Harrington and A. Reynolds (eds.), Studies in Early Anglo-Saxon Art And Archaeology: Papers in Honour of Martin Welch, Vol.527 (British Archaeological Reports.) 14-19.
[8] Webster L., Sparey-Green C., Perin P. and Hills C.M. (2011). The Staffordshire hoard: Problems of interpretation Antiquity. Antiquity, 85(327), 221-229.
[9] Hills C.M.(2010). Review of 'Excavations at Mucking', Vol. 3, The Anglo-Saxon Cemeteries by Sue Hirst and Dido Clark. American Journal of Archaeology
[10] Hills C.M.(2010). Dorothy Garrod and the skeletons in the Garden Newnham College publication.
[11] Hills C.M.(2010). Review of Reynolds, Andrew (2009) Anglo-Saxon Deviant Burial Customs (Oxford University Press). Antiquity, 84(325), 910-911.
[12] Hills C.M.(2009). Early Historic Britain. J. Hunter and I. Ralston (eds.), The Archaeology of Britain.
[13] Hills C.M.(2009). Anglo-Saxon DNA?. D. Sayer and H. Williams (eds.), Mortuary practices and Social Identities in the Middle Ages. University of Exeter Press. 123-140.
[14] Hills C.M. and O'Connell T.C. (2009). New light on the Anglo-Saxon succession: two cemeteries and their dates. ANTIQUITY, 83(322), 1096-1108.
[15] Lucy S., Newman R., Dodwell N., Hills C.M., Dekker M., O'Connell T., Riddler I. and Walton Rogers P. (2009). The burial of a princess? The later seventh century cemetery at Westfield Farm Ely. Antiquaries Journal, 89, 81-141. DOI: 10.1017/S0003581509990102.
[16] Hills C.M.(2008). Roman to Saxon in East Anglia. C.E. Karkov and H. Danico (eds.), Aedificia Nova: Studies in Honor of Rosemary Cramp. (Medieval Institute Publications.) Kalamazoo: Western Michigan University. 268-282.
[17] Hills C.M.(2008). Roman to Saxon in East Anglia. C. Karkov and H. Danico (eds.), Aedifica Nova. Studies in Honor of Rosemary Cramp. (Medieval Institute publications.) Western Michigan University. 268-282.
[18] Hills C.M.(2007). History and archaeology: The state of play in early medieval Europe. Antiquity, 81, 191-200.
[19] Hills C.M.(2007). Anglo-Saxon attitudes. N. Higham (ed.), Britons in Anglo-Saxon England. (Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies 7.) Woodbridge: Boydell Press. 16-26.
[20] Hills C.M. and Richards J.D. (2006). The Dissemination of Information. J.R. Hunter and I.B.M. Ralston (eds.), Archaeological resource management in the UK: An introduction. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. 304-314.
[21] Hills C.M.(2005). Spong Hill. Hoops Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, 29, 378-380.
[22] Hills C.M.(2004). Historical archaeology and text. A.C. Renfrew and P.G. Bahn (eds.), Archaeology: The key concepts. London: Routledge. 137-141.
[23] Hills C.M.(2003). What is television doing for us? Reflections on some recent British programmes. Antiquity, 77, 206-211.
[24] Hills C.M.(2001). Review of 'The Quoit Brooch style and Anglo-Saxon settlement: A casting and recasting of cultural identity symbols'. ANTIQUITY, 75(288), 451.
[25] Hills C.M.(2001). From Isidore to Isotopes: Ivory rings in early medieval graves. H. Hamerow and A. MacGregor (eds.), Image and power in the archaeology of early medieval Britain: Essays in honour of Rosemary Cramp. Oxford: Oxbow. 131-146.
[26] Barker G.W.W., Collis J., Darvill T., Gamble C., Hanson W.S., Hills C.M., Hunter J.R., Johnson M.H. and Slater E.A. (2001). Benchmark statement for archaeology—January 2000. P. Rainbird and Y. Hamilakis (eds.), Interrogating pedagogies: Archaeology in higher education. (British Archaeological Reports International Series 948.) Oxford: Archaeopress. 55-61.
[27] Hills C.M.(1999). Early historic Britain. J.R. Hunter and I.B.M. Ralston (eds.), The archaeology of Britain: An introduction from the Upper Palaeolithic to the Industrial Revolution. London: Routledge. 176-193.
[28] Hills C.M.(1998). Did the people of Spong Hill come from Schleswig-Holstein. Studien zur Sachsenforschung, 11, 145-154.
[29] Hills C.M.(1997). Beowulf and archaeology. R.E. Bjork and J.D. Niles (eds.), A Beowulf Handbook. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press. 291-310.
[30] Hills C.M.(1997). History and archaeology: Do words matter more than deeds?. Archaeological Review from Cambridge, 14, 29-36.
[31] Hills C.M.(1996). Britons, Anglo-Saxons, Irish and the Roman heritage, E. Condurachi, J. Herrmann, E. Zürcher, J. Harmatta, J.L. King and Loni (eds.), History of humanity: From the Seventh Century BC to the Seventh Century AD, Vol.III (UNESCO History of the Scientific and Cultural Development of Ma.) London: Routledge. 273-275.
[32] Hills C.M.(1996). Frisia and England: the Archaeological Evidence. T. Looijenga and A. Quak (eds.), Frisian Runes and Neighbouring Traditions. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Frisian Runes at the Fries Museum, Leeuwarden 26th–29th January 1994.. Rodopi. 35-46.
[33] Hills C.M.(1996). The Anglo-Saxons. B.M. Fagan and C. Beck (eds.), The Oxford Companion to Archaeology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 101-103.
[34] Hills C.M.(1994). The Chronology of the Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Spong Hill, Norfolk. B. Stjernquist (ed.), Prehistoric Graves as a Source of Information: Symposium at Kastlosa, Oland, May 21–23, 1992. Stockholm: Historie Och Antikvitets Akademien Kungl. Vitterhets.
[35] Hills C.M.(1993). Where have all the dead Saxons gone?. M.O.H. Carver (ed.), In search of cult: Archaeological investigations in honour of Philip Rahtz. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. 55-59.
[36] Hills C.M.(1993). The Anglo-Saxon settlement of England: The state of research in Britain in the late 1980s. M. Müller-Wille and R. Schneider (eds.), Ausgewählte Probleme europäischer Landnahmen des Früh-und Hochmittelalters. Sigmaringen: Thorbecke. 303-15.
[37] Hills C.M.(1993). The Dissemination of Information. J.R. Hunter and I.B.M. Ralston (eds.), Archaeological resource management in the UK: An introduction. Stroud: Sutton Publishing. 304-314.
[38] Hills C.M.(1993). Who were the East Anglians?. J. Gardiner and M. Atkin (eds.), Flatlands and wetlands: Current themes in East Anglian archaeology. (East Anglian Archaeology Report 50.) Norwich: Scole Archaeological Committee for East Anglia. 14-23.
[39] Hills C.M.(1991). The gold brakteate from Undley, Suffolk: Some further thoughts. Studien zur Sachsenforschung, 7, 145-153.
[40] Hills C.M.(1991). The Archaeological Context of Runic Finds. A. Bammesberger (ed.), Old English Runes and their Continental Background. Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitatsverlag.
[41] Hills C.M.(1990). Roman Britain to Anglo-Saxon England. History Today, 40, 46-52.
[42] Hills C.M.(1989). Spong Hill Anglo-Saxon cemetery. C.A. Roberts, F. Lee and J. Bintliff (eds.), Burial archaeology: Current research, methods and developments. (British Archaeological Reports British Series 211.) Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.
[43] Hills C.M. and Hurst H. (1989). A Goth at Gloucester?. Antiquaries Journal, 69, 154-158.
[44] Hills C.M.(1983). Economic and settlement background to Sutton Hoo in eastern England. J.P. Lamm and H.A. Norström (eds.), Vendel period studies: Transactions of the boat-grave symposium in Stockholm, February 2–3, 1981. Stockholm: Statens historiska museum. 99-104.
[45] Hills C.M.(1983). Animal stamps on Anglo-Saxon pottery in East Anglia. Studien zur Sachsenforschung, 4, 93-110.
[46] Hills C.M.(1980). Anglo-Saxon cremation cemeteries with particular reference to Spong Hill, Norfolk. P. Rahtz, T. Dickinson and L. Watts (eds.), Anglo-Saxon cemeteries 1979: The fourth Anglo-Saxon symposium at Oxford. (British Archaeological Report British Series 82.) Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. 197-207.
[47] Hills C.M.(1980). The Anglo-Saxon settlement of England. D.M. Wilson (ed.), The Northern World. London: Thames and Hudson. 71-94.
[48] Hills C.M.(1980). Anglo-Saxon chairperson. Antiquity, 54, 52-54.
[49] Hills C.M.(1979). The archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England in the pagan period: A review. Anglo-Saxon England, 8, 297-329.
[50] Hills C.M.(1978). Gestempelte Keramik, Sachsen und Angelsachsen, Vol.32 (Veroffentlichungen des Helms-Museums.) Hamburg: Helms-Museums. 143-152.
[51] Hills C.M.(1978). Sachsische und Angelsachsische Keramik, J. Ypey and C. Ahrens (eds.), Sachsen und Angelsachsen, Vol.32 (Veroffentlichungen des Helms-Museums.) Hamburg: Helms-Museums. 135-142.
[52] Hills C.M.(1977). A Chamber grave from Spong Hill, North Elmham, Norfolk. Medieval Archaeology, 21, 167-176.
[53] Hills C.M. and Wade-Martins P. (1976). The Anglo-Saxon cemetery at The Paddocks, Swaffham (Norfolk). East Anglian Archaeology, 2, 1-44.
[54] Hills C.M.(1974). A runic pot from Spong Hill, North Elmham, Norfolk. Antiquaries Journal, 51, 86-91.
[55] Carr R., Hills C.M., Wade-Martins P., Gassowsk H.J. and Okulicz-Kozarryn H.J. (1973). First interim report of the excavations at Spong Hill, North Elmham (1972). Norfolk Archaeology, 35, 494-498.

Teaching and Supervisions

Research supervision: 


Past Students:

Emma Chapman

Mary Chester-Kadwell

Kathrin Felder

James Holloway

Alison Klevnas

David Klingle

Ester Oras

Thea Sophia Thompson

Alice Whitmore

Job Titles

Senior Fellow, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
Fellow of Newnham College

General Info

Not available for consultancy

Contact Details


Material Culture
Rethinking Complexity