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Department of Archaeology

 

Resources

Research strand Resources involves:

a. Assessment of textile resources used: 

  • investigation of textile fibre by implementing fibre identification and quality analysis of extant textiles for the identification of fibre source and quality; 

  • dye testing for the identification of dye sources. 

b. Investigation of textile resources procured through agriculture: 

  • study of archaeobotanical assemblages and paleoenvironmental data in order to locate and map the areas of flax cultivation in time and space and differentiating between fibre and linseed/flax oil production. 

c. Investigation of textile resources procured through animal husbandry: 

  • study of sheep and goat bone assemblages, landscape, and sheep transhumance patterns to obtain information on the development of a society’s strategies in wool production and identify sites and regions with specialised production, as well as regional and chronological patterns. 

d. Investigation of textile raw materials procured from wild natural resources: 

  • study of archaeobotanical assemblages and paleoenvironmental data from Mediterranean sites;
  • ascertaining whether purple dyeing activities were carried out during the Early Iron Age and whether popularity and technology of purple dyeing spread in Mediterranean Europe during the Early Iron Age; 
  • sources of mineral resources for alum and other mordants necessary during dyeing will be investigated. 

e. Investigation of areas of resource production/acquisition: 

  • ancient literary sources (e.g. Pliny the Elder’s Naturalis Historia) will be used to provide information on the areas of textile fibre production in Mediterranean Europe.