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Department of Archaeology



Since 2016, I have been researching and teaching at IIIPC-University of Cantabria (Spain). I am the PI of “El Pendo Project” and Team Member of “La Garma Project”. Both caves are located in Cantabrian Spain and listed as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. I am co-coordinator of the TapHOMO international WG (Taphen CNRS) and honorary member of the Institut für Naturwissenschaftliche Archäologie (University of Tübingen, Germany).

I am currently working on the project intitled “The role of traumatic mortality in late human evolution from an integrated non-invasive bioarchaeological and taphonomic perspective” funded by a Marie-Curie IF, which aims to explore how traumatic mortality shaped and influenced human behaviour by analysing human fossils from Lake Turkana (Kenya) combining osteoarchaeological analysis with forensic science. M. Mirazon-Lahr is the project supervisor.


  • MA Prehistoric Archaeology (UAB, Spain)
  • MSc Forensic Sciences (UV, Spain)
  • PhD Human Evolution (URV, Spain) funded by MICINN at IPHES.



My research is focused on the study of human evolution from a strong interdisciplinary perspective. My expertise is related with osteoarchaeological analysis of human remains form prehistoric sites (mainly Palaeolithic) with the aim of understanding human behaviour, using bioarchaeological and taphonomical approaches and mixing forensic sciences. My research interests are related with the following topics:


  • The emergence of violence
  • Funerary behaviour
  • The evolution of human behaviour

I am also interested in the advancement of Archaeological Methods and Archaeological Theory related with hunter-gatherers’ societies.


Key Publications

Key publications: 
Camarós, E. (2021): Remarks on the cut marks: The Gravettian child from El Castillo (Cantabrian Spain) and the absence of anthropic modifications inferred through taphonomic analysis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Rufà, A. et al. & Camarós, E. (2020): Testing the damage caused by a golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) on a primate skull: A taphonomic case study of the bone damage observed after a simulated predatory attack. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 30 (6), 789-797.

Fernandes, D. et al. & Reich, D. (Camarós 30/52) (2020): The spread of steppe and Iranian-related ancestry in the islands of the western Mediterranean. Nature ecology & evolution 4 (3), 334-345.

Cueto, M., Camarós, E. et al. (2020): Highlighting the role of carnivores as a multifunctional resource among the Middle Magdalenian: The case of the Lower Galley of La Garma (Cantabria, Spain). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 30, 102221

Camarós et al. (2017): Hunted or scavenged Neanderthals? Taphonomic approach to hominin fossils with carnivore damage. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 27 (4), 606-620.

Camarós et al. (2017): Bears in the scene: Pleistocene complex interactions with implications concerning the study of Neanderthal behavior. Quaternary International 435, 237-246

Camarós et al. (2016): Make it clear: molds, transparent casts and lightning techniques for stereomicroscopic analysis of taphonomic modifications on bone surfaces. Journal of Anthropological Sciences 94, 223-230.

Cueto, M., Camarós, E. et al. (2016) Under the Skin of a Lion: Unique Evidence of Upper Paleolithic Exploitation and Use of Cave Lion (Panthera spelaea) from the Lower Gallery of La Garma (Spain). PLoS ONE 11(10), e0163591

Camarós et al. (2016): Large carnivore attacks on hominins during the Pleistocene: a forensic approach with a Neanderthal example. Archaeological and anthropological sciences 8 (3), 635-646.

Camarós et al. (2016): The evolution of Paleolithic hominin–carnivore interaction written in teeth: Stories from the Swabian Jura (Germany). Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 6, 798-809.

Camarós et al. (2013): Large carnivores as taphonomic agents of space modification: an experimental approach with archaeological implications. Journal of Archaeological Science 40 (2), 1361-1368.

Other Professional Activities

Forensic Anthropologist (consultant)

Job Titles

Marie Sklodowska-Curie European Fellow, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research

General Info

Available for consultancy
Research Expertise / Fields of study: 
Human Evolution

Contact Details

ec779 [at]


Person keywords: 
Osteoarchaeology, Human behaviour, Taphonomy, Archaeothanatology, Trauma analysis
Biological Anthropology
Human Evolutionary Studies
Geographical areas: 
Periods of interest: 
Other Prehistory