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Archaeology of the Americas

Archaeology of the Americas

 

Co-ordinator:

Dr Elizabeth DeMarrais

 

The Course

This MPhil contains two regional courses, taught in alternate years:

  • Ancient South America is a survey of the peoples and cultures of the Andes, covering the time span from the initial peopling of the continent until European contact in the 16th c. AD. Special emphasis is placed on understanding and explaining the emergence of complex societies (e.g., Moche, Chimor, Tiwanku, Wari, and the Inka empire). This course will next be offered in 2019-20.
  • The Archaeology of North America and Mesoamerica covers the rise of complex societies in two areas of North America (the Southeast US and the American Southwest) and the archaeology of Mexico and Central America (including the Olmec, Maya, Zapotec, Teotihuacan, and Aztec polities). This course will next be taught in 2020-21.

 

The Themes

Key themes covered in both courses include:

  • the origins and spread of agriculture
  • the emergence of social inequality and leadership
  • the rise of states and their internal organisation and dynamics
  • monumentality and its significance for power and authority as well as for defining more corporate forms of social organisation
  • evidence for craft production, exchange, and elite interaction
  • ideology and its materialisation
  • current theoretical debates about hierarchy, heterarchy, and the nature of socio-political structures

Cross-cutting themes include material culture, the social aspects of technology and economy, symbolism, the nature of power and authority, social identity, gender, and ethnicity in past societies.

This course option is appropriate for students with some background in American archaeology and for students new to the subject.

 

The Structure

MPhil modules can either be one term or two terms (1T/2T) long. All students must complete the equivalent of three two-term modules:

(a)   Ancient South America (2T) or The Archaeology of North America and Mesoamerica (2T), depending on the year

(b)   Archaeological Concepts (1T) plus one other one term module

(c)   Either one two term module or two one term modules offered in the Department of Archaeology, subject to the instructor's consent and the approval of the MPhil co-ordinators.

In addition, students take the Research Skills module and write a 15,000 word dissertation on a topic in American Archaeology. The dissertation offers a chance to undertake an independent, original research project under the guidance of academic staff; some are based on laboratory analyses, fieldwork or studies of museum collections, others on analysis of existing databases or published literature.

 

Recent MPhil Dissertations

Some recent MPhil dissertation topics on the Archaeology of the Americas have included:

  • An evaluation of models of camelid exploitation in North-Central Peru
  • Reconstructing pre-Hispanic Prosopis forests of the Peruvian south coast
  • The representation of hallucinogenic plants in pre-Hispanic South American art
  • The significance of the use of moulds in Moche pottery production
  • A performance-based analysis of Chaco Canyon's built environment

This MPhil option also offers the possibility of practical work with the extensive American collections in the Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

 

For further information, contact Dr Elizabeth DeMarrais, co-ordinator for this option.