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Dr Giulio Lucarini

Dr Giulio Lucarini

Marie Curie Senior Research Fellow

Associate Member St Edmund's College

Archaeology of North Africa

Giulio Lucarini is available for consultancy.

McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research
Downing street
West Building, Office 3.1

Cambridge CB2 3ER
Office Phone: +447463719292

Research Interests

My research interests focus on the transition from foraging to food production economies in North Africa, and examine how human societies of the Sahara, the North African littoral and Nile Valley coped with extremely variable environments occurring during Early and Mid Holocene. My long term research in the Egyptian Western Desert evaluates the cultural contributions made by Saharan regions in the formation of Egyptian Pre and Protodynastic societies.

I am particularly interested in the study of material culture, especially lithic production, and how artefact assemblages reflect possible socio-economic change and a modification in the human-environment interaction.

A further interest is concerned with the study and preservation of Saharan rock art sites. 

 

Current Research

 The ways in which North African hunting groups acquired the first domesticated livestock and committed to their use forms the hub of my current research project. This research involves investigating the chronology and location of the first appearance of the Near Eastern domesticates in North Africa, their subsequent spread, and any cultural interactions involved in these processes. A multidisciplinary approach is adopted, involving the use of the following methodologies:

  • AMS dating on botanical and zoological material;
  • Organic residue analysis on grinding stones;
  • Geochemical, techno-typological and functional study of lithic artefacts.

This will help clarifying the nature of local subsistence practices including reliance on wild or produced foods, and the extent of cultural ties between far-flung desert sites.

The project will therefore address the following questions as it aims to establish the nature of the early Neolithic in a region of fundamental importance to the spread of agriculture into Europe:

  1. When did Near Eastern domesticated plants and animals first arrive in North Africa, and where?
  2. How was the exploitation of Near Eastern domesticates integrated with the use of African wild plants and animals?
  3. How did foragers and early farmers interact with each other? To what extent could the study of local technologies indicate interactions between these different groups?
  4. Which pathways were followed by the different domesticates as they spread (together or separately) along the North African coast and Nile Valley?

 

Directed Project

  • AGRINA - Human transitional pathways towards food production in North Africa: Technological and environmental signatures (University of Cambridge).
  • IAMFO - Italian Archaeological Mission in the Farafra Oasis, Egypt. Codirection: Barbara Barich (ISMEO, Rome) - Giulio Lucarini (University of Cambridge - ISMEO, Rome).

 

Research Projects

I am presently involved in the following research projects in Egypt and Libya:

  • TRANS-NAP - Cultural transformations and environmental transitions in North African prehistory (University of Cambridge) (http://www.arch.cam.ac.uk/haua-fteah/)
  • Italian-Libyan Joint Archaeological Project in the Jebel Gharbi (Sapienza University of Rome – University of Cassino).
  • Archaeological Mission in the Eastern Desert, Egypt (University of Naples L’Orientale).
  • Gilf Kebir Conservation Project, Egypt (Italian Development Cooperation).
  • Mersa/Wadi Gawasis Archaeological Project, Egypt (University of Naples L’Orientale – Boston University).

Keywords

  • Material Culture
  • Evolution
  • Prehistory
  • Migration and Mobility
  • hunter-gatherer behavioural ecology
  • Egypt
  • Africa
  • Environmental reconstruction
  • The Mediterranean
  • bioarchaeology
  • the Pleistocene-Holocene transition
  • the origins of agriculture and sedentary societies
  • Archaeology
  • Landscape
  • evolutionary ecology

Key Publications

 

Other Publications

Book in preparation

Lucarini, G. (2014). Fayum. Ambienti e culture 6000 anni fa in Egitto. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider.

 

Edited books

Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Hamdan, M.A & Hassan, F.A. (eds.). (2014). From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Panunzi B. (2015). I luoghi e gli uomini. Riflessioni e appunti di storia, arte e archeologiaLucarini G. (ed.). Manziana: Vecchiarelli Editore.

 

Refereed journals

Hamdan, M.A. & Lucarini, G. (2013) Holocene paleoenvironmental, paleoclimatic and geoarchaeological significance of the Sheikh El-Obeiyid area (Farafra Oasis, Egypt). Quaternary International 302: 154-68.

Lucarini, G. (2013) Was a transition to food production homogeneous along the circum-Mediterranean littoral? A perspective on the Neolithisation research from the Libyan littoral. In: Shirai, N. (ed.), Neolithisation of Northeastern Africa. Studies in Early Near Eastern Production, Subsistence, and Environment, vol. 16: 149-74. Berlin: ex oriente.

Barca, D., Lucarini, G. & Fedele, F.G. (2012) Provenance of Obsidian Artefacts from the Wādī ath-Thayyilah 3 Neolithic Site (Eastern Yemen Plateau) by LA_ICP_MS. Archaeometry 54, 4: 603-22.

Barker, G., Bennett, P., Farr, L., Hill, E., Hunt, C., Lucarini, G., Morales, J., Mutri, G., Prendergast, A., Pryor, A., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Spry-Marques, P. & Twati, M. (2012) The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2012: the Fifth Season of Investigations of the Haua Fteah Cave. Libyan Studies 43: 115-36.

Lucarini, G. (2011) Il paesaggio antico di Sheikh El Obeiyid (Farafra). La playa e il villaggio tra tecnologia e aspetti simbolici. Scienze dell’Antichità. Storia, Archeologia, Antropologia, 17: 41-55.

Barker, G., Antoniadou, A., Armitage, S., Brooks, I., Candy, I., Connell, K., Douka, K., Drake, N., Farr, L., Hill, E., Hunt, C., Inglis, R., Jones, S., Lane, C., Lucarini, G., Meneely, J., Morales, J., Mutri, G., Prendergast, A., Rabett, R. Reade, H., Reynolds, T., Russell, N., Simpson, D., Smith, B., Stimpson, C., Twati, M. & White, K. (2010) The Cyrenaican Prehistory Project 2010: the Fourth Season of Investigations of the Haua Fteah Cave and Its Landscape, and Further Results from the 2007-2009 Fieldwork. Libyan Studies 41: 63-88.

Fabiani, U. & Lucarini, G. (2010) Spatial Research and Geomatic Resources Applied to the Archaeology of the Farafra Oasis (Western Desert, Egypt). Rivista di Scienze Preistoriche 57, 335-51.

Lucarini, G. & Mutri, G. (2010) Site Sj-00-56: Débitage Analysis and Functional Interpretation of a Later Stone Age Campsite of Jebel Gharbi (Libya). Human Evolution 25, n° 1-2: 155-65.

Lucarini, G. (2009) Percorsi tra la Montagna e il Mare. Nuovi Dati sui Complessi Olocenici della Pianura della Gefara (Libia). Africa 64, 3-4: 433-47.

Mutri, G., & Lucarini, G. (2008) New data on the Late Pleistocene of the Shakshuk area, Jebel Gharbi, Libya. African Archaeological Review 25: 99-107.

Barich, B.E. & Lucarini, G. (2005) L’interazione pastori/agricoltori e le dinamiche del Deserto Occidentale Egiziano. Origini 27: 51-77.

Barich, B.E. & Lucarini, G. (2004-2005) Gli ultimi cacciatori e l’origine dei siti pastorali nel Jebel Gharbi (Libia). Scienze dell’Antichità. Storia, Archeologia, Antropologia 12: 405-13.

Munzi, M., Felici, F., Cifani, G., Cirelli, E., Gaudiosi, E., Lucarini, G. & Matug J. (2003) A Topographic Research Sample in the Territory of Lepcis Magna: Sīlīn. Libyan Studies 35: 11-66. 

Munzi, M., Felici, F., Cifani, G. & Lucarini, G. (2004-2005) Leptis Magna: città e campagna dall’origine alla scomparsa del sistema sedentario antico. Scienze dell’Antichità. Storia, Archeologia, Antropologia 12: 433-71.

 

Book chapters

Barich, B.E. & Lucarini, G. (2014) The Hidden Valley technological complex - An overview. In: Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Hamdan, M.A & Hassan, F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio. 

Barich, B.E. & Lucarini, G. (2014) Social dynamics in Northern Farafra from the middle to late Holocene: changing life under uncertainty. In: Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Hamdan, M.A & Hassan, F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Lucarini, G. (2014) Exploitation and management of wild grasses at Hidden Valley, Farafra Oasis. In: Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Hamdan, M.A & Hassan, F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Lucarini, G. (2014) The bifacial products from Hidden Valley and neighbouring areas in Wadi el Obeiyid. In: Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Hamdan M.A. & Hassan F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Lucarini, G. (2014) Large stone tools from the Hidden Valley Village and basin. Barich, B.E., Lucarini G., Hamdan M.A. & Hassan F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Lucarini, G. (2014) The excavated artefacts from Sectors B/4, D/2, E/1 at Hidden Valley (2003 and 2005 field seasons). In: Barich, B.E., Lucarini G., Hamdan M.A. & Hassan F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Lucarini, G. & Mariotti, E. (2014) The Boats Arch: A new rock art site in Wadi el Obeiyid. In: Barich, B.E., Lucarini G., Hamdan M.A. & Hassan F.A. (eds.), From Lake to Sand. The Archaeology of Farafra Oasis (Egypt). Florence: All’Insegna del Giglio.

Lucarini, G. & Mutri, G. (2014). Microlithism and Landscape Exploitation along the Cyrenaican Coast between the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene: A Matter of Continuity. Boyle, C., Rabett, R. & Hunt, C. (eds.), Living in the Landscape: Essays in Honour of Graeme Barker. McDonald Institute Monographs. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.

Schörle, K. & Lucarini, G. (2014). Évolution et dynamiques d’occupation du littoral tripolitain (Libye). In: Mercuri, L., González Villaescusa, R. & Bertoncello, F. (eds.), Implantations Humaines en Milieu Littoral Méditerranéen: facteurs d’installation et processus d’appropriation de l’espace (Préhistoire, Antiquité, Moyen Âge). XXXIVe recontres internationales d’archéologie et d’histoire d’Antibes, 205-214. Antibes: Éditions APDCA.

Barich, B.E., Crespi, M., Fabiani, U. & Lucarini, G. (2012) Geomatic Resources for Archaeological Survey in Desert Areas - Some Prospects from Farafra Oasis. In: Bagnall, R.S., Davoli, P. & Hope, C.A. (eds.), The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Project, 49-59. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Gallinaro, M. & Hamdan, M.A. (2012) Sheikh/Bir El Obeiyid: Evidence of Sedentism in the Northern Farafra Depression (Western Desert, Egypt). In: Kabaciński, J., Chłodnicki, M. & Kobusiewicz M. (eds.), Prehistory of Northeastern Africa New Ideas and Discoveries. Studies in African Archaeology 11: 255-78. Poznań: Poznań Archaeological Museum.

Lucarini, G. (2012) Early Craftsmen of the Desert. Traces of Predynastic Lithic Technology at Farafra during the Mi-Holocene. In: Bagnall, R.S., Davoli, P. & Hope, C.A. (eds.), The Oasis Papers 6: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference of the Dakhleh Oasis Project, 87-98. Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Barich, B.E., Lucarini, G., Mutri G. & Hamdan M.A. (2010) Oasi di Farafra. L’indagine archeologica nel Wadi el Obeiyid. Campagne di scavo 2008-2009. In: Pirelli, R. (ed.), Ricerche Italiane e Scavi in Egitto IV: 23-40. Cairo: Italian Archaeological Centre. 

Barich, B.E., Crespi, M., Fabiani, U. & Lucarini, G. (2009) Tecniche geomatiche applicate alla ricerca archeologica in ambienti desertici: il caso della Missione Archeologica Italiana nell’Oasi di Farafra (Egitto). Proceedings of the 13° ASITA Conference, 275-80. Bari (Italy), December 2009.

Barich, B.E. & Lucarini, G. (2009) Oasi di Farafra. Un quadro delle più recenti ricerche. Campagne di scavo 2006-2007. Ricerche Italiane e Scavi in Egitto, III: 9-22. Cairo: Italian Archaeological Centre.

Barich, B.E. & Lucarini, G. (2008) The Nile Valley Seen from the Oases. The Contribution of Farafra. In: Midant-Reynes, B. & Tristant, Y. (eds.) Egypt at its Origins 2, 569-84. Leuven: Peeters.

Lucarini, G. (2008) Harvesting Techniques in the Late Neolithic and Predynastic Egypt – Contributions from Experimental Archaeology. In: Midant-Reynes, B. & Tristant, Y. (eds.) Egypt at its Origins 2, 443-62. Leuven: Peeters.

Lucarini, G. (2007) Lithics and Grinding Stones. In: Bard, K. & Fattovich, R. (eds.), Harbor of the Pharaohs to the Land of Punt. Archaeological Investigations at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis. Egypt, 2001-2005, 196-212. Naples: University of Naples L'Orientale.

Hamdan M.A., Hassan F.A. Barich B.E., Lucarini G. & Gallinaro M. (2006) Geoarchaeology of the Holocene Bahr Playa, Farafra Depression: Season 2004. In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Geology of the Arab World (GAW 8). Volume 1. Borderless Geology. Cairo (Egypt), 13th-16th February 2006, 351-61, Cairo: Cairo University Press.

Lucarini, G. (2006) The Use and Exploitation of Plants at Farafra Oasis. In: Kroeper, K., Chłodnicki, M. & Kobusiewicz, M. (eds.), Archaeology of the Early Northeastern Africa. In Memory of Lech Krzyżaniak, 463-78. Poznan: Poznan Archaeological Museum.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Gebel Akhdar. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 66-7. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Hagfet et Tera. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 74-5. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Isniano. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 79-80. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Merimde Beni Salama. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 101-2. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Minshat Abu Omar. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 263-4. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) (El) Omari. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 110. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Qadiano. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 113-4. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Qaruniano. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 114-5. Rome: Treccani.

Lucarini, G. (2005) Wadi Kubbaniya. Enciclopedia Archeologica Volume V, Africa, 135-6. Rome: Treccani.