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Dr Toomas Kivisild

Dr Toomas Kivisild

Reader in Human Evolutionary Genetics

Toomas Kivisild is accepting applications for PhD students.

Henry Wellcome Building
Fitzwilliam Street

Cambridge CB2 1QH
Office Phone: +44 (0)1223 764703

Research Interests

My research interests include human evolution and evolutionary population genetics, with a particular focus on questions relating global genetic population structure with evolutionary processes such as selection, drift, migrations and admixture.

Research Supervision

Toomas Kivisild is accepting applications from prospective MPhil and PhD students for research projects on human genetic diversity, ancient DNA, adaptation, sex specific patterns of genetic diversity.

Key Publications

Jobling M, Hollox E, Hurles M, Kivisild, T, Tyler-Smith C (2014). Human Evolutionary Genetics, 2nd Edition, Garland Science, New York and London. 670 p.

Mörseburg A, Pagani L, Ricaut FX, Yngvadottir B, Harney E, Castillo C, Hoogervorst T, Antao T, Kusuma P, Brucato N, Cardona A, Pierron D, Letellier T, Wee J, Abdullah S, Metspalu M, Kivisild T. (2016) Multi-layered population structure in Island Southeast Asians. Eur J Hum Genet [PDF]

Karmin M, Saag L, Vicente M, Wilson Sayres MA, Järve M, Talas UG, Rootsi S, Ilumäe AM, Mägi R, Mitt M, Pagani L, Puurand T, Faltyskova Z, Clemente F, Cardona A, Metspalu E, Sahakyan H, Yunusbayev B, Hudjashov G, DeGiorgio M, Loogväli EL, Eichstaedt C, Eelmets M, Chaubey G, Tambets K, Litvinov S, Mormina M, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Zoraqi G, Korneliussen TS, Akhatova F, Lachance J, Tishkoff S, Momynaliev K, Ricaut FX, Kusuma P, Razafindrazaka H, Pierron D, Cox MP, Sultana GN, Willerslev R, Muller C, Westaway M, Lambert D, Skaro V, Kovačevic L, Turdikulova S, Dalimova D, Khusainova R, Trofimova N, Akhmetova V, Khidiyatova I, Lichman DV, Isakova J, Pocheshkhova E, Sabitov Z, Barashkov NA, Nymadawa P, Mihailov E, Seng JW, Evseeva I, Migliano AB, Abdullah S, Andriadze G, Primorac D, Atramentova L, Utevska O, Yepiskoposyan L, Marjanovic D, Kushniarevich A, Behar DM, Gilissen C, Vissers L, Veltman JA, Balanovska E, Derenko M, Malyarchuk B, Metspalu A, Fedorova S, Eriksson A, Manica A, Mendez FL, Karafet TM, Veeramah KR, Bradman N, Hammer MF, Osipova LP, Balanovsky O, Khusnutdinova EK, Johnsen K, Remm M, Thomas MG, Tyler-Smith C, Underhill PA, Willerslev E, Nielsen R, Metspalu M, Villems R, Kivisild T. (2015) A recent bottleneck of Y chromosome diversity coincides with a global change in culture. Genome Res. 25(4):459-66. [PDF]

Clemente FJ, Cardona A, Inchley CE, Peter BM, Jacobs G, Pagani L, Lawson DJ, Antão T, Vicente M, Mitt M, DeGiorgio M, Faltyskova Z, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Szpak M, Mägi R, Eriksson A, Manica A, Raghavan M, Rasmussen M, Rasmussen S, Willerslev E, Vidal-Puig A, Tyler-Smith C, Villems R, Nielsen R, Metspalu M, Malyarchuk B, Derenko M, Kivisild T. (2014) A Selective Sweep on a Deleterious Mutation in CPT1A in Arctic Populations. Am J Hum Genet. 95(5):584-589. [PDF]

Other Publications

Journal papers:

1. Haber M, Doumet-Serhal C, Scheib C, Xue Y, Danecek P, Mezzavilla M, Youhanna S, Martiniano R, Prado-Martinez J, Szpak M, Matisoo-Smith E, Schutkowski H, Mikulski R, Zalloua P, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C. (2017) Continuity and Admixture in the Last Five Millennia of Levantine History from Ancient Canaanite and Present-Day Lebanese Genome Sequences. Am J Hum Genet. 101:274-282. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2017.06.013. [PDF]

2. Saag L, Varul L, Scheib CL, Stenderup J, Allentoft ME, Saag L, Pagani L, Reidla M, Tambets K, Metspalu E, Kriiska A, Willerslev E, Kivisild T, Metspalu M. (2017) Extensive Farming in Estonia Started through a Sex-Biased Migration from the Steppe. Curr Biol. 2017 27:2185-2193. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2017.06.022. [PDF]

3. Chaubey G, Ayub Q, Rai N, Prakash S, Mushrif-Tripathy V, Mezzavilla M, Pathak AK, Tamang R, Firasat S, Reidla M, Karmin M, Rani DS, Reddy AG, Parik J, Metspalu E, Rootsi S, Dalal K, Khaliq S, Mehdi SQ, Singh L, Metspalu M, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C, Villems R, Thangaraj K. (2017) "Like sugar in milk": reconstructing the genetic history of the Parsi population. Genome Biol. 18(1):110. doi: 10.1186/s13059-017-1244-9. [PDF]

4. Sahakyan H, Hooshiar Kashani B, Tamang R, Kushniarevich A, Francis A, Costa MD, Pathak AK, Khachatryan Z, Sharma I, van Oven M, Parik J, Hovhannisyan H, Metspalu E, Pennarun E, Karmin M, Tamm E, Tambets K, Bahmanimehr A, Reisberg T, Reidla M, Achilli A, Olivieri A, Gandini F, Perego UA, Al-Zahery N, Houshmand M, Sanati MH, Soares P, Rai E, Šarac J, Šarić T, Sharma V, Pereira L, Fernandes V, Černý V, Farjadian S, Singh DP, Azakli H, Üstek D, Ekomasova Trofimova N, Kutuev I, Litvinov S, Bermisheva M, Khusnutdinova EK, Rai N, Singh M, Singh VK, Reddy AG, Tolk HV, Cvjetan S, Lauc LB, Rudan P, Michalodimitrakis EN, Anagnou NP, Pappa KI, Golubenko MV, Orekhov V, Borinskaya SA, Kaldma K, Schauer MA, Simionescu M, Gusar V, Grechanina E, Govindaraj P, Voevoda M, Damba L, Sharma S, Singh L, Semino O, Behar DM, Yepiskoposyan L, Richards MB, Metspalu M, Kivisild T, Thangaraj K, Endicott P, Chaubey G, Torroni A, Villems R. (2017) Origin and spread of human mitochondrial DNA haplogroup U7. Sci Rep. 7:46044. doi: 10.1038/srep46044. [PDF]

5. Kivisild T. (2017) The study of human Y chromosome variation through ancient DNA. Hum Genet. 136(5):529-546. doi: 10.1007/s00439-017-1773-z. [PDF]

6. Mohammad A, De Lucia Rolfe E, Sleigh A, Kivisild T, Behbehani K, Wareham NJ, Brage S, Mohammad T. (2017) Validity of visceral adiposity estimates from DXA against MRI in Kuwaiti men and women. Nutr Diabetes. 7(1):e238. doi: 10.1038/nutd.2016.38. [PDF]

7. Inchley CE, Larbey CD, Shwan NA, Pagani L, Saag L, Antão T, Jacobs G, Hudjashov G, Metspalu E, Mitt M, Eichstaedt CA, Malyarchuk B, Derenko M, Wee J, Abdullah S, Ricaut FX, Mormina M, Mägi R, Villems R, Metspalu M, Jones MK, Armour JA, Kivisild T. (2016) Selective sweep on human amylase genes postdates the split with Neanderthals. Sci Rep. 6:37198. doi: 10.1038/srep37198. [PDF]

8. Skoglund P, Posth C, Sirak K, Spriggs M, Valentin F, Bedford S, Clark GR, Reepmeyer C, Petchey F, Fernandes D, Fu Q, Harney E, Lipson M, Mallick S, Novak M, Rohland N, Stewardson K, Abdullah S, Cox MP, Friedlaender FR, Friedlaender JS, Kivisild T, Koki G, Kusuma P, Merriwether DA, Ricaut FX, Wee JT, Patterson N, Krause J, Pinhasi R, Reich D. (2016) Genomic insights into the peopling of the Southwest Pacific. Nature. 538:510-513 doi: 10.1038/nature19844. [PDF]

9. Mallick S, Li H, Lipson M, Mathieson I, Gymrek M, Racimo F, Zhao M, Chennagiri N, Nordenfelt S, Tandon A, Skoglund P, Lazaridis I, Sankararaman S, Fu Q, Rohland N, Renaud G, Erlich Y, Willems T, Gallo C, Spence JP, Song YS, Poletti G, Balloux F, van Driem G, de Knijff P, Romero IG, Jha AR, Behar DM, Bravi CM, Capelli C, Hervig T, Moreno-Estrada A, Posukh OL, Balanovska E, Balanovsky O, Karachanak-Yankova S, Sahakyan H, Toncheva D, Yepiskoposyan L, Tyler-Smith C, Xue Y, Abdullah MS, Ruiz-Linares A, Beall CM, Di Rienzo A, Jeong C, Starikovskaya EB, Metspalu E, Parik J, Villems R, Henn BM, Hodoglugil U, Mahley R, Sajantila A, Stamatoyannopoulos G, Wee JT, Khusainova R, Khusnutdinova E, Litvinov S, Ayodo G, Comas D, Hammer MF, Kivisild T, Klitz W, Winkler CA, Labuda D, Bamshad M, Jorde LB, Tishkoff SA, Watkins WS, Metspalu M, Dryomov S, Sukernik R, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Pääbo S, Kelso J, Patterson N, Reich D. (2016) The Simons Genome Diversity Project: 300 genomes from 142 diverse populations. Nature. 538:201-206. doi: 10.1038/nature18964. [PDF]

10. Pagani L, Lawson DJ, Jagoda E, Mörseburg A, Eriksson A, Mitt M, Clemente F, Hudjashov G, DeGiorgio M, Saag L, Wall JD, Cardona A, Mägi R, Sayres MA, Kaewert S, Inchley C, Scheib CL, Järve M, Karmin M, Jacobs GS, Antao T, Iliescu FM, Kushniarevich A, Ayub Q, Tyler-Smith C, Xue Y, Yunusbayev B, Tambets K, Mallick CB, Saag L, Pocheshkhova E, Andriadze G, Muller C, Westaway MC, Lambert DM, Zoraqi G, Turdikulova S, Dalimova D, Sabitov Z, Sultana GN, Lachance J, Tishkoff S, Momynaliev K, Isakova J, Damba LD, Gubina M, Nymadawa P, Evseeva I, Atramentova L, Utevska O, Ricaut FX, Brucato N, Sudoyo H, Letellier T, Cox MP, Barashkov NA, Škaro V, Mulahasanovic L, Primorac D, Sahakyan H, Mormina M, Eichstaedt CA, Lichman DV, Abdullah S, Chaubey G, Wee JT, Mihailov E, Karunas A, Litvinov S, Khusainova R, Ekomasova N, Akhmetova V, Khidiyatova I, Marjanović D, Yepiskoposyan L, Behar DM, Balanovska E, Metspalu A, Derenko M, Malyarchuk B, Voevoda M, Fedorova SA, Osipova LP, Lahr MM, Gerbault P, Leavesley M, Migliano AB, Petraglia M, Balanovsky O, Khusnutdinova EK, Metspalu E, Thomas MG, Manica A, Nielsen R, Villems R, Willerslev E, Kivisild T, Metspalu M. (2016) Genomic analyses inform on migration events during the peopling of Eurasia. Nature. 538:238-242. doi: 10.1038/nature19792. [PDF]

11. Jacobs GS, Sluckin TJ, Kivisild T. (2016) Refining the Use of Linkage Disequilibrium as a Robust Signature of Selective Sweeps. Genetics. 203(4):1807-25. doi: 10.1534/genetics.115.185900. [PDF]

12. Ilumäe AM, Reidla M, Chukhryaeva M, Järve M, Post H, Karmin M, Saag L, Agdzhoyan A, Kushniarevich A, Litvinov S, Ekomasova N, Tambets K, Metspalu E, Khusainova R, Yunusbayev B, Khusnutdinova EK, Osipova LP, Fedorova S, Utevska O, Koshel S, Balanovska E, Behar DM, Balanovsky O, Kivisild T, Underhill PA, Villems R, Rootsi S. (2016) Human Y Chromosome Haplogroup N: A Non-trivial Time-Resolved Phylogeography that Cuts across Language Families. Am J Hum Genet. 99:163-73. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2016.05.025. [PDF][Supplementary material]

13. Brucato N, Kusuma P, Cox MP, Pierron D, Purnomo GA, Adelaar A, Kivisild T, Letellier T, Sudoyo H, Ricaut FX. (2016) Malagasy genetic ancestry comes from an historical Malay trading post in Southeast Borneo. Mol Biol Evol [PDF]

14. Mörseburg A, Pagani L, Ricaut FX, Yngvadottir B, Harney E, Castillo C, Hoogervorst T, Antao T, Kusuma P, Brucato N, Cardona A, Pierron D, Letellier T, Wee J, Abdullah S, Metspalu M, Kivisild T. (2016) Multi-layered population structure in Island Southeast Asians. Eur J Hum Genet. 24:1605-1611. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2016.60 [PDF]

15. Eichstaedt CA, Antao T, Cardona A, Pagani L, Kivisild T, Mormina M. (2015) Positive selection of AS3MT to arsenic water in Andean populations. Mutat Res 780:97-102. doi: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2015.07.007 [PDF]

16. Kushniarevich A, Utevska O, Chuhryaeva M, Agdzhoyan A, Dibirova K, Uktveryte I, Möls M, Mulahasanovic L, Pshenichnov A, Frolova S, Shanko A, Metspalu E, Reidla M, Tambets K, Tamm E, Koshel S, Zaporozhchenko V, Atramentova L, Kučinskas V, Davydenko O, Goncharova O, Evseeva I, Churnosov M, Pocheshchova E, Yunusbayev B, Khusnutdinova E, Marjanović D, Rudan P, Rootsi S, Yankovsky N, Endicott P, Kassian A, Dybo A; Genographic Consortium, Tyler-Smith C, Balanovska E, Metspalu M, Kivisild T, Villems R, Balanovsky O. (2015) Genetic Heritage of the Balto-Slavic Speaking Populations: A Synthesis of Autosomal, Mitochondrial and Y-Chromosomal Data. PLoS One 10(9):e0135820. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135820 [PDF]

17. Raghavan M, Steinrücken M, Harris K, Schiffels S, Rasmussen S, DeGiorgio M, Albrechtsen A, Valdiosera C, Ávila-Arcos MC, Malaspinas AS, Eriksson A, Moltke I, Metspalu M, Homburger JR, Wall J, Cornejo OE, Moreno-Mayar JV, Korneliussen TS, Pierre T, Rasmussen M, Campos PF, Damgaard Pde B, Allentoft ME, Lindo J, Metspalu E, Rodríguez-Varela R, Mansilla J, Henrickson C, Seguin-Orlando A, Malmström H, Stafford T Jr, Shringarpure SS, Moreno-Estrada A, Karmin M, Tambets K, Bergström A, Xue Y, Warmuth V, Friend AD, Singarayer J, Valdes P, Balloux F, Leboreiro I, Vera JL, Rangel-Villalobos H, Pettener D, Luiselli D, Davis LG, Heyer E, Zollikofer CP, Ponce de León MS, Smith CI, Grimes V, Pike KA, Deal M, Fuller BT, Arriaza B, Standen V, Luz MF, Ricaut F, Guidon N, Osipova L, Voevoda MI, Posukh OL, Balanovsky O, Lavryashina M, Bogunov Y, Khusnutdinova E, Gubina M, Balanovska E, Fedorova S, Litvinov S, Malyarchuk B, Derenko M, Mosher MJ, Archer D, Cybulski J, Petzelt B, Mitchell J, Worl R, Norman PJ, Parham P, Kemp BM, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C, Sandhu MS, Crawford M, Villems R, Smith DG, Waters MR, Goebel T, Johnson JR, Malhi RS, Jakobsson M, Meltzer DJ, Manica A, Durbin R, Bustamante CD, Song YS, Nielsen R, Willerslev E. (2015) Genomic evidence for the Pleistocene and recent population history of Native Americans. Science 349(6250):aab3884. doi: 10.1126/science.aab3884 [PDF]

18. Sudmant PH, Mallick S, Nelson BJ, Hormozdiari F, Krumm N, Huddleston J, Coe BP, Baker C, Nordenfelt S, Bamshad M, Jorde LB, Posukh OL, Sahakyan H, Watkins WS, Yepiskoposyan L, Abdullah MS, Bravi CM, Capelli C, Hervig T, Wee JT, Tyler-Smith C, van Driem G, Romero IG, Jha AR, Karachanak-Yankova S, Toncheva D, Comas D, Henn B, Kivisild T, Ruiz-Linares A, Sajantila A, Metspalu E, Parik J, Villems R, Starikovskaya EB, Ayodo G, Beall CM, Di Rienzo A, Hammer MF, Khusainova R, Khusnutdinova E, Klitz W, Winkler C, Labuda D, Metspalu M, Tishkoff SA, Dryomov S, Sukernik R, Patterson N, Reich D, Eichler EE. (2015) Global diversity, population stratification, and selection of human copy-number variation. Science 349(6253):aab3761. doi: 10.1126/science.aab3761 [PDF]

19. Pagani L, Schiffels S, Gurdasani D, Danecek P, Scally A, Chen Y, Xue Y, Haber M, Ekong R, Oljira T, Mekonnen E, Luiselli D, Bradman N, Bekele E, Zalloua P, Durbin R, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C. (2015) Tracing the Route of Modern Humans out of Africa by Using 225 Human Genome Sequences from Ethiopians and Egyptians. Am J Hum Genet. 96(6):986-91. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2015.04.019. [PDF]

20. Eichstaedt CA, Antão T, Cardona A, Pagani L, Kivisild T, Mormina M. (2015) Genetic and phenotypic differentiation of an Andean intermediate altitude population. Physiol Rep. 3(5). pii: e12376. doi: 10.14814/phy2.12376. [PDF]

21. Yunusbayev B, Metspalu M, Metspalu E, Valeev A, Litvinov S, Valiev R, Akhmetova V, Balanovska E, Balanovsky O, Turdikulova S, Dalimova D, Nymadawa P, Bahmanimehr A, Sahakyan H, Tambets K, Fedorova S, Barashkov N, Khidiyatova I, Mihailov E, Khusainova R, Damba L, Derenko M, Malyarchuk B, Osipova L, Voevoda M, Yepiskoposyan L, Kivisild T, Khusnutdinova E, Villems R. (2015) The Genetic Legacy of the Expansion of Turkic-Speaking Nomads across Eurasia. PLoS Genet. 11(4):e1005068. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005068 [PDF]

22. Kivisild T. (2015) Maternal ancestry and population history from whole mitochondrial genomes. Investig Genet. 6:3 doi: 10.1186/s13323-015-0022-2 [PDF]

23. Karmin M, Saag L, Vicente M, Wilson Sayres MA, Järve M, Talas UG, Rootsi S, Ilumäe AM, Mägi R, Mitt M, Pagani L, Puurand T, Faltyskova Z, Clemente F, Cardona A, Metspalu E, Sahakyan H, Yunusbayev B, Hudjashov G, DeGiorgio M, Loogväli EL, Eichstaedt C, Eelmets M, Chaubey G, Tambets K, Litvinov S, Mormina M, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Zoraqi G, Korneliussen TS, Akhatova F, Lachance J, Tishkoff S, Momynaliev K, Ricaut FX, Kusuma P, Razafindrazaka H, Pierron D, Cox MP, Sultana GN, Willerslev R, Muller C, Westaway M, Lambert D, Skaro V, Kovačevic L, Turdikulova S, Dalimova D, Khusainova R, Trofimova N, Akhmetova V, Khidiyatova I, Lichman DV, Isakova J, Pocheshkhova E, Sabitov Z, Barashkov NA, Nymadawa P, Mihailov E, Seng JW, Evseeva I, Migliano AB, Abdullah S, Andriadze G, Primorac D, Atramentova L, Utevska O, Yepiskoposyan L, Marjanovic D, Kushniarevich A, Behar DM, Gilissen C, Vissers L, Veltman JA, Balanovska E, Derenko M, Malyarchuk B, Metspalu A, Fedorova S, Eriksson A, Manica A, Mendez FL, Karafet TM, Veeramah KR, Bradman N, Hammer MF, Osipova LP, Balanovsky O, Khusnutdinova EK, Johnsen K, Remm M, Thomas MG, Tyler-Smith C, Underhill PA, Willerslev E, Nielsen R, Metspalu M, Villems R, Kivisild T. (2015) A recent bottleneck of Y chromosome diversity coincides with a global change in culture. Genome Res. 25(4):459-66. doi: 10.1101/gr.186684.114 [PDF]

24. Clemente FJ, Cardona A, Inchley CE, Peter BM, Jacobs G, Pagani L, Lawson DJ, Antão T, Vicente M, Mitt M, DeGiorgio M, Faltyskova Z, Xue Y, Ayub Q, Szpak M, Mägi R, Eriksson A, Manica A, Raghavan M, Rasmussen M, Rasmussen S, Willerslev E, Vidal-Puig A, Tyler-Smith C, Villems R, Nielsen R, Metspalu M, Malyarchuk B, Derenko M, Kivisild T. (2014) A Selective Sweep on a Deleterious Mutation in CPT1A in Arctic Populations. Am J Hum Genet. 95(5):584-589. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.09.016 [PDF]

25. Lazaridis I, Patterson N, Mittnik A, Renaud G, Mallick S, Kirsanow K, Sudmant PH, Schraiber JG, Castellano S, Lipson M, Berger B, Economou C, Bollongino R, Fu Q, Bos KI, Nordenfelt S, Li H, de Filippo C, Prüfer K, Sawyer S, Posth C, Haak W, Hallgren F, Fornander E, Rohland N, Delsate D, Francken M, Guinet JM, Wahl J, Ayodo G, Babiker HA, Bailliet G, Balanovska E, Balanovsky O, Barrantes R, Bedoya G, Ben-Ami H, Bene J, Berrada F, Bravi CM, Brisighelli F, Busby GB, Cali F, Churnosov M, Cole DE, Corach D, Damba L, van Driem G, Dryomov S, Dugoujon JM, Fedorova SA, Gallego Romero I, Gubina M, Hammer M, Henn BM, Hervig T, Hodoglugil U, Jha AR, Karachanak-Yankova S, Khusainova R, Khusnutdinova E, Kittles R, Kivisild T, Klitz W, Kučinskas V, Kushniarevich A, Laredj L, Litvinov S, Loukidis T, Mahley RW, Melegh B, Metspalu E, Molina J, Mountain J, Näkkäläjärvi K, Nesheva D, Nyambo T, Osipova L, Parik J, Platonov F, Posukh O, Romano V, Rothhammer F, Rudan I, Ruizbakiev R, Sahakyan H, Sajantila A, Salas A, Starikovskaya EB, Tarekegn A, Toncheva D, Turdikulova S, Uktveryte I, Utevska O, Vasquez R, Villena M, Voevoda M, Winkler CA, Yepiskoposyan L, Zalloua P, Zemunik T, Cooper A, Capelli C, Thomas MG, Ruiz-Linares A, Tishkoff SA, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Villems R, Comas D, Sukernik R, Metspalu M, Meyer M, Eichler EE, Burger J, Slatkin M, Pääbo S, Kelso J, Reich D, Krause J. (2014) Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans. Nature 513(7518): 409-13. doi: 10.1038/nature13673 [PDF]

26. Raghavan M, DeGiorgio M, Albrechtsen A, Moltke I, Skoglund P, Korneliussen TS, Grønnow B, Appelt M, Gulløv HC, Friesen TM, Fitzhugh W, Malmström H, Rasmussen S, Olsen J, Melchior L, Fuller BT, Fahrni SM, Stafford T Jr, Grimes V, Renouf MA, Cybulski J, Lynnerup N, Lahr MM, Britton K, Knecht R, Arneborg J, Metspalu M, Cornejo OE, Malaspinas AS, Wang Y, Rasmussen M, Raghavan V, Hansen TV, Khusnutdinova E, Pierre T, Dneprovsky K, Andreasen C, Lange H, Hayes MG, Coltrain J, Spitsyn VA, Götherström A, Orlando L, Kivisild T, Villems R, Crawford MH, Nielsen FC, Dissing J, Heinemeier J, Meldgaard M, Bustamante C, O'Rourke DH, Jakobsson M, Gilbert MT, Nielsen R, Willerslev E. (2014) The genetic prehistory of the New World Arctic. Science 345(6200):1255832. doi: 10.1126/science.1255832 [PDF]

27. Cardona A, Pagani L, Antao T, Lawson DJ, Eichstaedt CA, Yngvadottir B, Shwe MT, Wee J, Romero IG, Raj S, Metspalu M, Villems R, Willerslev E, Tyler-Smith C, Malyarchuk BA, Derenko MV, Kivisild T. (2014) Genome-wide analysis of cold adaptation in indigenous Siberian populations. PLoS One 9(5):e98076 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0098076 [PDF]

28. Eichstaedt CA, Antão T, Pagani L, Cardona A, Kivisild T, Mormina M. (2014) The Andean adaptive toolkit to counteract high altitude maladaptation: genome-wide and phenotypic analysis of the Collas. PLoS One. 9(3):e93314. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093314 [PDF]

29. Chaubey G, Singh M, Crivellaro F, Tamang R, Nandan A, Singh K, Sharma VK, Pathak AK, Shah AM, Sharma V, Singh VK, Selvi Rani D, Rai N, Kushniarevich A, Ilumäe AM, Karmin M, Phillip A, Verma A, Prank E, Singh VK, Li B, Govindaraj P, Chaubey AK, Dubey PK, Reddy AG, Premkumar K, Vishnupriya S, Pande V, Parik J, Rootsi S, Endicott P, Metspalu M, Lahr MM, van Driem G, Villems R, Kivisild T, Singh L, Thangaraj K. (2014) Unravelling the distinct strains of Tharu ancestry. Eur J Hum Genet. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2014.36. [PDF]

30. Underhill PA, Poznik GD, Rootsi S, Järve M, Lin AA, Wang J, Passarelli B, Kanbar J, Myres NM, King RJ, Di Cristofaro J, Sahakyan H, Behar DM, Kushniarevich A, Sarac J, Saric T, Rudan P, Pathak AK, Chaubey G, Grugni V, Semino O, Yepiskoposyan L, Bahmanimehr A, Farjadian S, Balanovsky O, Khusnutdinova EK, Herrera RJ, Chiaroni J, Bustamante CD, Quake SR, Kivisild T, Villems R. (2014) The phylogenetic and geographic structure of Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a.  Eur J Hum Genet. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2014.50 [PDF]

31. Pierron D, Razafindrazaka H, Pagani L, Ricaut FX, Antao T, Capredon M, Sambo C, Radimilahy C, Rakotoarisoa JA, Blench RM, Letellier T, Kivisild T. (2014) Genome-wide evidence of Austronesian-Bantu admixture and cultural reversion in a hunter-gatherer group of Madagascar. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 111(3):936-41. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1321860111 [PDF]

32. Raghavan M, Skoglund P, Graf KE, Metspalu M, Albrechtsen A, Moltke I, Rasmussen S, Stafford Jr TW, Orlando L, Metspalu E, Karmin M, Tambets K, Rootsi S, Mägi R, Campos PF, Balanovska E, Balanovsky O, Khusnutdinova E, Litvinov S, Osipova LP, Fedorova SA, Voevoda MI, Degiorgio M, Sicheritz-Ponten T, Brunak S, Demeshchenko S, Kivisild T, Villems R, Nielsen R, Jakobsson M, Willerslev E. (2014) Upper Palaeolithic Siberian genome reveals dual ancestry of Native Americans. Nature 2014 505(7481):87-91. doi: 10.1038/nature12736 [PDF]

33. Rootsi S, Behar DM, Järve M, Lin AA, Myres NM, Passarelli B, Poznik GD, Tzur S, Sahakyan H, Pathak AK, Rosset S, Metspalu M, Grugni V, Semino O, Metspalu E, Bustamante CD, Skorecki K, Villems R, Kivisild T, Underhill PA. (2013) Phylogenetic applications of whole Y-chromosome sequences and the Near Eastern origin of Ashkenazi Levites.  Nat Commun 4:2928. doi: 10.1038/ncomms3928. [PDF]

34. Migliano AB, Romero IG, Metspalu M, Leavesley M, Pagani L, Antao T, Huang DW, Sherman BT, Siddle K, Scholes C, Hudjashov G, Kaitokai E, Babalu A, Belatti M, Cagan A, Hopkinshaw B, Shaw C, Nelis M, Metspalu E, Mägi R, Lempicki RA, Villems R, Lahr MM, Kivisild T. (2013) Evolution of the Pygmy Phenotype: Evidence of Positive Selection from Genome-wide Scans in African, Asian, and Melanesian Pygmies. Hum Biol 85(1-3):251-84. DOI: 10.3378/027.085.0313 [PDF]

35. Basu Mallick C, Iliescu FM, Möls M, Hill S, Tamang R, Chaubey G, Goto R, Ho SY, Gallego Romero I, Crivellaro F, Hudjashov G, Rai N, Metspalu M, Mascie-Taylor CG, Pitchappan R, Singh L, Mirazon-Lahr M, Thangaraj K, Villems R, Kivisild T. (2013) The Light Skin Allele of SLC24A5 in South Asians and Europeans Shares Identity by Descent. PLoS Genet 9(11):e1003912 [PDF]

36. Hudjashov G, Villems R, Kivisild T. (2013) Global patterns of diversity and selection in human tyrosinase gene. PLoS One 8(9):e74307 [PDF]

37. Raj SM, Pagani L, Gallego Romero I, Kivisild T, Amos W. (2013) A general linear model-based approach for inferring selection to climate. BMC Genet 14:87. doi: 10.1186/1471-2156-14-87. [PDF]

38. Hill S, Mohammad TR, Kivisild T (2013) Effect of nomadic subsistence practices on lactase persistence associated genetic variation in Kuwait. Am J Phys Anth. 152:140-4. [PDF]

39. Raj SM, Halebeedu P, Kadandale JS, Lahr MM, Romero IG, Yadhav JR, Iliescu M, Rai N, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Villems R, Thangaraj K, Muniyappa K, Chandra HS, Kivisild T (2013) . Variation at Diabetes- and Obesity-Associated Loci May Mirror Neutral Patterns of Human Population Diversity and Diabetes Prevalence in India. Ann Hum Genet. 77:392-408 [PDF]

40. Huerta-Sánchez E, Degiorgio M, Pagani L, Tarekegn A, Ekong R, Antao T, Cardona A, Montgomery HE, Cavalleri GL, Robbins PA, Weale ME, Bradman N, Bekele E, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C, Nielsen R (2013) Genetic signatures reveal high-altitude adaptation in a set of Ethiopian populations. Mol Biol Evol. 30:1877-88 [PDF]

41. Gonçalves VF, Stenderup J, Carvalho C, Silva HP, Líryo A, Gonçalves-Dornelas H, Kivisild T, Malaspinas AS, Raghavan M, Campos P, Rasmussen M, Willerslev E, Pena SDJ (2013) Mitochondrial DNA lineages of Polynesian affiliation in an extinct Native Amerindian population from Brazil. PNAS 110:6465–6469 [PDF]

42. Rai N, Chaubey G, Tamang R, Pathak AK, Singh V, Karmin M, Singh M, Selvi-Rani D, Anugula S, Yadav BK, Singh A, Srinivasagan R, Yadav A, Kashyap M,  Reddy AG, van Driem G, Underhill PA, Villems R, Kivisild T, Singh L, Thangaraj K (2012) The phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup H1a reveals the likely Indian origin of the European Romani populations. PLoS One 2012;7(11):e48477 [PDF]

43. Pennarun E, Kivisild T, Metspalu E, Metspalu M, Moisan J-P, Behar DM, Jones SC, Villems R (2012) Did mtDNA haplogroups M1 and U6 co-disperse with Afro-Asiatic languages in North Africa? BMC Evol Biol. 12(1):234 [PDF]

44. Pagani L, Kivisild T, Tarekegn A, Ekong R, Plaster C, Gallego Romero I, Ayub Q, Mehdi SQ, Thomas MG, Luiselli D, Bekele E, Bradman N, Balding DJ, Tyler-Smith C (2012) Ethiopian Genetic Diversity reveals linguistic stratification and complex influences on the Ethiopian gene pool. Am J Hum Genet. 91:83-96 [PDF]

45. Rootsi S, Myres NM, Lin AA, Järve M, King RJ, Kutuev I, Cabrera VM, Khusnutdinova EK, Varendi K, Sahakyan H, Behar D, Balanovsky O, Balanovska E, Rudan P, Yepiskoposyan L, Bahmanimehr A, Kushniarevich A, Herrera RJ, Grugni V, Battaglia V, Nici C, Semino O, Kashani BH, Houshmand M, Sanati MH, Karacanak S, Toncheva D, Galabo AS, Lisa A, Crobu F, Chiaroni J, Di Cristofaro J, Villems R, Kivisild T, Underhill PA (2012) Distinguishing co-ancestries of European and Caucasian human Y-chromosomes within haplogroup G. Eur J Hum Genet. 20(12):1275-82 [PDF]

46. Behar DM, van Oven M, Rosset S, Metspalu M, Loogväli EL, Silva NM, Kivisild T, Torroni A, Villems R (2012). A "Copernican" Reassessment of the Human Mitochondrial DNA Tree from its Root. Am J Hum Genet. 90:675-84. [PDF]

47. Gallego Romero I, Basu Mallick C, Liebert A, Crivellaro F, Chaubey G, Itan Y, Metspalu M, Eaaswarkhanth M, Pitchappan R, Villems R, Reich D, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Thomas MG, Swallow DM, Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T. (2012). Herders of Indian and European Cattle Share Their Predominant Allele for Lactase Persistence. Mol Biol Evol. 29:249-60 [PDF]

48. Yunusbayev B, Metspalu M, Järve M, Kutuev I, Rootsi S, Metspalu E, Behar DM, Varendi K, Sahakyan H, Khusainova R, Yepiskoposyan L, Khusnutdinova EK, Underhill PA, Kivisild T, Villems R. (2012). The Caucasus as an asymmetric semipermeable barrier to ancient human migrations. Mol Biol Evol. 29:359-65 [PDF]

49. Metspalu M, Romero IG, Yunusbayev B, Chaubey G, Mallick CB, Hudjashov G, Nelis M, Mägi R, Metspalu E, Remm M, Pitchappan R, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Villems R, Kivisild T (2011) Shared and unique components of human population structure and genome-wide signals of positive selection in South Asia. Am J Hum Genet. 89(6):731-44 [PDF]

50. Rasmussen M, Guo X, Wang Y, Lohmueller KE, Rasmussen S, Albrechtsen A, Skotte L, Lindgreen S, Metspalu M, Jombart T, Kivisild T, Zhai W, Eriksson A, Manica A, Orlando L, De La Vega FM, Tridico S, Metspalu E, Nielsen K, Ávila-Arcos MC, Moreno-Mayar JV, Muller C, Dortch J, Gilbert MT, Lund O, Wesolowska A, Karmin M, Weinert LA, Wang B, Li J, Tai S, Xiao F, Hanihara T, van Driem G, Jha AR, Ricaut FX, de Knijff P, Migliano AB, Gallego Romero I, Kristiansen K, Lambert DM, Brunak S, Forster P, Brinkmann B, Nehlich O, Bunce M, Richards M, Gupta R, Bustamante CD, Krogh A, Foley RA, Lahr MM, Balloux F, Sicheritz-Pontén T, Villems R, Nielsen R, Wang J, Willerslev E. (2011) An Aboriginal Australian genome reveals separate human dispersals into Asia. Science 334(6052):94-8. [PDF]

51. Scholes C, Siddle K, Ducourneau A, Crivellaro F, Järve M, Rootsi S, Bellatti M, Tabbada K, Mormina M, Reidla M, Villems R, Kivisild T, Mirazon Lahr M, Bamberg Migliano A. (2011). Genetic diversity and evidence for population admixture in Batak Negritos from Palawan. Am J Phys Anthropol. 146(1):62-72 [PDF]

52. Chaubey G, Metspalu M, Choi Y, Mägi R, Gallego Romero I, Soares P, van Oven M, Behar DM, Rootsi S, Hudjashov G, Basu Mallick C, Karmin M, Nelis M, Parik J, Reddy AG,  Metspalu E, van Driem G, Xue Y, Tyler-Smith C, Thangaraj K, Singh L, Remm M, Richards MB, Mirazon-Lahr M, Kayser M, Villems R, Kivisild T (2011). Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-specific Admixture. Mol Biol Evol. 28(2):1013-24. [PDF]

53. Myres NM, Rootsi S, Lin AA, Järve M, King RJ, Kutuev I, Cabrera VM, Khusnutdinova EK, Pshenichnov A, Yunusbayev B, Balanovsky O, Balanovska E, Rudan P, Baldovic M,  Herrera RJ, Chiaroni J, Di Cristofaro J, Villems R, Kivisild T, Underhill P (2011). A major Y-chromosome haplogroup R1b Holocene era founder effect in central and western Europe. Eur J Hum Genet. 19(1):95-101 [PDF]

54. Thangaraj K, Naidu BP, Crivellaro F, Tamang R, Upadhyay S, Sharma VK, Reddy AG,  Walimbe R, Chaubey G, Kivisild T, Singh L (2010). The influence of natural barriers in shaping the genetic structure of Maharashtra populations. PLoS One. e15283. [PDF]

55. Melchior L, Lynnerup N, Siegismund HR, Kivisild T, Dissing J (2010). Genetic Diversity among Ancient Nordic Villagers. PloS One 5(7):e11898 [PDF]

56. Rasmussen M, Li Y, Lindgreen S, Pedersen JS, Albrechtsen A, Moltke I, Metspalu M,  Metspalu E, Kivisild T, Gupta R, Bertalan M, Nielsen K, Gilbert MTP, Wang Y,  Raghavan M, Campos P, Munkholm Kamp H, Wilson AS, Gledhill A, Tridico S,  Bunce M, Lorenzen ED, Binladen J, Guo X, Zhao J, Zhang X, Zhang H, Li Z, Chen M,  Orlando L, Kristiansen K, Bak M, Tommerup N, Bendixen C, Pierre T, Grønnow B, Meldgaard M, Andreasen C, Fedorova SA, Osipova LP, Higham T, Ramsey CB, Hansen T, Nielsen FC,  Crawford M, Brunak S, Sicheritz-Pontén T, Villems R, Nielsen R, Krogh A, Wang J, Willerslev E (2010). The Diploid Genome of an Extinct Palaeo-Eskimo. Nature. 463(7282):757-62. [PDF]

57. Underhill P, Myres N, Rootsi S, Metspalu M, Zhivotovsky L, King R, Lin A, Chow C-E, Semino O, Battaglia V, Kutuev I, Järve M, Chaubey G, Ayub Q, Mohyuddin A, Mehdi SQ, Sengupta S, Rogaev E, Khusnutdinova EK, Pshenichnov A, Balanovsky O, Balanovska E, Jeran N, Augustin DH, Baldovic M, Herrera R, Thangaraj K, Singh L, Majumder P, Rudan P, Primorac D, Villems R, Kivisild T (2010) Major Y Chromosome Founder Effect In Early Holocene Eastern Europe. Eur J Hum Genet. 18(4):479-84 [PDF]

58. Chiaroni J, King RJ, Myres NM, Henn BM, Ducourneau A, Mitchell MJ, Sheikha I, Lin AA, Nik-Ahd M, Ahmad J, Lattanzi F, Herrera RJ, Ibrahim ME, Brody A, Semino O, Kivisild T, Underhill PA (2010) The emergence of Y chromosome haplogroup J1e amongst Arabic speaking populations. Eur J Hum Genet. 18(3):348-53. [PDF]

59. Eaaswarkhanth M, Haque I, Ravesh Z, Gallego Romero I, Chaubey G, Meganathan PR, Dubey B, Khan FA, Kivisild T, Tyler-Smith C, Singh L, Thangaraj K (2010) The Genetic Heritage of Indian Muslims. Eur J Hum Genet. 18(3):354-63. [PDF]

60. Tabbada K, Trejaut J, Loo JH, , Mirazón Lahr M, Kivisild T, Ungria MC (2010) Philippine mitochondrial DNA diversity: a populated viaduct between Taiwan and Indonesia? Mol Biol Evol 27:21-31 [PDF]

61. Loogväli E-L, Kivisild T, Margus T, Villems R (2009) Postglacial acceleration in the accumulation of non-synonymous and RNA mutations in human mitochondrial DNA genealogy. PloS One. 4(12): e8260 [PDF]

62. Martinon F, Kaldma K, Sikut R, Čulina S, Romain G, Tuomela M, Adojaan M, Männik A, Toots U, Kivisild T, Morin J, Brochard P, Delache B, Tripiciano A, Ensoli F, Stanescu I, Le Grand R, Ustav M (2009). Persistent Immune Responses Induced by a HIV DNA Vaccine Delivered in Association with Electroporation in the Skin of Nonhuman Primates. Hum Gene Ther 20(11):1291-307. [PDF]

63. Järve M, Zhivotovsky L, Rootsi S, Help H, Rogaev E, Khusnutdinova E, Kivisild T, Sanchez JJ. (2009) Application of 6 penta- and 1 hexanucleotide STR markers to Y chromosome population studies. Decreased rate of evolution in Y chromosome STR loci of increased size of the repeat unit. PloS ONE 4(9):e7276. [PDF]

64. Krjutškov K, Viltrop T, Merilo A, Palta P, Metspalu E, Tamm E, Suvi S, Sak K, Sork H,  Nikopensius T, Kivisild T,  Metspalu A (2009) Evaluation of the 124plex SNP typing microarray for forensic testing. Forensic Sci Int Genet 4:43-8 [PDF]

65. Petraglia M, Haslam M, Korisettar R, Boivin N, Chaubey G, Clarkson C, Ditchfield P, Fuller D, James H, Jones S, Kivisild T, Koshy J, Mirazón Lahr M, Metspalu M, Miracle P, Roberts R and Arnold L (2009) Population increase and environmental deterioration correspond with microlithic innovations in South Asia ca. 35,000 years ago. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:12261-6 [PDF]

66. Bandelt H-J, Yao Y-G,  Bravi CM,  Salas A, Kivisild T. (2009) Median network analysis of defectively sequenced entire mitochondrial genomes from early and contemporary disease studies. J Hum Genet. 54(3):174-81 [PDF]

67. Hartmann A, Thieme M, Nanduri LK, Stempfl T, Möhle C, Kivisild T, Oefner PJ. (2009) Validation of microarray-based resequencing of 93 worldwide mitochondrial genomes. Human Mutation 30(1):115-22. [PDF]

68. Chaubey G, Karmin M, Metspalu E, Metspalu M, Rani DS, Singh VK, Parik J, Solnik A, Reddy AG, Naidu BP, Adarsh N, Kumar A, Basu Mallick C, Trivedi B, Prakash S, Reddy R, Bhagat S, Vasnik S, Khan I, Sahoo D, Sharma A, Rashid M, Chandra V, Torroni A, Foley RA, Singh L, Thangaraj K, Kivisild T, Villems R (2008) Phylogeography of mtDNA Haplogroup R7 in India: Directional Gene Flow or Language Shift? BMC Evol Biol 8:227 [PDF]

69. Gilbert MTP, Kivisild T, Grønnow B, Andersen PK, Metspalu E, Reidla M, Tamm E, Axelsson E, Götherström A, Campos P, Rasmussen M, Higham TFG, Koch A, Andreassen C, Meldgaard M, Villems R, Bendixen C, Willerslev E (2008). Palaeo-Eskimo Mitochondrial Genome Reveals Independent Early Human Migration into the New World Far North. Science 320(5884):1787-9 [PDF]

70. Melchior L, Kivisild T, Lynnerup N, Dissing J. (2008) Evidence of Authentic Viking DNA from Skeletons Untouched by Humans for 1,000 Years. PloS One 3(5):e2214. [PDF]

71. Behar D, Metspalu E, Kivisild T, Rosset S, Tzur S, Hadid Y, Yudkovsky G,  Rosengarten D, Pereira L, Amorim A, Kutuev I, Gurwitz D, Bonne-Tamir B, Villems, R, Skorecki K. (2008) Counting the founders: the matrilineal genetic ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora. PloS One 3(4):e2062 [PDF]

72. Chaubey G, Metspalu M, Karmin M, Thangaraj K, Rootsi S, Parik J, Solnik A, Rani DS, Singh VK, Naidu BP, Reddy AG, Metspalu E, Singh L, Kivisild T, Villems R. (2008) Language Shift by Indigenous Population: A Model Genetic Study in South Asia. Int J Hum Genet. 8:41-50 [PDF]

73. Thangaraj K, Chaubey G, Kivisild T, SelviRani D, Kumar Singh V,  Ismail T, Carvalho-Silva D, Metspalu M, Bhaskara LVKS, Reddy AG, Chandra S, Pande V, Naidu P, Adarsh N, Verma A, Jyothi IA, Mallick CB, Shrivastava N, Devasena R, Kumari B, Singh AK, Diwedi SKD, Singh S, Rao G, Gupta P, Kumari K, Basha A, Bhargavi KR, Lalremruatap A, Gupta AK, Reddy KK, Rao AP, Villems R, Tyler-Smith C, Singh L (2008) Maternal Footprints of Southeast Asians in North India. Hum Hered. 66:1-9 [PDF]

74. Balanovsky O, Rootsi S, Pshenichnov A, Kivisild T, Churnosov M, Evseeva I, Pocheshkhova E, Boldyreva M, Yankovsky N, Balanovska E, Villems R (2008) Two sources of the Russian patrilineal heritage in their Eurasian context. Am J Hum Genet. 82:236-50 [PDF]

75. Melchior L, Gilbert M, Kivisild T, Lynnerup N, Dissing J (2008) Surprising number of rare mtDNA haplogroups amongst Danish Iron-Age villagers. Am J Phys Anthrop. 135:206-15. [PDF]

76. Underhill P, Kivisild T (2007) Use of Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA population structure in tracing human migrations. Annu. Rev. Genet. 41:539–64 [PDF]

77. Tamm E, Kivisild T, Reidla M, Metspalu M, Smith DG, Mulligan CJ, Bravi CM, Rickards O, Martinez-Labarga C, Khusnutdinova EK, Fedorova SA, Golubenko MV, Stepanov VA, Gubina MA, Zhadanov SI, Ossipova LP, Damba L, Voevoda MI, Dipierri JE, Villems R, Malhi RS. (2007) Beringian standstill and spread of Native American founders. PLoS ONE. 2(9):e829. [PDF]

78. Hudjashov G, Kivisild T, Underhill P, Endicott P, Sanchez J, Lin A, Shen P, Oefner P, Renfrew C, Villems R,  Forster P. (2007) Revealing the prehistoric settlement of Australia by Y-chromosome and mtDNA analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8726-30 [PDF]

79. Aggarwal R. K.; Kivisild T.; Ramadevi J.; Singh L. (2007). Indian wolves represent ancient lineages and new wolf species in evolution. J Zool Syst Evol Res 45: 163-172. [PDF]

80. Adojaan M, Mölder T, Männik A, Kivisild T, Villems R, Krispin T, Ustav M. (2007). High prevalence of the CCR5Δ32 HIV-resistance mutation among Estonian HIV-1-infected individuals. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:193-197 [PDF]

81. Endicott P, Sanchez J.J., Metspalu E., Behar D.M., Kivisild T. (2007). The unresolved location of Ötzi's mtDNA within haplogroup K. Am J Phys Anthrop. 132:590-591 [PDF]

82. Rootsi S, Zhivotovsky L, Baldovic M, Kayser M, Kutuev I.A., Khusainova R., Bermisheva M.A., Gubina M., Fedorova S.A., Ilumäe A.-M., Khusnutdinova E.K., Voevoda M.I., Osipova L.P., Stoneking M., Lin A.A., Ferak V., Parik J., Kivisild T., Underhill P.A., Villems R. (2007). A counter-clockwise northern route of the Y-chromosome haplogroup N from Southeast Asia towards Europe. Europ J Hum Genet. 15:204-11 [PDF]

83. Richard C, Pennarun E, Kivisild T, Tambets K, Tolk H-V, Metspalu E, Reidla M, Chevalier S, Giraudet S, Barać-Lauc L, Peričić M, Claustres M, Journel H, Dorvall I, Müller C, Villems R, Chaventré A, Moisan J-P, (2007) France: evidences for microgeographical differentiation and neighbours affinities: the case of Bretons and Basques. Ann Hum Biol. 34: 68-79 [PDF]

84. Bandelt H-J, Yao Y-G, Salas A, Kivisild T, Bravi C.M. (2007) High penetrance of sequencing errors and interpretative shortcomings in mtDNA sequence analysis of LHON patients. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 352:283-91 [PDF]

85. Chaubey G, Metspalu M., Kivisild T., Villems R. (2007) Peopling of South Asia: investigating the caste-tribe continuum in India. BioEssays 29:91-100. [PDF]

86. Roostalu U, Kutuev I, Loogvali EL, Metspalu E, Tambets K, Reidla M, Khusnutdinova EK, Usanga E, Kivisild T, Villems R. (2007) Origin and Expansion of Haplogroup H, the Dominant Human Mitochondrial DNA Lineage in West Eurasia: the Near Eastern and Caucasian Perspective. Mol Biol Evol. 24:436-48 [PDF]

87. Sahoo S, Singh A, Himabindu G, Banerjee J, Sitalaximi T, Gaikwad S, Trivedi R, Endicott P, Kivisild T, Metspalu M, Villems R, Cooper A, Kashyap V. K. A (2006) Prehistory of Indian Y chromosomes: evaluating demic diffusion scenarios. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 103(4):843-8 [PDF]

88. Behar DM, Metspalu E, Kivisild T, Achilli A, Hadid Y, Tzur S, Pereira L, Amorim A, Quintana-Murci L, Majamaa K, Herrnstadt C, Howell N, Balanovsky O, Kutuev I, Pshenichnov A, Gurwitz D, Bonne-Tamir B, Torroni A, Villems R, Skorecki K. (2006) The Matrilineal Ancestry of the Ashkenazi Jewry: Portrait of a Recent Founder Event. Am J Hum Genet 78(3):487-97 [PDF]

89. Kivisild T, Shen P, Wall D, Do B, Sung R, Davis K, Passarino G, Underhill PA, Scharfe C, Torroni A, Scozzari R, Modiano D, Coppa A, de Knijff P, Feldman M, Cavalli-Sforza LL, Oefner PJ. (2006) The role of selection in the evolution of human mitochondrial genomes. Genetics 172(1):373-87 [PDF]

90. Bandelt H-J, Kivisild, T. (2006) Quality assessment of DNA data: autopsy of a mis-sequenced mtDNA population sample. Annals of Human Genetics 70:314-326. [PDF]

91. Thangaraj K, Chaubey G, Kivisild T, Reddy AG, Singh VK, Rasalkar AA, Singh L (2005) Reconstructing the origin of the enigmatic Andaman Islanders. Science 308(5724):996. [PDF]

92. Babalini, C.; Martínez-Labarga, C.; Tolk, H.-V.; Giampaolo, R.; Tarsi, T.; Contini,  I.; Barać,  L.; Janićijević, B.; Martinović Klarić, I.; Peričić,  M.; Sujoldžić, A.; Kivisild, T.; Villems, R.; Biondi, G.; Rudan, P.; Rickards, O. (2005) The genetic history of the Croatian linguistic minority of Molise (southern Italy): a maternal view. Eur J Hum Genet. 13(8):902-12 [PDF]

93. Trejaut, J.; Kivisild, T.; Loo, J.H.; Li, Z.Y.; Lee, H.L.; Chang, H.L.; Chu, C.C.; Lin, M. (2005) Polynesian maternal origins trace back to Taiwan. PLoS Biology. 3(8):e247 [PDF]

94. Leroi AM, Bartke A, Benedictis GD, Franceschi C, Gartner A, Gonos E, Feder ME, Kivisild T, Lee S, Kartal-Ozer N, Schumacher M, Sikora E, Slagboom E, Tatar M, Yashin AI, Vijg J, Zwaan B. (2005)  What evidence is there for the existence of individual genes with antagonistic pleiotropic effects? Mech Ageing Dev. 126(3):421-9. [PDF]

95. Thangaraj, K.; Sridhar, V.; Kivisild, T.; Reddy, A.; Kaur, S.; Chandra, Y.; Agarawal, P.; Rai, A.; Gupta, J.; Kumar, N.; Velavan, T.; Suganthan, R.; Udaykumar, D.; Pal, R.; Mishra, R.; Khan, A.; Annapurna, C.; Singh, L. (2005). India: Source for the Modern South East Asians. Hum Genet 116:507-517. [PDF]

96. Gonçalves, R.; Freitas, A.; Branco, M.; Rosa, A.; Fernandes, A.; Zhivotovsky, L.; Underhill, P.; Kivisild, T.; Brehm, A. (2005) Y-chromosome lineages from Portugal, Madeira and Açores record elements of Sephardim and Berber ancestry. Ann Hum Genet 69(Pt 4):443-54 [PDF]

97. Adojaan, M.; Kivisild, T.; Männik, A.; Krispin, T.; Ustina, V.; Zilmer, K.; Liebert, E.;  Jaroslavtsev, N.; Priimägi, L.; Tefanova, V.; Schmidt, J.; Krohn, K.; Villems, R.; Salminen, M.; Ustav, M. (2005) Predominance of a rare type of HIV-1 in Estonia. J AIDS. 39(5):598-605 [PDF]

98. Kivisild, T.; Reidla M, Metspalu E, Rosa A, Brehm A, Pennarun E, Parik J, Geberhiwot T, Usanga E, Villems R. (2004) Ethiopian mitochondrial DNA heritage: tracking gene flow across and around the gate of tears. Am J Hum Genet. 75:752-770 [PDF]

99. Achilli A., Rengo C., Magri C., Battaglia V., Olivieri A., Scozzari R., Cruciani F., Zeviani M., Briem E., Carelli V., Moral P., Dugoujon J.M. Roostalu U., Loogvali E.L., Kivisild T., Bandelt H.J., Richards M., Villems R., Santachiara-Benerecetti A.S., Semino O., Torroni A. (2004) The Molecular Dissection of mtDNA Haplogroup H Confirms That the Franco-Cantabrian Glacial Refuge Was a Major Source for the European Gene Pool. Am J Hum Genet. 75:910-908. [PDF]

100. Bandelt H.-J., Yao Y.-G., Kivisild T. (2005) Mitochondrial genes and schizophrenia. Schizophr Res 72:267-9 [PDF]

101. Metspalu M., Kivisild T., Metspalu E., Parik J., Hudjashov G., Kaldma K., Serk P., Karmin M., Behar D.M., Gilbert M.T., Endicott P., Mastana S., Papiha S.S., Skorecki K., Torroni A., Villems R. (2004) Most of the extant mtDNA boundaries in south and southwest Asia were likely shaped during the initial settlement of Eurasia by anatomically modern humans. BMC Genet. 5:26 [PDF]

102. Shen P., Lavi T., Kivisild T., Chou V., Sengun D., Gefel D., Shpirer I., Woolf E., Hillel J., Feldman M.W., Oefner P.J. (2004) Reconstruction of patrilineages and matrilineages of Samaritans and other Israeli populations from Y-chromosome and mitochondrial DNA sequence variation. Hum Mutat.24:248-260. [PDF]

103. Loogvali E.L., Roostalu U., Malyarchuk B.A., Derenko M.V., Kivisild T., Metspalu E., Tambets K., Reidla M., Tolk H.V., Parik J., Pennarun E., Laos S., Lunkina A., Golubenko M., Barac L., Pericic M., Balanovsky O.P., Gusar V., Khusnutdinova E.K., Stepanov V., Puzyrev V., Rudan P., Balanovska E.V., Grechanina E., Richard C., Moisan J.P., Chaventre A., Anagnou N.P., Pappa K.I., Michalodimitrakis E.N., Claustres M., Golge M., Mikerezi I., Usanga E., Villems R.  (2004) Disuniting Uniformity: A Pied Cladistic Canvas of mtDNA Haplogroup H in Eurasia. Mol Biol Evol 21:2012-2021 [PDF]

104. Rosa A., Brehm A., Kivisild T., Metspalu E., Villems R. (2004) MtDNA profile of West Africa Guineans: towards a better understanding of the Senegambia region. Ann Hum Genet. 68:340-352 [PDF]

105. Rootsi, S.; Magri, C.; Kivisild, T.; Benuzzi, G.; Help, H.; Bermisheva, M.; Kutuev, I.; Barać, L.; Peričić, M.; Balanovsky, O.; Pshenichnov, A.; Dion, D.; Grobei, M.; Zhivotovsky, L.; Battaglia, V.; Achilli, A.; Al-Zahery, N.; Parik, J.; King, R.; Cinnioġlu, C.; Khusnutdinova, E.; Rudan, P.; Balanovska, E.; Scheffrahn, W.; Simonescu, M.; Brehm, A.; Goncalves, R.; Rosa, A.; Moisan, J.-P.; Ferak, V.; Füredi, S.; Oefner, P.; Shen, P.; Beckman, L.; Mikerezi, I.; Terzić, R.;  Primorac, D.; Cambon-Thomsen, A.; Krumina, A.; Torroni, A.; Underhill, P.; Santachiara-Benerecetti, A.; Villems, R.; Semino, O. Phylogeography of Y-chromosome haplogroup I reveals distinct domains of prehistoric gene flow in Europe. Am J Hum Genet 75:128-137 [PDF]

106. Tambets, K.; Rootsi, S.; Kivisild, T.; Help, H.; Serk, P.; Loogväli, E.-L.; Tolk, H.-V.; Reidla, M.; Metspalu, E.; Pliss, L.; Balanovsky, O.; Pshenichnov, A.; Balanovska,  E.; Gubina, M.; Zhadanov, S.; Osipova, L.; Damba, L.; Voevoda, M.; Kutuev, I.; Bermisheva, M.; Khusnutdinova, E.; Gusar, V.; Grechanina, E.; Parik, J.; Pennarun, E.; Chaventre,  A.; Moisan,  J.-P.; Barać, L.; Peričić, M.; Rudan, P.; Terzić, R.; Mikerezi, I.; Krumina, A.; Baumanis, V.; Koziel, S.; Rickards, O.; De Stefano, G.-F.; Anagnou, N.; Pappa, K.; Michalodimitrakis, E.; Ferák, V.; Füredi, S.; Komel, R.; Beckman, L.; Villems, R. (2004) The western and eastern roots of the Saami – the story of genetic “outliers” told by mtDNA and Y-chromosome. Am J Hum Genet 74:661-682 [PDF]

107. Cinnioglu, C.; King, R.; Kivisild, T.; Kalfoglu, E.; Atasoy, S.; Cavalleri, G.P.; Lillie, A.S.; Roseman, C.C.; Lin, A.A.; Prince, K.; Oefner, P.J.; Shen, P.; Semino, O.; Cavalli-Sforza, L.L.; Underhill, P.A. (2004) Excavating Y-chromosome haplotype strata in Anatolia. Hum Genet. 114:127-148 [PDF]

108. Zhivotovsky, L.A.; Underhill, P.A.; Cinnioglu, C.; Kayser, M.; Morar, B.; Kivisild, T.; Scozzari, R.; Cruciani, F.; Destro-Bisol, G.; Spedini, G.; Chambers, G.K.; Herrera, R.J.; Yong, K.K.; Gresham, D.; Tournev, I.; Feldman, M.; Kalaydjieva, L. (2004) On the effective mutation rate at Y-chromosome STRs with application to human population divergence time. Am J Hum Genet 74: 50-61 [PDF]

109. Kivisild, T.,  Rootsi, S., Metspalu, M., Mastana, S., Kaldma, K., Parik, J.,  Metspalu, E., Adojaan, M., Tolk, H.-V., Stepanov, V., Gölge, M.,  Usanga, E., Papiha, S.S., Cinnioglu, C., King, R., Cavalli-Sforza, L., Underhill, P. A., Villems, R. (2003). The genetic heritage of the earliest settlers persists both in Indian tribal and caste populations. Am  J Hum Genet. 72:313-332 [PDF]

110. Yao Y.G., Macauley V., Kivisild T., Zhang Y.P., Bandelt H.-J. (2003). To trust or not to trust an idiosyncratic mitochondrial data set. Am J Hum Genet. 72:1341-1346 [PDF]

111. Barac L., Pericic M., Klaric I.M., Rootsi S., Janicijevic B., Kivisild T., Parik J., Rudan I., Villems R., Rudan P. (2003). Y chromosomal heritage of Croatian population and its island isolates. Eur J Hum Genet. 11:535-542. [PDF]

112. Goncalves R., Rosa A., Freitas A., Fernandes A., Kivisild T., Villems R. Brehm A. (2003). Y-chromosome lineages in Cabo Verde Islands witness the diverse geographic origin of its first male settlers. Hum Genet. 113:467-472 [PDF]

113. Brehm A., Pereira L., Kivisild T., Amorim A. (2003). Mitochondrial portraits of the Madeira and Acores archipelagos witness different genetic pools of its settlers. Hum Genet. 114:77-86 [PDF]

114. Reidla, M.; Kivisild, T.; Metspalu, E.; Kaldma, K.; Tambets, K.; Tolk, H.-V.; Parik, J.; Loogväli, E.-L.; Derenko, M.; Malyarchuk, B.; Bermisheva, M.; Zhadanov, S.; Pennarun, E.; Gubina, M.; Golubenko, M.; Damba, L.; Fedorova, S.; Gusar, V.; Grechanina, E.; Mikerezi, I.; Moisan, J.-P.; Chaventré, A.; Khusnutdinova, E.; Osipova, L.; Stepanov, V.; Voevoda, M.; Achilli, A.; Rengo, C.;  Rickards, O.; De Stefano, G.-F.; Papiha, S.; Beckman, L.; Janicijevic, B.; Rudan, P.; Anagnou, N.; Michalodimitrakis, E.; Koziel, S.; Usanga, E.; Geberhiwot, T.; Herrnstadt, C.; Howell, N.; Torroni, A.; Villems, R. (2003). Origin and Diffusion of mtDNA Haplogroup X. Am J Hum Genet. 73:1178-1190 [PDF]

115. Endicott, P.; Macaulay, V.; Kivisild, T.; Stringer, C.; Cooper, A. (2003). Reply to Cordaux and Stoneking. Am J Hum Genet 72: 1590-1593 [PDF]

116. Bandelt, H.-J.; Herrnstadt, C.; Yao, Y.-G.; Kong, Q.-P.; Kivisild, T.; Rengo, C.; Scozzari, R.; Richards, M.; Villems, R.; Macaulay, V.; Howell, N.; Torroni, A.; Zhang, Y.-P. (2003). Identification of Native American founder mtDNAs through the analysis of complete mtDNA sequences: some caveats. Ann Hum Genet. 67:512-524. [PDF]

117. Kivisild, T, Tolk, HV, Parik, J, Wang, Y, Papiha, SS, Bandelt, HJ, Villems, R.  (2002). The emerging limbs and twigs of the East Asian mtDNA tree. Mol Biol Evol. 19: 1737-1751 [PDF]

118. Yao, YG, Kong, QP, Bandelt, HJ, Kivisild, T, Zhang YP. Phylogeographic differentiation of mitochondrial DNA in Han Chinese. (2002). Am J Hum Genet. 70: 635-651 [PDF]

119. Tolk, HV, Barac, L, Pericic, M, Klaric, IM, Janicijevic, B, Campbell, H, Rudan, I, Kivisild, T, Villems, R, Rudan, P. (2001). The evidence of mtDNA haplogroup F in a European population and its ethnohistoric implications. Eur J Hum Genet. 9:717-723 [PDF]

120. Torroni A, Bandelt HJ, Macaulay V, Richards M, Cruciani F, Rengo C, Martinez-Cabrera V, Villems R, Kivisild T, Metspalu E, Parik J, Tolk HV, Tambets K, Forster P, Karger B, Francalacci P, Rudan P, Janicijevic B, Rickards O, Savontaus ML, Huoponen K, Laitinen V, Koivumaki S, Sykes B, Hickey E, Novelletto A, Moral P, Sellitto D, Coppa A, Al-Zaheri N, Santachiara-Benerecetti AS, Semino O, Scozzari R. (2001).  A signal, from human mtDNA, of postglacial recolonization in Europe. Am J Hum Genet. 69:844-852 [PDF]

121. Bamshad M, Kivisild T, Watkins WS, Dixon ME, Ricker CE, Rao BB, Naidu JM, Prasad BV, Reddy PG, Rasanayagam A, Papiha SS, Villems R, Redd AJ, Hammer MF, Nguyen SV, Carroll ML, Batzer MA, Jorde LB. (2001). Genetic evidence on the origins of Indian caste populations.  Genome Res. 11: 994-1004 [PDF]

122. Tambets, K., Rootsi, S., Kivisild, T., Villems, R. (2001). The concepts of Richard Indreko about the origin of the Finno-Ugries and the population genetics of the extant North-East European populations. TRAMES 5(55/50), 1:59-74 [PDF]

123. Rosser ZH, Zerjal T, Hurles ME, Adojaan M, Alavantic D, Amorim A, Amos W, Armenteros M, Arroyo E, Barbujani G, Beckman G, Beckman L, Bertranpetit J, Bosch E, Bradley DG, Brede G, Cooper G, Corte-Real HB, de Knijff P, Decorte R, Dubrova YE, Evgrafov O, Gilissen A, Glisic S, Golge M, Hill EW, Jeziorowska A, Kalaydjieva L, Kayser M, Kivisild T, Kravchenko SA, Krumina A, Kucinskas V, Lavinha J, Livshits LA, Malaspina P, Maria S, McElreavey K, Meitinger TA, Mikelsaar AV, Mitchell RJ, Nafa K, Nicholson J, Norby S, Pandya A, Parik J, Patsalis PC, Pereira L, Peterlin B, Pielberg G, Prata MJ, Previdere C, Roewer L, Rootsi S, Rubinsztein DC, Saillard J, Santos FR, Stefanescu G, Sykes BC, Tolun A, Villems R, Tyler-Smith C, Jobling MA. (2000). Y-Chromosomal diversity in Europe is clinal and influenced primarily by geography, rather than by language. Am J Hum Genet 67: 1526-1543 [PDF]

124. Richards M, Macaulay V, Hickey E, Vega E, Sykes B, Guida V, Rengo C, Sellitto D, Cruciani F, Kivisild T, Villems R, Thomas M, Rychkov S, Rychkov O, Rychkov Y, Golge M, Dimitrov D, Hill E, Bradley D, Romano V, Cali F, Vona G, Demaine A, Papiha S, Triantaphyllidis C, Stefanescu G, Hatina J, Belledi M, Di Rienzo A, Novelletto A, Oppenheim A, Norby S, Al-Zaheri N, Santachiara-Benerecetti S, Scozari R, Torroni A, Bandelt HJ. (2000). Tracing European founder lineages in the Near Eastern mtDNA pool. Am J Hum Genet 67: 1251-1276 [PDF]

125. Kivisild, T., Villems, R. (2000). Questioning evidence for recombination in human mitochondrial DNA. Science 288:1931 [PDF]

126. Kivisild, T., Bamshad, M., Kaldma, K., Metspalu, M., Metspalu, E., Reidla, M., Laos, S., Parik, J., Watkins, W.S., Dixon, M. E., Papiha, S.S., Mastana, S.S., Mir, M.R., Ferak, V., Villems, R. (1999). Deep common ancestry of Indian and western Eurasian mitochondrial DNA lineages. Current Biology 9: 1331-1334 [PDF]

 

Book chapters:

127. Kivisild T (2014) Genetic Bottlenecks in Archaeology. In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. Springer. pp 2997-3000

128. Kivisild T (2013) Founder effect. In: Stanley Maloy and Kelly Hughes, ed. Brenner’s Encyclopedia of Genetics 2nd edition, Vol 3. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 100–101.

129. Thomas MG, Kivisild T, Chikhi L, Burger J (2013) Europe and western Asia: genetics and population history. In The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. Ness, I. & P. Bellwood (eds.). Malden, MA and Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 146-56. Online ISBN: 9781444351071

130. Trejaut J, Kivisild T, Loo JH, Lee CL, He CL, Lin M (2008) Maternal lineages trace the origin of Polynesians back to Taiwan. In Past Human Migrations in East Asia. Ed. A. Sanchez-Mazas, R. Blench, M. D Ross, I. Peiros, M. Lin. Series: Routledge Studies in the Early History of Asia. Routledge. pp. 334-348.

131. Kivisild T. (2007) Complete MtDNA sequences – quest on ‘Out of Africa’ route completed? In Rethinking the Human Revolution. Ed. P. Mellars and K. Boyle. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21-32.

132. Endicott P, Metspalu M, Kivisild T. (2007) Genetic evidence on modern human dispersals in South Asia: Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA perspectives. In The Evolution and History of Human Populations in South Asia: Inter-disciplinary Studies in Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Linguistics and Genetics. M. Petraglia and B. Allchin (Eds). Springer. pp. 229-244

133. Kivisild, T.; Metspalu, M.; Bandelt, H.-J.; Richards, M. B.; Villems, R. (2006) The world mtDNA phylogeny. In the Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology series: Bandelt, H-J; Macaulay, V; Richards, M. (Ed.). Human mitochondrial DNA and the evolution of Homo sapiens. Springer Heidelberg. pp. 147-178.

134. Metspalu, M.; Kivisild, T.; Villems, R. (2006) The pioneer settlement of modern humans in Asia. In the Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology series: Bandelt, H-J; Macaulay, V; Richards, M. (Ed.). Human mitochondrial DNA and the evolution of Homo sapiens. Springer Heidelberg. pp. 179-197.

135. Richards, M.B.; Bandelt, H.-J.; Kivisild, T.; Oppenheimer, S. (2006) A model for the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa. In the Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology series: Human mitochondrial DNA and the evolution of Homo sapiens. Springer-Verlag. pp. 225-265.

136. Bandelt, H.-J.; Kivisild, T.; Parik, J.; Villems, R.; Bravi, C.; Yao, Y.-G.; Parson, W. (2006) Lab-specific mutation processes. In the Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology series: Human mitochondrial DNA and the evolution of Homo sapiens. Springer-Verlag. pp. 117-146.

137. Kivisild, T.; Rootsi, S.; Metspalu, M.; Metspalu, E.; Parik, J.; Kaldma, K.; Usanga, E.; Mastana, S.; Papiha, S.; Villems, R. (2003). The genetics of language and Farming spread in India. In the McDonald Insitiute Monographs: Examining the farming/ language dispersal hypothesis. Short Run Press. pp. 215-222.

138. Tambets, K.; Tolk, H.-V.; Kivisild, T.; Metspalu, E.; Parik, J.; Reidla, M.; Voevoda, M.; Damba, L.; Bermisheva, M.; Khusnutdinova, E.; Golubenko, M.; Stepanov, V.; Puzyrev, V.; Usanga, E.; Rudan, P.; Beckman, L.; Villems, R. (2003). Complex signals for population expansions in Europe and beyond. In the McDonald Insitiute Monographs: Examining the farming/ language dispersal hypothesis. Short Run Press. pp. 449-457.

139. Kivisild, T., Papiha, S.S.,  Rootsi, S., Parik, J., Kaldma, K., Reidla, M., Laos, S., Metspalu, M., Pielberg, G., Adojaan, M., Metspalu, E., Mastana, S.S., Wang, Y., Gölge, M., Demirtas, H., Schnakenberg, E., De Stefano, G.F., Geberhiwot, T., Claustres, M.,  Villems, R. (2000). An Indian ancestry: a key for understanding human diversity in Europe and beyond. In Archaeogenetics: DNA and the population prehistory of Europe. Ed. C. Renfrew and K. Boyle. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research Monograph Series, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 267-275.

140. Tambets, K.,  Kivisild, T., Metspalu, E., Parik, J., Kaldma, K., Laos, S., Tolk, H.-V.,  Gölge, M., Demirtas, H., Geberhiwot, T., Papiha, S.S., De Stefano, G.F., Villems, R. (2000). The topology of the maternal lineages of the Anatolian and Trans-Caucasus populations and the peopling of Europe: some preliminary considerations. In Archaeogenetics: DNA and the population prehistory of Europe. Ed. C. Renfrew and K. Boyle. McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research Monograph Series, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 219-235.

141. Rootsi, S., Kivisild, T., Tambets, K., Adojaan, M., Parik, J., Reidla, M., Metspalu, E., Laos, S., Tolk, H.-V., Villems, R. On the phylogeographic context of sex-specific genetic markers of Finno-Ugric populations. (2000). In The roots of peoples and languages of northern Eurasia II and III. Societas Historiae Fenno-Ugricae, Turku. pp. 148-165.

142. Kivisild, T., Kaldma, K., Metspalu, M., Parik, J., Papiha, S.S., Villems, R. (1999). The place of Indian mitochondrial DNA variants in the global network of maternal lineages and the peopling of the Old World. In Genomic Diversity. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York. pp. 135-152.

143. Metspalu, E., Kivisild, T., Kaldma, K., Parik, J., Reidla, M., Tambets, K., Villems, R. (1999). The Trans-Caucasus and the expansion of the aucasoid-specific human mitochondrial DNA. In Genomic Diversity. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York. pp. 121-134.

Villems, R., Adojaan, M., Kivisild, T., Metspalu, E., Parik, J., Pielberg, G., Rootsi, S., Tambets, K., Tolk, H.-V. (1998). Reconstruction of maternal lineages of Finno-Ugric speaking people and some remarks on their paternal inheritance. In The roots of peoples and languages of northern Eurasia I. Societas Historiae Fenno-Ugricae, Turku. pp. 180-200.