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Dr Jay Stock

Dr Jay Stock

Reader in Human Evolution and Adaptability

Fellow of Downing College

Pembroke Street
Cambridge CB2 3QG
Office Phone: +44 (0)1223 335 463

Research Interests

My research primarily concerns understanding the mechanisms which drive the biological diversification of our species. I have particular interest in differentiating neutral variation from 'adaptive' variation, and the relationship between natural selection and the origins of human plasticity. I work primarily as a human bioarchaeologist, but also conduct research on living humans. Research in both fields aims understand the evolution of human phenotypic variation, to identify the mechanisms underlying human adaptabiliy in response to colonisation events, and to understand the impact of these mechanisms on skeletal biology and the fossil record.

Keywords

  • skeletal robusticity
  • skeletal biology
  • the Pleistocene-Holocene transition
  • hunter-gatherer behavioural ecology
  • body size and allometry
  • the origins of agriculture and sedentary societies
  • biomechanics and behaviour
  • morphological integration
  • bioarchaeology
  • coastal hunter-gatherer adaptations
  • human growth and development
  • evolutionary ecology
  • phenotypic plasticity
  • the evolution of human variation
  • functional morphology and locomotion

Key Publications

Books

[1]

Pinhasi R. and Stock J.T. (2011). Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture.

Other Publications

Articles & Chapters

[1]

Macintosh A.A., Pinhasi R. and Stock J.T. (2016). Early Life Conditions and Physiological Stress following the Transition to Farming in Central/Southeast Europe: Skeletal Growth Impairment and 6000 Years of Gradual Recovery.. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0148468.

[2]

Stock J.T. and Macintosh A.A. (2016). Lower limb biomechanics and habitual mobility among mid-Holocene populations of the Cis-Baikal. Quaternary International DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.04.052.

[3]

Faccia K., Waters-Rist A., Lieverse A.R., Bazaliiskii V.I., Stock J.T. and Katzenberg M.A. (2015). Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in a middle Holocene forager from Lake Baikal, Russia: Potential causes and the effect on quality of life. Quaternary International, 405, 66-79. DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.011.

[4]

Gallego Llorente M., Jones E.R., Eriksson A., Siska V., Arthur K.W., Arthur J.W., Curtis M.C., Stock J.T., Coltorti M., Pieruccini P., Stretton S., Brock F., Higham T., Park Y., Hofreiter M., Bradley D.G., Bhak J., Pinhasi R. and Manica A. (2015). Ancient Ethiopian genome reveals extensive Eurasian admixture throughout the African continent.. Science, 350(6262), 820-822. DOI: 10.1126/science.aad2879.

[5]

Longman D., Wells J.C. and Stock J.T. (2015). Can persistence hunting signal male quality? A test considering digit ratio in endurance athletes.. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121560.

[6]

Macintosh A.A., Davies T.G., Pinhasi R. and Stock J.T. (2015). Declining tibial curvature parallels ∼6150 years of decreasing mobility in Central European agriculturalists.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 157(2), 260-275. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22710.

[7]

Maher L., Richter T., Stock J.T. and Jones M. (2015). Preliminary Results from Recent Excavations at the Epipalaeolithic Site of Kharaneh IV. F. Khraysheh and G. Rollefson (eds.), Jordan’s Prehistory: Past and Future Research. Amman.: Department of Antiquities of Jordan.

[8]

Pomeroy E., Wells J.C., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Moore L.G., Cole T.J. and Stock J.T. (2015). Surname-inferred Andean ancestry is associated with child stature and limb lengths at high altitude in Peru, but not at sea level.. Am J Hum Biol, 27(6), 798-806. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.22725.

[9]

Will M. and Stock J.T. (2015). Spatial and temporal variation of body size among early Homo. Journal of Human Evolution, 82, 15-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.02.009.

[10]

Will M. and Stock J.T. (2015). Spatial and temporal variation of body size among early Homo.. J Hum Evol, 82, 15-33. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.02.009.

[11]

Davies T.G., Pomeroy E., Shaw C.N. and Stock J.T. (2014). Mobility and the skeleton: A biomechanical view. Past Mobilities: Archaeological Approaches to Movement and Mobility. 129-154.

[12]

Davies T.G. and Stock J.T. (2014). Human variation in the periosteal geometry of the lower limb: Signatures of behaviour among human Holocene populations. Reconstructing Mobility: Environmental, Behavioral, and Morphological Determinants. 67-90. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4899-7460-0-5.

[13]

Davies T.G. and Stock J.T. (2014). The influence of relative body breadth on the diaphyseal morphology of the human lower limb. American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council, 26(6), 822-835. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.22606.

[14]

Longman D., Hutchinson J.C., Stock J.T. and Wells J.C.K. (2014). Attentional Strategies During Rowing. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences, 10, 321-331. DOI: 10.6000/1927-5129.2014.10.42.

[15]

Macintosh A.A., Pinhasi R. and Stock J.T. (2014). Divergence in male and female manipulative behaviors with the intensification of metallurgy in Central Europe.. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0112116.

[16]

Macintosh A.A., Pinhasi R. and Stock J.T. (2014). Lower limb skeletal biomechanics track long-term decline in mobility across ~6150 years of agriculture in Central Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science, 52, 376-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2014.09.001.

[17]

Maher L., Macdonald D., Stock J.T., Aleksa A. and Banning E.B. (2014). Two Early Epipalaeolithic Sites in Wadi Taiyiba, Northern Jordan. Paléorient, 40(1), 73-97.

[18]

Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Cole T.J., O'Callaghan M. and Wells J.C. (2014). Relationships between neonatal weight, limb lengths, skinfold thicknesses, body breadths and circumferences in an Australian cohort.. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105108.

[19]

Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J. and Wells J.C. (2014). Stunting, adiposity, and the individual-level "dual burden" among urban lowland and rural highland Peruvian children.. Am J Hum Biol, 26(4), 481-490. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.22551.

[20]

Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J. and Wells J.C.K. (2014). Stunting, adiposity, and the individual-level "dual burden" among urban lowland and rural highland peruvian children. American Journal of Human Biology, 26(4), 481-490. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.22551.

[21]

Pomeroy E., Wells J.C., Cole T.J., O'Callaghan M. and Stock J.T. (2014). Relationships of maternal and paternal anthropometry with neonatal body size, proportions and adiposity in an Australian cohort.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 156(4), 625-636. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22680.

[22]

Pomeroy E., Wells J.C., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J. and Stock J.T. (2014). Birth month associations with height, head circumference, and limb lengths among Peruvian children.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 154(1), 115-124. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.22484.

[23]

Shaw C.N., Stock J.T., Davies T.G. and Ryan T.M. (2014). Does the distribution and variation in cortical bone along lower limb diaphyses reflect selection for locomotor economy?. Reconstructing Mobility: Environmental, Behavioral, and Morphological Determinants. 49-66. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4899-7460-0-4.

[24]

Stock J.T.(2013). The skeletal phenotype of 'Negritos' from the Andaman Islands and Philippines relative to global variation among hunter-gatherers.. Human Biology

[25]

Gómez-Olivencia A., Been E., Arsuaga J.L. and Stock J.T. (2013). The Neandertal vertebral column 1: The cervical spine. Journal of Human Evolution, 64(6), 608-630. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.02.008.

[26]

Gómez-Olivencia A., Been E., Arsuaga J.L. and Stock J.T. (2013). The Neandertal vertebral column 1: the cervical spine.. J Hum Evol, 64(6), 608-630. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.02.008.

[27]

Macintosh A.A., Davies T.G., Ryan T.M., Shaw C.N. and Jay T S. (2013). Periosteal versus true cross-sectional geometry: A comparison along humeral, femoral, and tibial diaphyses. American Journal of Physical Anthropology

[28]

Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J. and Wells J.C. (2013). Associations between arterial oxygen saturation, body size and limb measurements among high-altitude Andean children.. Am J Hum Biol, 25(5), 629-636. DOI: 10.1002/ajhb.22422.

[29]

Richter T., Maher L.A., Garrard A.N., Edinborough K., Jones M.D. and Stock J.T. (2013). Epipalaeolithic settlement dynamics in southwest Asia: New radiocarbon evidence from the Azraq Basin. Journal of Quaternary Science, 28(5), 467-479. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2629.

[30]

Shaw C.N. and Stock J.T. (2013). Extreme mobility in the Late Pleistocene? Comparing limb biomechanics among fossil Homo, varsity athletes and Holocene foragers.. J Hum Evol, 64(4), 242-249. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.01.004.

[31]

Stock J.T., Shirley M.K., Sarringhaus L.A., Davies T.G. and Shaw C.N. (2013). Skeletal evidence for variable patterns of handedness in chimpanzees, human hunter-gatherers, and recent British populations.. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1288, 86-99. DOI: 10.1111/nyas.12067.

[32]

von Cramon-Taubadel N., Stock J.T. and Pinhasi R. (2013). Skull and limb morphology differentially track population history and environmental factors in the transition to agriculture in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1337.

[33]

von Cramon-Taubadel N., Stock J.T. and Pinhasi R. (2013). Skull and limb morphology differentially track population history and environmental factors in the transition to agriculture in Europe.. Proc Biol Sci DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1337.

[34]

Davies T.G., Shaw C.N. and Stock J.T. (2012). A test of a new method and software for the rapid estimation of cross-sectional geometric properties of long bone diaphyses from 3D laser surface scans. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 4(4), 277-290. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-012-0101-8.

[35]

Diaz A.L., O'Connell T.C., Maher L.A. and Stock J.T. (2012). Subsistence and mobility strategies in the Epipalaeolithic: a stable isotope analysis of human and faunal remains at 'Uyun al-Hammam, northern Jordan. Journal of Archaeological Science

[36]

Maher L.A., Richter T., Macdonald D., Jones M.D., Martin L. and Stock J.T. (2012). Twenty Thousand-Year-Old huts at a Hunter-Gatherer settlement in Eastern Jordan. PLoS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031447.

[37]

Maher L.A., Richter T. and Stock J.T. (2012). The Pre-Natufian Epipaleolithic: Long-term Behavioral Trends in the Levant. Evolutionary Anthropology, 21(2), 69-81. DOI: 10.1002/evan.21307.

[38]

Pomeroy E. and Stock J.T. (2012). Estimation of stature and body mass from the skeleton among coastal and mid-altitude andean populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 147(2), 264-279. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21644.

[39]

Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Stanojevic S., Miranda J.J., Cole T.J. and Wells J.C.K. (2012). Trade-Offs in Relative Limb Length among Peruvian Children: Extending the Thrifty Phenotype Hypothesis to Limb Proportions. PLoS ONE DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051795.

[40]

Shaw C.N., Hofmann C.L., Petraglia M.D., Stock J.T. and Gottschall J.S. (2012). Neandertal humeri may reflect adaptation to scraping tasks, but not spear thrusting.. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040349.

[41]

Wells J.C., Desilva J.M. and Stock J.T. (2012). The obstetric dilemma: An ancient game of Russian roulette, or a variable dilemma sensitive to ecology?. American Journal of Physical Anthropology

[42]

Stock J.T.(2011). Body Size, Skeletal Biomechanics, Mobility and Habitual Activity from the Late Palaeolithic to the Mid-Dynastic Nile Valley. R. Pinhasi and J.T. Stock (eds.), Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. Wiley.

[43]

Lieverse A.R., Stock J.T., Katzenberg M.A. and Haverkort C.M. (2011). The Bioarchaeology of Habitual Activity and Dietary Change in the Siberian Middle Holocene. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. 263-291. DOI: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch11.

[44]

Longman D., Stock J.T. and Wells J.C. (2011). Digit ratio (2D:4D) and rowing ergometer performance in males and females.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 144(3), 337-341. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21407.

[45]

Longman D., Stock J.T. and Wells J.C. (2011). Fluctuating asymmetry as a predictor for rowing ergometer performance.. Int J Sports Med, 32(8), 606-610. DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1275301.

[46]

Maher L.A., Banning E.B. and Chazan M. (2011). Oasis or Mirage? Assessing the Role of Abrupt Climate Change in the Prehistory of the Southern Levant. CAMB ARCHAEOL J, 21(1), 1-29. DOI: 10.1017/S0959774311000011.

[47]

Maher L.A., Stock J.T., Finney S., Heywood J.J., Miracle P.T. and Banning E.B. (2011). A unique human-fox burial from a pre-Natufian cemetery in the Levant (Jordan).. PLoS One DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015815.

[48]

Nikita E., Siew Y.Y., Stock J., Mattingly D. and Lahr M.M. (2011). Activity patterns in the Sahara Desert: an interpretation based on cross-sectional geometric properties.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 146(3), 423-434. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21597.

[49]

Pinhasi R., Stefanović S., Papathanasiou A. and Stock J.T. (2011). Variability in Long Bone Growth Patterns and Limb Proportions within and Amongst Mesolithic and Neolithic Populations from Southeast Europe. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. 177-202. DOI: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch8.

[50]

Richter T., Garrard A.N., Allock S. and Maher L.A. (2011). Interaction before Agriculture: Exchanging Material and Sharing Knowledge in the Final Pleistocene Levant. CAMB ARCHAEOL J, 21(1), 95-114. DOI: 10.1017/S0959774311000060.

[51]

Shaw C.N. and Stock J.T. (2011). The Influence of Body Proportions on Femoral and Tibial Midshaft Shape in Hunter-Gatherers. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL, 144(1), 22-29. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21363.

[52]

Stock J.T. and Pinhasi R. (2011). Introduction: Changing Paradigms in Our Understanding of the Transition to Agriculture: Human Bioarchaeology, Behaviour and Adaptaion. Human Bioarchaeology of the Transition to Agriculture. 1-13. DOI: 10.1002/9780470670170.ch1.

[53]

Wells J.C.K. and Stock J.T. (2011). Re-examining heritability: Genetics, life history and plasticity. Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, 22(10), 421-428. DOI: 10.1016/j.tem.2011.05.006.

[54]

Bondioli L., Bayle P., Dean C., Mazurier A., Puymerail L., Ruff C., Stock J.T., Volpato V., Zanolli C. and Macchiarelli R. (2010). Technical Note: Morphometric Maps of Long Bone Shafts and Dental Roots for Imaging Topographic Thickness Variation. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL, 142(2), 328-334. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21271.

[55]

Buck L.T., Stock J.T. and Foley R.A. (2010). Levels of Intraspecific Variation Within the Catarrhine Skeleton. INT J PRIMATOL, 31(5), 779-795. DOI: 10.1007/s10764-010-9428-0.

[56]

Kurki H.K., Ginter J.K., Stock J.T. and Pfeiffer S. (2010). Body Size Estimation of Small-Bodied Humans: Applicability of Current Methods. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL, 141(2), 169-180. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21127.

[57]

Leonard W.R., Stock J.T. and Valeggia C.R. (2010). Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Diet and Nutrition. EVOL ANTHROPOL, 19(3), 85-86. DOI: 10.1002/evan.20250.

[58]

Pomeroy E., Stock J.T., Zakrzewski S.R. and Lahr M.M. (2010). A Metric Study of Three Types of Artificial Cranial Modification from North-Central Peru. INT J OSTEOARCHAEOL, 20(3), 317-334. DOI: 10.1002/oa.1044.

[59]

Richter T., Stock J.T., Maher L. and Hebron C. (2010). An Early Epipalaeolithic sitting burial from the Azraq Oasis, Jordan. ANTIQUITY, 84(324), 321-334.

[60]

Stock J.T., Bazaliiskii V.I., Goriunova O.I., Savel'ev N.A. and Weber A.W. (2010). Skeletal morphology, climatic adaptation, and habitual behavior among mid-holocene cis-baikal populations. Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherers of the Baikal Region, Siberia: Bioarchaeological Studies of Past Life Ways. 193-216.

[61]

Stock J.T. and Buck D.L. (2010). Canalization and plasticity in humans and primates: implications for interpreting the fossil record.. 150 años después de Darwin: ¿evolución, future o crisis? Lecciones sobre evolución humana.. Madrid: Instituto Tomos Pascual Sanz / Centro Nacional de Investigació. 91-101.

[62]

Shaw C.N. and Stock J.T. (2009). Intensity, repetitiveness, and directionality of habitual adolescent mobility patterns influence the tibial diaphysis morphology of athletes.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 140(1), 149-159. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21064.

[63]

Shaw C.N. and Stock J.T. (2009). Habitual throwing and swimming correspond with upper limb diaphyseal strength and shape in modern human athletes.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 140(1), 160-172. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.21063.

[64]

Stock J.T. and Migliano A.B. (2009). Stature, Mortality, and Life History among Indigenous Populations of the Andaman Islands, 1871-1986. CURR ANTHROPOL, 50(5), 713-725. DOI: 10.1086/605429.

[65]

Stock J.T.(2008). Are humans still evolving? Technological advances and unique biological characteristics allow us to adapt to environmental stress. Has this stopped genetic evolution?. EMBO Rep, 9 Suppl 1, S51-S54. DOI: 10.1038/embor.2008.63.

[66]

Kurki H.K., Ginter J.K., Stock J.T. and Pfeiffer S. (2008). Adult proportionality in small-bodied foragers: A test of ecogeographic expectations. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL, 136(1), 28-38. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20774.

[67]

Kurki H.K., Ginter J.K., Stock J.T. and Pfeiffer S. (2007). Body size reconstruction in a small-bodied sample: applicability of current methods.. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL

[68]

Starling A.P. and Stock J.T. (2007). Dental indicators of health and stress in early Egyptian and Nubian agriculturalists: a difficult transition and gradual recovery.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 134(4), 520-528. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20700.

[69]

Stock J.T. and Lahr M.M. (2007). Climate, human dispersals, and adaptation in body size and physique among indigenous populations of the Americas and Siberia.. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL

[70]

Stock J.T. and Shaw C.N. (2007). Which measures of diaphyseal robusticity are robust? A comparison of external methods of quantifying the strength of long bone diaphyses to cross-sectional geometric properties.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 134(3), 412-423. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20686.

[71]

Wells J.C.K. and Stock J.T. (2007). The Biology of the Colonizing Ape. YEARB PHYS ANTHROPOL, 50, 191-222. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20735.

[72]

Stock J.T.(2006). Hunter-gatherer postcranial robusticity relative to patterns of mobility, climatic adaptation, and selection for tissue economy.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 131(2), 194-204. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20398.

[73]

Stock J.T.(2005). Biological anthropology and ethics: From repatriation to genetic identity. J ANTHROPOL RES, 61(3), 429-431.

[74]

Stock J.T., Pfeiffer S.K., Chazan M. and Janetski J. (2005). F-81 skeleton from Wadi Mataha, Jordan, and its bearing on human variability in the Epipaleolithic of the Levant.. Am J Phys Anthropol, 128(2), 453-465. DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.20163.

[75]

Stock J.T.(2004). Differential constraints on the pattern of skeletal robusticity in human limbs relative to climatic and behavioral influences on morphology. AM J PHYS ANTHROPOL

[76]

Stock J.T. and Pfeiffer S.K. (2004). Long bone robusticity and subsistence behaviour among Later Stone Age foragers of the forest and fynbos biomes of South Africa. J ARCHAEOL SCI, 31(7), 999-1013. DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2003.12.012.